Pedro II o Pacifico, rei de Portugal

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About Pedro II o Pacifico, rei de Portugal

Peter II (Portuguese Pedro, (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈpedɾu]), the Pacific (Port. o Pacífico) (April 26, 1648 – December 9, 1706), Regent (1668–1683) and 23rd (or 24th according to some historians) King of Portugal and the Algarves (1683–1706).

The youngest son of João IV and being created Duke of Beja, he was appointed regent for his insane brother, Afonso VI, in 1668, shortly after Spanish recognition of Portugal's independence. Peter first locked his brother away, but came to the throne in his own right after Afonso's death in 1683. Around this time, the discovery of gold mines in Brazil enlarged Peter's treasury to the extent that he was able to dismiss the Cortes in 1697 and rule without its revenue grants for the rest of his reign.

Initially Peter supported France in the War of Spanish Succession (1702 - 1715), but on May 16, 1703, Portugal and Britain signed the famous Methuen Treaty. This trade accord granted mutual commercial privileges for Portuguese wine and English textile traders and would later give Britain huge clout in the Portuguese economy. This was followed in December 1703 by a military alliance between Portugal, Austria and Great Britain for an invasion of Spain. Portuguese and Allied forces, under the command of the Marquês das Minas, captured Madrid in 1706, during the campaign which ended in the Allied defeat at Almansa.

Peter not only inherited his brother's throne but also married his wife, Queen Marie-Françoise of Savoy (1646-1683). They had one daughter, Princess Isabella Louise (1669-90), princess of Beira and heiress-presumptive, a.k.a "a Sempre-Noiva" (the ever-engaged), because of the many marriage projects intended for her that were never completed. The Queen, apparently incapable of birthing more offspring, died as late as in 1683, 14 years after Isabella's birth, and because the Princess was a fragile and sick child, the King decided to marry again.

The chosen bride was Maria Sophia (1666-1699), daughter of Phillip William of Neuburg. Among Sophia's sisters were Eleonor Madeleine, wife of Leopold I of Austria and Maria Anna, second wife of Charles II of Spain.

This marriage was concluded, and the couple had eight children, including the new viable heir to the throne, the younger John, who eventually succeeded his father, after his death in 1706, as King John V of Portugal.

Don Pedro II Rey de Portugal, cafado con Doña Maria Francifca Ifabel de Saboya, hermana de la Duquefa de Saboya, hijas ambas de Carlos Manuel de Saboya, Duque de Namur, y de fegundo matrimonio con Doña Maria Ifabel Sofia Condefa Palatina del Rhin, hija de Felipe Guillelmo Conde Palatino de el Rhin, Principe Elector, y Gran Teforero del Sacro Romano Imperio, Vicario General y Capitan General hereditario de fus Exercitos, Duque de Baviera, de Neoburg, de Juliers, de Cleves y de Montes, Conde de Spanhein, de el Veldentiz, de la Marcha, y de Rovensberge y de Meurs, Señor de Reveftein, Cavallero del Toyfon; y de la Serenifsima Electriz Ifabel Amalia de Afia fu fegunda muger. Son fus hijos, primero el Principe Don Juan, fegundo el Infante Don Francifco Xavier, tercero el Infante Don Antonio Francifco Jofeph Leopoldo. Historia de la Muy Ilustre Casa de Sousa Capitulo X. Casa Real de Portugal. Pág 106

D. Pedro fegundo del nombre Rey de Portugal en fuccefion á fu hermano el Rey D. alonfo el VI, cafó primero con Doña Maria Francifca Ifabel de Saboya, hermana de la Duquefa de Saboya, hijas ambas de Carlos Manuel de Saboya, Duque de Nemours, cuya hija era la Infanta Doña Isabel Maria Jofepha. Cafó fegunda vez el Rey D. Pedro con Doña Maria Ifabel Sophía, Princefa Palatina, hija del Duque de Neoburg, Conde Elector Palatino Felipe Guillelmo, y de la Condefa Ifabel Amalia de Afia fu muger fegunda... fueron fus hijos, primero el Principe D. Juan; fegundo el Infang D. Francifco Xavier, tercero el Infante D. Antonio Francifco Jofeph Leopoldo. Historia de la Muy Ilustre Casa de Sousa España, 1770. Casa Real de Portugal. Pág. 384

Pietari II Tyyni 1648–1706 (portugaliksi Pedro o Pacifico), oli Portugalin kuningas. Pietari oli Juhana IV:n nuorin poika. Hän hallitsi Portugalia jo 1668–1683 vajaamielisen veljensä Alfonso VI:n sijaishallitsijana, mutta nousi itse valtaan varsinaisesti Alfonson kuoltua 1683.

Hänen valtakaudellaan Brasiliasta löydetty hopea vaurastutti Portugalin valtiota suuresti.


Pedro II o Pacifico, rei de Portugal的年谱

Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal
Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal
Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal