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  • James Hudson Taylor (1832 - 1905)
    Date of birth from following 5/21/1832 - profile conflict - 18 March 1832 James Hudson Taylor: Founder of the China Inland Mission; born at Barnsley (18 miles south. of Leeds), Yorkshire, England, Ma...
  • Johanna Sophia Molther (c.1719 - 1801)
    Johanna Sophia Molther, nee von Seydewitz, wife of Philip H. Molther, who at this time was laboring in England with Spangenberg. She had come to America with Anna Nitschmann in December of 1740, to aid...
  • Anna Nitschmann (1715 - 1760)
    Anna Nitschmann Birth: Nov 24 1715 - Kunewald, Mähren Death: May 21 1760 - Herrnhut Parents: Daid Nitschmann & Anna Schneider Siblings: Melchior Nitschmann, Rosina Nitschmann, Johann N...
  • Bishop John Nitschmann, Jr. (1711 - 1783)
    Johann (or John) Nitschmann, Jr. (1712-1783), later a bishop, emigrated to Herrnhut with his family.  He studied theology at Halle from 1728 to 1731.  In 1731 he became a tutor at the orp...
  • David "Father" Nitschmann, Sr. (1676 - 1758)
    David Nitschmann der Wagner, or David "Father" Nitschmann, Sr., (1676, Zauchtenthal/Suchdol nad Odrou - 1758, Pennsylvania) was a Czech-born Moravian missionary and carpenter. origins From Feast of...

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The word "mission" originates from 1598 when the Jesuits sent members abroad, derived from the Latin missionem (nom. missio), meaning "act of sending" or mittere, meaning "to send". The word was used in light of its biblical usage; In the Latin translation of the Bible, Christ uses the word when sending the disciples to preach in his name. The Greek word used in the Greek New Testament for “missionary” is the noun ἁπόστολος – Apostle from the verb ἁποστέλλω - ‘apo-stello’ to send-out.

The Hebrew word is ‘shali’ach’, an emissary; the early Christian apostolate comes from the Jewish pattern of sending messengers in pairs, not singly. John 20:21 ("As my father has sent me, so I send you") and the rabbinic rule in Ber. 5:5, "A person's messenger is as himself" bears similarity.

The term is most commonly used for Christian missions, but can be used for any creed, movement or philosophy as in "Alexander the Great was an Apostle of Hellenism".

  • Nestorian communities evangelized much of North Africa.
  • Cistercians evangelized much of Northern Europe, as well as developing most of European agriculture's classic techniques.
  • Portuguese trade with Asia was profitable and as Jesuits came to India around 1540, the colonial government in Goa supported the mission with incentives for baptized Christians. * Later, Jesuits were sent to China and further countries in Asia.
  • In North America, missionaries to the native Americans included Jonathan Edwards, the well known preacher of the Great Awakening
  • In Spanish colonization of the Americas, the Catholic missionaries selected and learned among the languages of the Amerindians and devised writing systems for them. Then they preached to them in those languages (Quechua, Guarani, Nahuatl) instead of Spanish, to keep Indians away from "sinful" whites.
  • From 1732 onwards the Moravian Church began sending out missionaries.
  • Around 1780, an indigent Baptist cobbler named William Carey began reading about James Cook's Polynesian journeys. His interest grew to a furious sort of "backwards homesickness", inspiring him to obtain Baptist orders, and eventually write his famous 1792 pamphlet, "An Enquiry into the Obligation of Christians to use Means for the Conversion of Heathen." Far from a dry book of theology, Carey's work used the best available geographic and ethnographic data to map and count the number of people who had never heard the Gospel. It formed a movement that has grown with increasing speed from his day to the present.

Famous American Missionaries

  • Geronimo Boscana
  • Anton Docher
  • Antonio de Olivares
  • John Stewart (missionary)
  • John Wesley

Famous French Canadian Missionaries