Matching family tree profiles for Paulus Kuster
About Paulus Kuster
Source- The Pound and Kester families: containing an account of the ancestry of John Pound-
The Kester and Family Ancestry
The name of "Kester" is derived from the German word Kuster or Kuester, which is closely allied to the Holland family name of "Koster". The word "Kuster" is difficult to pronounce in English and probably for this reason has been changed by different American families to the form of "Kester", "Koster", "Custer"," and other similar names.
1- Paul Kuster, his wife Gertrude, and the three sons, Arnold, Johannes and Hermanus Kuster, immigrated to America Probably about 1685. They came from Crefeld, Germany , a city located on the lower Rhine near Holland and were among the first settlers of Germantown Pennsylvania, which has now become a part of the City of Philadelphia.
The name of Paul Kuster is given in a tax list of persons residing in Germantown in 1693, and the records show that he purchased fifty acres of land of Henry Bucholtz, December 4, 1704, and that he was chosen a committeeman of the corporation of Germanntown, December 2, 1700, and was appointed overseer of fences for that municipality, January 5, 1706. Kaldenkirchen is a small village in the forest near the Dutch border, and near Krefeld and Kempden. It escaped two world wars, and the Catholic and Reformed churches that the Kusters and the Doors attended still stand there, across the street from each other. The church has played a significant role in this family's history. The medieval coat of arms for the Custer family is a cross with two crossbars. The family name of Custer is the anglicized from of the German Kuster, which means "one in charge of the sacristy where the sacramental vessels are kept" This suggests that someone in the family held that position. Even today in Germany the custodian or sexton of the church is called the "Kuster". Of Paul's children, Arnold Kuster was probably the oldest. His wife's name was Elizabeth. Johannes was married in 1692 to Elizabeth Cassell. Hermanus was married in 1706 to Isabella Conrad. Paul and his sons, Arnold and Hermanus, were embers of the Mennonite Church, while Johannaes became a member of the Society of Friends or Quakers.
The Philadelphia Register of Wills, Book C, page 72, shows the estate of Paul Kuster and Gertrude, his wife. He left a nuncupative will, said to have been reduced to writing by Francis Daniel Pastorius, one of the prominent citizens of Germantown. It is dated January 28, 1707-8, and is signed by his sons " Arnolt Custer," "Hermanus Kuster" and Johannes Kosters," and by Dennis Cunders, John Cadwalader, Rynier vandersluys, Chr. Sprogal and Cornellis Dewees by his mark. The will was proved February 23, 1707-8 by Dennis Cunders and Cornelius Dewees, and it is therein stated that the testator "a mason", sick of body , but of perfect memory and disposing "mind",after the payment of his debts, gives all his property to his wife, Gertrude, for her life, and after her death is to be divided among his children. The inventory of the estate is signed by Dennis Cunders and Peiter Keyser. On the same day on which this will was proved, letters of administration were granted by Lieutenant Governor, John Evans, to "Arnold Kusturs", "Hermanus Kisturs", and Johannes Kosters" (named also in the letters as "Arnold Kustur," "Hermanus Custers" and "Johannes Kosters," and as "Arnolt Custurs," and "Hermanus Custurs" and "Johannes Custers" ) all of Germantown yeoman, on the estate of "Paul Kuster and Gertrude, his wife," wherein it is stated that Gertrude Kuster died soon after her husband.
It will be noticed that Paul's will this three sons, Arnold, Hermanus and Johannes Kuster, signed their names "Custer" "Kusters" and "Koster" respectively, and in the letters of administration on the estate of Paul and his wife the names of his sons( through no doubt here written by a clerk) are spelled in several different ways, and subsequent records show still greater changes in these names amoung later generations. The descendants of Arnold Kuster have spelled the name "Kustur", "Kostard,: "Kister," "Kisher", and "all sorts of ways", the descendants of Hermanus Kuster are believed, in main have spelled it "Custer,", and all descendants of Johannes Kuster or Koster, so far as known, have spelled it "Kester".
