John Jacob Hochstetler, II
|Also Known As:||"Hans"|
|Birthplace:||Canton Bern, Switzerland|
|Death:||Died in Elk Lick Township, Somerset County, Pennsylvania, United States|
|Place of Burial:||Summit Mills, Summit Township, Somerset County, Pennsylvania, United States|
Son of Jacob Hochstedler Sr. and Anna Lorentz
|Managed by:||Private User|
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About John Jacob Hochstetler, II
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(The following very interesting notes were written by John Lemuel Wissinger, profile manager):
Original tombstone reads: "1805 H H 11 APRIL" (HH for Hans Hochstetler).
Born ca. 1735 in Europe, probably along the Rhine, son of Jacob Hochstetler. Immigrated to the US with his parents in 1738 on the ship Charming Nancy and settled in Bern Twp., Berks Co., Pa. As a young married man, he witnessed an Indian attack on his parents' home, where his mother, sister and brother were killed and his father and two other brothers were taken prisoner.
John was married to Catherine (circa 1751 in Hamburg, Reading Co., PA), daughter of Amish Bishop Jacob Hertzler, and eventually removed to Somerset Co., Pa. Father of Jacob, John, Catherine, Joseph, David, Henry, Daniel and Jonathan Hochstetler, Freni Yoder and Anna Miller. Married secondly to Anna Christner, widow of Uli Schrock.
John was buried on his home farm, one mile southwest of Summit Mills, Pa. The farm was owned by Joel Hershberger shortly before 1934 when a survey of the cemetery was taken and is generally referred as the Bender Survey. It is also known as the historic Hochstetler/Yoder Cemetery. John is buried in Plot # 26 of this old Joel Hershberger Cemetery on the farm.
John's original tombstone was removed for safekeeping to the restored "Little House" (Grossdaddy Haus) on his home farm. When the house was destroyed by a tornado in 1998, the tombstone was recovered and saved. The present Memorial Marker was placed in 1978 by the late Paul V. Hostetler.
Photos from HHH Newsletter, Goshen, Indiana.
One of the few remaining tangible testimonies to our forefather Jacob Hostetler is a simple, wood framed, house that his oldest son John built as his retirement home on his farm in Summit Mills, Somerset County, PA around the year 1800. Unfortunately, a tornado in June of 1998 lifted the little house off its foundation, taking the off the roof and strewing it across the fields. Remaining was a twisted structure, tipped into the basement.
Hochstetler Family History This account is adapted from the historical introduction by William F. Hochstetler early in the 1900s, published in The Descendents of Jacob Hochstetler (copyright © 1977 by Eli J. Hochstetler), and from Our Flesh and Blood: A Documentary History of The Jacob Hochstetler Family During the French and Indian War Period 1757—1765, 2nd ed., compiled and edited by Beth Hostetler Mark (The Jacob Hochstetler Family Association, Inc., Elkhart, Ind., © 2003)
The Hochstetler family is thought to have originated near Schwarzenburg, Switzerland, perhaps in the fourteenth or fifteenth century. In the 1600s some members of the family joined the Anabaptist reform movement. Because of their adherence to the doctrines of believers’ baptism and non-resistance, Anabaptists suffered severe persecution, and beginning in the 1700s many of them immigrated to America to find religious freedom.
Jacob Hochstetler was born in 1712 in Echery near St. Marie-aux-Mines in Alsace, where his family had settled in the late 1600s. He was twenty-six years old when he arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on Nov. 9, 1738, aboard the Charming Nancy. With him were his wife, whose name is unknown, a daughter, Barbara, and a son, John, who was then three years old, and from whom I am descended.
By 1739 the family had settled along the Northkill Creek on the eastern edge of the Blue Mountains in what is now Berks County, Pennsylvania, at that time the western frontier of the British colonies. They built a substantial log home and farm buildings near a spring of fresh water, cleared the land for farming, and planted several acres of fruit trees. They helped to establish the first Amish Mennonite church in America in the Northkill area the following year.
At this time the Delaware Indians, or Lenni Lenape, who inhabited a large portion of Pennsylvania, lived in peace with the white settlers. They often visited my ancestors’ homestead and others throughout the area and were generally received with hospitality. The Moravians maintained an active mission to the native peoples along the borderlands, and as a result many became Christians.
In 1754, however, the peace was shattered when France and England went to war over control of the territories west of the Appalachian Mountains. After the defeat of General Braddock by a combined French and Indian force in 1755, many of the native tribes allied with the French and began to attack the border settlements in Pennsylvania and New York to drive the white settlers out of their ancestral lands. Between November 1756 and June 1757 several families in the Northkill area were attacked, a number of settlers were killed, and others were carried away as captives.
That summer remained comparatively quiet, although a tense anxiety hung over the valley. Jacob and his wife, their sons Jacob, Joseph, Christian, and a young daughter were living in the home, while Barbara and John, who were by then married, lived on farms nearby. On the evening of September 19, 1757, the young people of the neighborhood gathered at the Hochstetler farm to help prepare apples for drying and afterward stayed for a social until late. When their guests had finally gone, the family went to bed. They had no sooner settled down to sleep than their dog set up a clamor that roused them. Alarmed, young Jacob opened the door to look outside and was staggered by a shot in the leg. Realizing that they were under attack, he managed to bar the door before the Indians could force their way inside.
