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Thomas Chalkley

Birthplace: Southwark, Bermondsley parish, Magdalens, London, Sussex, England (United Kingdom)
Death: November 04, 1741 (66)
Place of Burial: Fat Hog Bay, Tortola, British Virgin Islands
Immediate Family:

Son of George Chalkley and Rebecca Chalkley, widow Harding
Husband of Martha Chalkley and Martha Chalkey
Father of George Chalkley; first name unknown Chalkley; Robert Chalkley; Jemima Chalkley; first name unknown Chalkley and 4 others
Brother of George Chalkley, Jr. and John Chalkley

Managed by: Yosef Dovid Kaner
Last Updated:

About Thomas Chalkley

Chalkley was probably the most influential Quaker minister in America during the eighteenth century. He paired his faith with small scale international trade to maintain his penchant for missionary activities in the Colonies of North America, the Caribbean and even Europe

Thomas Chalkey is the Quaker Minister that converted many on Nantucket to Quakerism.

  • CHALKLEY, THOMAS (1675–1741) Quaker
  • the son of George Chalkley
  • prior to marriage: an associated minister with Elizabeth Webb (Hewes) (1663-1726)
  • Married Martha Betterton in 1699 on a visit back in London. She was also a devout Quaker
  • They had 5 children; all died young.
  • The couple moved to Maryland in 1701, she died 1712
  • In 1714 he married a widow with 2 children named Martha Brown(e) (née SPICER).
  • Another member of the Southwark QM attended by Thomas Chalkley was George Whitehead
  • In the autumn of 1741 he went to Tortola, one of the Virgin Islands, where he was seized with fever and died after a few days' illness
  • Only one of his twelve children, Rebecca Chalkley, surviving him. He did have at least one married step-daughter, wife of Isaac Brown(e) of London, England
  • (late in life) exhorted slave owners to be kind to their slaves: " that the more kind they were to their slaves, the better their business was done for it" This advice was poorly received and an owner shot Thomas with a shotgun, wounding him slightly. (page 343)

Rebecca Chalkley married a Quaker merchant Abel James a member of Pennsylvania's provincial assembly, a friend of Benjamin Franklin, and member of the American Philosophical Society.

Rebecca and Abel James had a son Thomas Chalkley James (Physician Medical educator) born in Philadelphia in 1766; died there, 25 July, 1835 He married Hannah Morris in 1802, and they had at least four children.


London Quakers in the Trans-Atlantic World: The Creation of an Early Modern Community ;J. Landes Springer, Jun 2, 2015 - History - 252 pages; "This book explores the Society of Friend's Atlantic presence through its creation and use of networks, including intellectual and theological exchange, and through the movement of people. It focuses on the establishment of trans-Atlantic Quaker networks and the crucial role London played in the creation of a Quaker community in the North Atlantic."

possible business connections from roots in Southwark

Norris, Isaac (1671-1735), Quaker politician, provincial Pennsylvania officeholder, and merchant Jeffrey L. Scheib Published in print:1999 Published online:02 December 1999 "Norris, Isaac (26 July 1671–04 June 1735), Quaker politician, provincial Pennsylvania officeholder, and merchant, was born in Southwark, London, England, the son of Thomas Norris, a Quaker carpenter, and Mary Moore. About 1678 his family immigrated to Port Royal, Jamaica. The extent of his formal education is unknown, but in adulthood he was well read in both classical Latin authors and the best of contemporary English literature. He first visited Philadelphia on a trading voyage in 1692; during his absence his father was killed in the earthquake that destroyed Port Royal on 7 June 1692, and his brother and sister died shortly thereafter. Norris settled permanently in Philadelphia about 1693. He gained important political and commercial connections through his marriage in 1694 to Mary Lloyd" > ~• note: At least two Lloyds were witnesses at Thomas Chalkley's second wedding in 1714.

Unity of purpose with his second wife Martha's family

  • Samuel Spicer was imprisoned by DWIC Director Petrus Stuyvesant for his support of the Flushing Remonstrance. Martha's own brother was also married to a Townsend, two Townsnd brothers also imprisoned by Stuyvesant. See Spicrer's profile.
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Thomas Chalkley's Timeline

May 3, 1675
London, Sussex, England
Lancaster, Lancaster County, PA
Pennsylvania, United States