Source: SON OF THE MORNING STAR by Evan S Connell
He was a mason according to the 1693 tax list
WILL: Paul Kuster of Germantown. 11/28/1707/8. Noncupative will. Wife Gertrude. Children names not given. Letters of administration were granted to Arnold Kusters, Hermanus Kusters and Johannes Kusters, the widow Gertrude being dead
Descendants of Paulus Kuster
Generation No. 1
1. PAULUS4 KUSTER (ARNOLD3, JOHANNES2, REINER1) was born Abt. 1644 in Kaldenkirchen, Germany, and died Aft. 28 Jan 1707/08 in German Town, Philiadelphia County, Pennsylvania. He married GERTRUDE DOORS 16 Oct 1668 in Kaldenkirchen, Germany, daughter of THEIS DOORS and AGNES. She was born Abt. 1645 in Kaldenkirchen, Germany, and died Aft. 28 Jan 1707/08 in German Town, Philiadelphia County, Pennsylvania.
Notes for PAULUS KUSTER:
THIS IS A WORK IN PROGRESS. ALL CORRECTIONS AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION APPRECIATED
The basis for identifying Arnold as the father of Paulus seems to be taken from "The Pennsylvania Genealogical Magazine" Volume XXXI 1980 Number 3 in the article "The Ancestry of the Thirteen Krefeld Emigrants of 1683" by Wilhelm Niepoth, translated by John Brockie Lukens page 505:
"Going by the first name of the eldest son, the father of Paulus Kuesters, must have been the Catholic, Arret Kuesters, who lived in Kaldenkirchen."
From "Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage" Volume IX, Number 3 July 1986
p.28 in an article titled "The Kusters and Doors of Kaldenkirchen,
Germany and Germantown, Pennsylvania" by Chester E. Custer:
"Within the civil records in the archives at Düsseldorf the Kuster
family can be traced to Reiner Kuster, who was born about 1542 and died
on July 3, 1616. The name of Reiner's wife in unknown. Reiner was the
father of Johannes Kuster, born in 1576. Johannes married ____
Walburgis in 1598 and died April 8, 1650. They were the parents of
Arnold, born about 1606. Arnold married Catherine von Haeren on October
13, 1629, and died November 24, 1679. Arnold and Catharine were
mentioned earlier in connection with the baptism of Margarita Doors.
Each of Arnold's sons named his first-born son after him. Emigrant
Paulus Kuster was the son of Arnold and Catharine. The birth date for
Paulus cannot be determined because the baptismal records of the
Catholic church at Kaldenkirchen between 1640 and 1646 are missing.
...Paulus Kuster, reared as a Roman Catholic, married Gertrude Doors on
October 16, 1668, in the Reformed church at Kaldenkirchen......
Paulus apparently left the Catholic church prior to or at the time of
his marriage. Gertrude and her parents had been in the Reformed church
From "The Pennsylvania Genealogical Magazine" Volume XXXI Number 3 1980 in an article
titled "The Ancestry of the Thirteen Krefeld Emigrants of 1683" by Wilhelm Niepoth, translated by John Brockie Lukens page 505:
"...in the church records of the Reformed congregation of Kaldenkirchen. On 16 October 1668 were married there Paulus Kusters, bachelor of Kaldenkirchen and Gertrud Doors, spinster of Kaldenkirchen. Children of theirs baptized there were: 1. Arnold, baptized 9 June 1669; 2. Johannes, baptized 12 December 1670; 3. Matthys, baptized 6 December 1671; 4. Reiner, baptized 2 December 1674. Later other children were born, but not baptized at Kaldenkirchen; Elizabeth and Hermann"
This is a direct quote from the above source.
From "Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage" Vol IX, Number 3 July 1986 in the article "The Kusters and Doors of Kaldenkirchen, Germany and Germantown, Pennsylvania" by Chester E. Custer on page 28 this account of the children is given:
"Paulus and Gertrude had seven known children, all of whom were baptized in the Reformed church at Kaldenkirchen." (cites baptismal information from the Kaldenkirchen Reformed Church Records).
Arnold was baptized on June 9, 1669.
Johannes was baptized on October 12, 1670. (Month differs from Niepoth's account)
Matthys was baptized on December 6, 1671.
Reiner was baptized on December 2, 1674.
Anna was baptized on December 26, 1677. (Anna is not included in Niepoth's account)
Hermanus was baptized on October 19, 1681 or on March 15, 1682 (Niepoth did not find a record for Hermanus whereas the archivist and linguist Leo Peters who translated the confusing combination of German and Dutch language in the records found two). Both were sons of a Gertrude and both had witnesses from the Doors family.
Catrin was baptized March 9, 1687. (Also not included in Niepoth's account)
Elizabeth also not found in the records by Leo Peters working with Chester Custer.
Since Chester Custer's research examined the original records in the Reformed Church at Kaldenkirchen (written in a combination German/Dutch language), the Catholic Church at Kaldenkirchen (written in Latin and housed in the archives of Kempen), the archives in Duesseldorf, and the Mennonite library in the Weierhof and had the help of the archivist and linguist, Leo Peters, I have used this research as the source for the children of Paulus and Gertrude Doors.
Notes for GERTRUDE DOORS:
From "The Pennsylvania Genealogical Magazine" Volume XXXI 1980 Number 3 in an article
titled "The Ancestry of the Thirteen Krefeld Emigrants of 1683" by Wilhelm Niepoth, translated by John Brockie Lukens page 506:
Niepoth relates a story about Gertrude's parents' experiences with religious persecution which is taken from the "Julich-Berg Historical Journal". A few days before the birth of Gertrude's sister, the bailiff had struck her mother in the face. The father was fined 100 gold Guilders and his goods taken. However the government intervened and declared that Gertrude's father should stay and not be persecuted.
Children of PAULUS KUSTER and GERTRUDE DOORS are:
2. i. ARNOLD5 CUSTER, b. Abt. 1669, Kaldenkirchen, Germany; d. 1739, Hanover Township, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania.
ii. JOHANNES CUSTER, b. Abt. 1670, Germany (Source: Chester E. Custer, "Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage Volume IX, Number 3 July 1986 "The Kusters and Doors of Kaldenkirchen, Germany, and Germantown, Pennsylvania," page 28, Johannes was baptized on October 12, 1670. Jyn Huylkins and Agnes Doors, Gertrude's mother, were the witnesses. Both Arnold and Johannes would have been baptized by Jakob Flodrop.); d. Abt. 1708; m. ELIZABETH CASSEL, 31 Aug 1692, Abington Meeting Of Friends, Pennsylvania; d. Unknown.
iii. MATTHIAS CUSTER, b. Abt. 1671, Germany (Source: Chester E. Custer, "Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage Volume IX, Number 3 July 1986 "The Kusters and Doors of Kaldenkirchen, Germany, and Germantorwn, Pennsylvania," page 28, Matthys was baptized on December 6, 1671, by Johann Melchoir with Matthys Doors and Lisbet Doors (Gertrude's father and sister) as witnesses.); d. Unknown.
iv. REINER CUSTER, b. Abt. 1674 (Source: Chester E. Custer, "Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage Volume IX, Number 3 July 1986 "The Kusters and Doors of Kaldenkirchen, Germany, and Germantorwn, Pennsylvania," page 28, Reiner was baptized by Johann Melchior on December 2, 1674. The baptismal record states that Reiner's father was Roman Catholic, that his mother had been a member of the Reformed Church, and that she "for a period of time was unable to use her mental faculties." Gertrude's parents, Theiss and Agnes Doors, promised to assume responsibility for the child in her behalf. The witnesses to Reiner's baptism were Wys Doors (Gertrude's father, Matthys), Jochim Huiskens, and Elisabeth Doors (Gertrude's sister).); d. Unknown.
v. ANNA CUSTER, b. Abt. 1677 (Source: Chester E. Custer, "Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage Volume IX, Number 3 July 1986 "The Kusters and Doors of Kaldenkirchen, Germany, and Germantorwn, Pennsylvania," page 28, Anna was baptized on December 26, 1677. Peter Keurlings (Gertrude's brother-in-law, the husband of Elizabeth), Wilhelm Betten, Agness Doors (Gertrude's mother), and Jenneken Scremkens were witnesses. Arnold Theodor Scriba was the pastor at the time.); d. Unknown.
