Lady Anne Barnard

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About Lady Anne Barnard

F, #20567, b. 8 December 1750, d. 6 May 1825

Last Edited=19 Feb 2011 Consanguinity Index=0.0%

    Lady Anne Lindsay was born on 8 December 1750.1 She was the daughter of James Lindsay, 5th Earl of Balcarres and Anne Dalrymple.1 She married Andrew Barnard on 31 October 1793.1 She died on 6 May 1825 at age 74, without issue.1,2
    She wrote the book Auld Robin Grey, published 1772.1

Citations [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 379. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage. [S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 954. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.

Lady Anne Barnard (12 December 1750–6 May 1825), née Anne Lindsay

The eldest daughter of James Lindsay, 5th Earl of Balcarres, was born at Balcarres House, Fife, Scotland. She was author of the ballad Auld Robin Gray and an accomplished travel writer, artist and socialite of the period. Her five year residence in Cape Town, South Africa, although brief, had a significant impact on the cultural and social life of the time.[1]

Anne moved to London where she met and was married in 1793 to Andrew Barnard, [Note 1] twelve years her junior, a son of Thomas Barnard, the Bishop of Limerick, for whom she obtained from Henry Dundas (1st Viscount Melville) an appointment as colonial secretary at the Cape of Good Hope, which was then under British military occupation. The Barnards travelled there in March 1797, Lady Anne remaining at the Cape until January 1802.

Her letters written to Dundas, then secretary for war and the colonies, and her diaries of travels into the interior have become an important source of information about the people, events and social life of the time. She is also retained in popular memory as a socialite, known for entertaining at the Castle of Good Hope as the official hostess of Governor Earl Macartney.

The remarkable series of letters, journals and drawings she produced was published in 1901 under the title South Africa a Century Ago and can be read here. In 1806, on the reconquest of the Cape by the United Kingdom, Barnard was reappointed Colonial Secretary, but Lady Anne did not accompany him there; he died at the Cape in 1807. The rest of her life was passed in London, where she died on 6 May 1825.

Lady Anne was also an accomplished artist, some of her works being included in her published accounts of life in the 18th and 19th centuries. Her works include oil paintings and drawings. Rev. William Leeves revealed in 1812 that Auld Robin Gray had been written by her in 1772, and set to music by him. It was published anonymously in 1783, Lady Anne only acknowledging the authorship of the words two years before her death in a letter to Sir Walter Scott (1823), who subsequently edited it for the Bannatyne Club with two continuations.

Lady Anne is commemorated in several ways in Cape Town. A chamber in the Castle of Good Hope is known as "Lady Anne Barnard's Ballroom"; a road in the suburb of Newlands, where the Barnards lived, is named "Lady Anne Avenue" and a carved sculpture of her is displayed in the foyer of the civic centre in the neighbouring suburb of Claremont. The Barnards' country house, The Vineyard, survives as part of a hotel.


  1. Not related to General Sir Andrew Francis Barnard


  1. The Claremont Clarion (June, 2010)


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Lady Anne Barnard's Timeline

December 12, 1750
May 6, 1825
Age 74