It was a moonless night and, barricaded inside the dark house, the family members could see a band of about fifteen Indians standing near the outside bake oven, evidently conferring about what to do. There were several guns and an ample supply of ammunition in the house, but in spite of the desperate pleas of Joseph and Christian, their father refused to allow them to take up arms against another human being, even to defend their lives. Finally, near dawn, the Indians set fire to the house. With their attackers lurking outside, the family had no choice but to take refuge in the cellar beneath their blazing home. When the fire threatened to burn through the floorboards, they staved off certain death by spraying cider on the flames. Choking on the thick smoke and scorched by the conflagration above their heads, they somehow endured until the first light of the new day.
Through a small window, the strengthening light revealed the Indians filing off into the woods. Flames and smoke made it impossible to stay in the cellar any longer, and the instant their attackers were out of sight, the parents and their children began to crawl out through the narrow window. The mother was a large woman, and it took considerable effort to drag her through the constricted opening. With his wounded leg, young Jacob needed help to climb through. But at last everyone was free of the smoldering ruins. Concealed by the trees, however, a young warrior named Tom Lions had lingered in the orchard to gather some of the ripe peaches. Seeing the family emerging from the cellar, he immediately alerted the rest of his party.
As the marauding band returned to surround his terrified family, Joseph outran two pursuers and hid behind a large log on the hill above the house, unaware that one of the Indians had noted his hiding place. The Indians tomahawked and scalped young Jacob and his sister. Evidently motivated by a desire for revenge against the mother—possibly because some years earlier she had refused to give them food and had driven them away—the Indians stabbed her through the heart with a butcher knife, a death they considered dishonorable, before scalping her. Christian was about to be tomahawked as well, but according to family tradition, he was spared because of his bright blue eyes.
Dawn was just breaking when the oldest son, John, who lived on the adjoining farm, awakened to the horrifying sight of his parents’ homestead in flames and surrounded by Indians. He hastily concealed his wife and young son in a dense thicket well away from their house, then watched helplessly from a concealed location as the Indians put the barn and the other outbuildings to the torch. Outnumbered and alone, he could do nothing to save his family. Other neighbors ran to the edge of the meadow that surrounded the farm, but they also were helpless to intervene against the armed Indians.
After taking the elder Jacob and his son Christian captive, the Indians returned to Joseph’s hiding place and took him prisoner as well. As they were being led away, Jacob picked as many ripe peaches as he could carry and urged his sons to do the same. Then they were forced to a rapid march across the Blue Mountains. When they at last arrived at an Indian village, Jacob realized they would be forced to run the gauntlet. Accompanied by the two boys, he approached the chief and offered him the peaches they carried. The chief was so pleased by this gesture that he spared them from the cruel ordeal most captives were forced to undergo.
From there, Jacob and his sons were taken on another long, exhausing march to a French fort at Presque Isle, near Erie, Pennsylvania. French soldiers from the fort gave the three captives to Indians from three different villages in northwestern Pennsylvania. But before his sons were taken away from him, Jacob pleaded with them to remember the Lord’s Prayer even if they forgot their German language. Jacob was then taken to the Seneca village of Buckaloons. Custaloga, a Delaware chief who lived most of the time in Custaloga’s Town near present-day Meadville, Pennsylvania, took one of the boys. Where the other boy was taken is unknown. According to oral tradition, Christian was initially adopted by an old Indian who died several years later, while Joseph was adopted into a family.
Although he pretended to be content, Jacob never grew reconciled to the natives’ life, and his captors never fully trusted him. In early May, 1758, however, he was allowed to go hunting alone and managed to escape. An arduous journey and many prayers for guidance brought him to the Susquehanna. On the verge of starving, he built a raft and floated downstream, more dead than alive. When his raft passed Fort Augusta at present-day Shamokin, he was spotted and pulled from the river by British soldiers. Colonel James Burd took him on horseback to Carlisle, Pennslvania, where he was interrogated by Colonel Henry Bouquet about the activities and locations of the French. Released by the British, Jacob traveled to Fort Harris, now Harrisburg, and from there he was finally able to return home.
At the end of the French and Indian War, the peace treaty with the Indian tribes provided for the return of all white captives to their families. Little came of this agreement, however, and on August 13, 1762, Jacob petitioned the governor for the return of his sons. After considerable negotiations with Indian tribal leaders to secure the return of all the white captives, Joseph was returned to his father in 1763 or 1764. Christian did not return until late summer 1765. As was common for Whites who were adopted into Indian families, both were initially reluctant to return to white society. For the rest of his life Joseph continued to visit his Indian family to hunt and to join in their sports. Christian had the greatest difficulty reconciling to the ways of the Whites. Eventually, however, he married, was converted, and joined the Tunker Church (Church of the Brethren). In time he became a preacher.
There is a whole book about John Jacob Hochstetler - he was Amish born in Guiggisguage Switzerland - His wife was French. Lived in NorthKill, Berks, PA - Lancaster - moved to Ohio after massacre.
Possible Name Change to "Hostetler".
Age 3 when he came to this country with his father. Will dated March 15, 1805 and was registered APril 15, 1805. He moved from Berks County, PA to Somerset County about December 1784. Amish. He may have been the minister of the church there.
According to the Jonathan and Katie Miller Eash Family Genealogy (Wilbur Hostetler, 1978):
John Jacob Hochstetler, II's Timeline
Canton Bern, Switzerland
January 1, 1752
Northkill, Berks, Pennsylvania, United States
Northkill, Berks, Pennsylvania, USA
Berks Co, PA
June 24, 1762
Northkill, Berks, Pennsylvania, United States
Elk Lick Township, Somerset County, Pennsylvania