3. vi. HERMANUS CUSTER, b. Abt. 1681, Germany; d. 1760, Pennsylvania.
vii. CATRIN CUSTER, b. Abt. 1687 (Source: Chester E. Custer, "Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage Volume IX, Number 3 July 1986 "The Kusters and Doors of Kaldenkirchen, Germany, and Germantorwn, Pennsylvania," page 28, Catrin was baptized on March 9, 1687. The witnesses at her baptism were Nelis Hueben and Frin (?) Hueskens. This is the only baptism for which a member of Gertrude's immediate family is not listed as a witness. By this date most of the family had migrated to America. Arnold Hamboch was pastor of the church when Catrin was baptized and when Paulus and Gertrude left Kaldenkirchen for Germantown.); d. Unknown.
viii. EVA CUSTER, b. Aft. 1687; d. Unknown; m. GODSCHALK GODSCHALK; d. Unknown.
Notes for EVA CUSTER:
Milo Custer in "Custer Genealogies" lists the children of Paulus and
then in parentheses has: (Possibly also MARGARET (KOSTER) DEWEES, wife of
Cornelius Dewees, and EVA (KUSTER) GODSCHALK, wife of Godschalk
Godschalk.?) "The Descendants of Paulus and Gertrude Kusters", published by the Castor Association of America refers to the Agnes W. Storer book, "Eleanor C. Custer, Her Family and Connections" as citing "The Perkiomen Region" Whole Number 37, page 65 as a
reference to Eva Kuster who married Godschalk Godschalk as a daughter of Paulus and
Would appreciate a copy of "The Perkiomen Region" should anyone find it and would quote that reference for other researchers.
July 09, 2003 Dick Sell sent the following in an e-mail:
I looked at your Paulus Kuster page on your FTM Genealogy Site, and see you requested at the bottom of the list a copy of the page in "The Perkiomen Region" noting that Eve Kuster married Godschalk Godschalk.
I just wrote to the Mennonite Historians of Eastern PA librarian at <www.mhep.org> , Joel Alderfer, and he sent me a fax with that page 65. Would you like me to send it to you? Or I can try to scan it, or U.S. Mail it."
Attached to the e-mail was page 65 with the information that Eve Kuster married Godschalk Godschalk.
July 09, 2003 Dick sent the full citation:
"The Perkiomen Region, Vol.X, No.2, April 1932, Whole No.37, page 65."
Paulus CUSTER (Arnold Arets , Johannes , Reinhart \ Reiner , Ololus ) was born 1, 2, 3, 4 in 1644 in Kaldenkirchen, Rheinland, Germany. He died on 23 Feb 1707 in Germantown, Philadelphia, PA. He was buried in Germantown Mennonite Cemetery, Germantown, Philadelphia, PA. Paulus joined religion Catholic/Reformed Mennonite. He had a will probated on 18 Jan 1708 in Germantown, Philadelphia, PA. He was employed as Bricklayer And Stonemason.
BIOGRAPHY: He and Gertrude left Krefeld with four of their children in 1684 and settled in Germantown, Pennsylvania.
Source: SON OF THE MORNING STAR by Evan S Connell
He was a mason according to the 1693 tax list
WILL: Paul Kuster of Germantown.
Children names not given.
Letters of administration were granted to Arnold Kusters, Hermanus Kusters and Johannes Kusters, the widow Gertrude being dead
Paulus married Gertrude DOORS daughter of Matthais DOORS and Agness OP DEN GRAEFF on 16 Oct 1668 in Reformed Church, Kaldenkirchen, Rheinland, Germany. Gertrude was born 1, 2 in 1645 in Kaldenkirchen, Rheinland, Germany. She died on 23 Feb 1708 in Germantown, Montgomery, PA.
(Note by Grace Ebneter, Custer researcher)
Some of this information was updated in the 1980s when a German scholar researched the people who settled Germantown, Pennsylvania. More recent research is based on translations from church records in Germany which were not available at that time or at least not found until studies by Wilhelm Niepoth of Germany were translated (in the 1980s) and Chester Custer wrote "The Kusters and Doors of Kaldenkirchen, Germany and Germantown, Pennsylvania" in Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage in 1986.He discovered the church records which document many of the CUSTER/KUSTER family births, marriages, etc. The most important discovery made with all this research and translation of it is that the wife of Paulus KUSTER was not Gertrude STREYPERS, but Gertrude DOORS.
When the information lists her last name as STREYPERS, this usually tells that their information comes from an article in The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography in 1880 by Samuel W. Pennypacker called "The Settlement of Germantown, and the Causes Which Led to It"
PAULUS b. 1644
Paulus and Gertrude (Doors) Kuster came to America after 1684, and were
naturalized May 7, 1691. It is believed that most of the 13 original families to
settle Germantown, are brothers and sisters of Gertrude Doors. Gertraudt Doors
was baptized in the Reformed Church of Krefeld Germany in 1681. Paulus and
Gertrude were sponsors for the baptisms of the children of Jan and Entgen (Doors)
Strepers. In 1669, Jan Streipers sponsored a child of Paulus and Gertrude Kuster.
In 1670, a child was sponsored by Agnes Doors. Paulus' first four children born in
Germany were baptized in the Reformed Church of Kaldenkirchen. Two more
children born in Germany, Elisabeth (Anna) and Hermann, were not baptized in
Kaldenkirchen. Paulus' father, Arret, was probably Roman Catholic. Paulus who also
was Catholic, later became a member of the Reformed Church of Kaldenkirchen
Germany, and Mennonite in Germantown. Paulus' sons, Arnold and Hermanus, came
to America with him. They were preceded by Johannes, another son of Paulus.
Paulus was a stone mason and farmer. On Dec. 2, 1700, he was chosen as a
committeeman of the corporation of Germantown PA. Paulus purchased 50 acres
of land from Henry Bucholz Dec. 4, 1704. Paulus was appointed Jan. 5, 1706 as
overseer of fences in Germantown. Paulus died in Jan. or Feb. 1708, and Gertrude
Paul (Paulus) Custer and Gertrude came to America in 1684 and settled with other Mennonites in Germantown. At least the following three sons came from Crefeld, Germany with their parents: Arnold, Johannes, and Hermanus.
born 1640-1646. died 1707-1708.
"According to late 20th century research, Paulus and Gertrude Küster, who followed the first thirteen immigrant German families from Krefeld and surroundings, had emigrated to North America around 1693 from the Rhineland in Germany, probably among thousands of Palatine refugees whose passage was arranged by the English government of Queen Anne to gain settlers. Their surname originally was spelled "Küster". Paulus Küster was from Kaltenkirchen, Duchy of Jülich (today North Rhine-Westphalia state), who settled in Germantown, Pennsylvania.
A 1909 history of Germans in the US stated that this immigrant ancestor was a Hessian soldier fighting for the British, who was paroled in 1778 after Burgoyne's surrender. The soldier was said to have changed his name to Custer because it was easier for his English neighbors to pronounce and perhaps also to remove the stigma attaching to a Hessian, so offensive then to American sensibilities.
1. ^ Wert, Jeffry D. (1996). Custer: The Controversial Life of George Armstrong Custer. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-684-81043-3. , p. 15. 2. ^ Connell, Evan S. (1984). Son Of The Morning Star. San Francisco, California: North Point Press. ISBN 0-86547-160-6. , p. 352. 3'. ^ Albert Bernhardt Faust, The German Element in the United States, Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1909, vol. 1, p. 517."
Born 1644 in Kaldenkirchen, Germany Died 1706-1708 in Germantown, PA. 5th Generation grandson of Ololus Kuster Kaldenkirchen,Germany
My 7th PaternalGreat Grandfather
Created by: Darlene Litzsinger Record added: Jun 30, 2001 Find A Grave Memorial# 5582039
Historical Society of Pennsylvania; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Collection Name: Historic Pennsylvania Church and Town Records; Reel: 74
The settlement of Germantown, Pennsylvania, and the beginning of German emigration to Germantown-https://archive.org/stream/settlementofgerm01penn#page/136/mode/1up
Paulus Kuster's Timeline
January 28, 1644
Rhineland, Düsseldorf, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
Kaldenkirchen, Viersen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
June 9, 1669
Kaldenkirchen, Viersen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
December 10, 1670
Kaldenkirchen, Nettetal, Kurpfalz, Heiliges Römisches Reich Deutscher Nation
December 6, 1671
Crefeld, Krefeld, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
February 12, 1674
Crefeld, Krefeld, Nordrhein-Westfeld, Germany
Germantown, , Pa
December 26, 1677
Kaldenkirchen, Rheinland, Prussia, Germany
October 19, 1681
Nettetal, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany