William Steven Horne

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William Steven Horne

Also Known As: "William John Horn", "William Skidmore Horne"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Davie or Davidson Co, North Carolina
Death: Died in Rock Port, Atchison Co, Missouri
Place of Burial: Bush Cemetery, Rock Port, Atchison Co, Missouri
Immediate Family:

Son of George Horne and Martha "Patsey" Horne
Husband of Rachel Jane H. Horne
Father of Nancy Horne; Elizabeth Isadore "Lizzie" "Icy" Clark; Martha Nancy "Marthy" Freeman; Mary Adelaid Klingerman; George Rufus Redman Horn and 5 others
Brother of Dr. John Horne; Thomas Skidmore Horne; Lewis Skidmore Horne and Mary Jane Brindle

Occupation: Blacksmith, Farmer
Managed by: Justin Swanström
Last Updated:

About William Steven Horne

William Steven Horne (1831-1896), of Rock Port, Missouri. He was a blacksmith (1860) and farmer (1880). Census records show he was born in North Carolina, but his children Franklin and Mary reported on the 1900 census that he was born in South Carolina.

Family tradition says his name was William John Horn and that he was son of another William John Horn (Miller). However, he appears in contemporary records as William S. Horn, and other descendants call him William Steven Horn or William Skidmore Horn.

In the early days of researching his genealogy there was general agreement he was probably a descendant of Jeremiah Horn, a minister who married a Cherokee woman. However, that turned out to be false.

According to tradition, William lived at Indianapolis, Indiana, where he worked as a "freight wagon carrier." He is said to have been drafted into the Union Army at Indianapolis during the Civil War and to have served as a Corporal. (Family tradition says both Colonel and Corporal. The latter is more likely if he was a freighter.) According to the story, he was wounded during the war. His drums and a picture of him are said to be in the Iowa State Museum, but neither the Iowa or Indiana State Museums have any record of him. In fact, his pension application shows that his father's name was George Horne. (Miller)

In 1850 William was living in Murray County, Georgia with his parents. He came to Indiana with his parents between 1850 and 1852. His son George Horn thought William had been born there (1920 Census).

He was in Atchison County, Missouri by 1852. As "William S. Horn, of Atchsion County, Missouri" he purchased 120 acres from the federal government, patent issued 1 October 1852 at the Plattsburg Land Office: the West one-half of the Southeast one-quarter and the Northeast one-quarter of the Southeast one- quarter of Section 28, Township 66 North, Range 42 West, 5th P. M. (BLM Certificate No. 10711).

He was back in Indiana by 1860, when he was enumerated at Van Buren Township in Madison County. He was a blacksmith, age 26, born in North Carolina. He valued his personal property at $40. The only other member of his household was his mother Martha, age 54, born in Virginia. They were living next door to his sister Mary Brindle, and her husband John.

He enlisted at Alexandria, Indiana on 21 September 1861 in Company D, 34th Indiana Infantry, organized on 16 September 1861. He served as a Musician (drummer), reenlisted in 1863 at New Iberia, Louisiana, and was discharged 4 October 1865 due to a disability. The regiment, fought at Jackson, Mississippi; Magnolia Hills, Mississippi on 1 May 1863; Port Gibson, Mississippi on 1 May 1863; Baker's Creek, Mississippi on 16 May 1863; Champion Hills, Mississippi on 16 May 1863; Fort Pillow, Tennessee on 23 May 1863; Vicksburg, Mississippi on 27 May 1863; and Palmetto Ranch, Texas on 13 May 1865. One of the affadavits in support of his pension says that he was 1st Lieutenant of Company D at the time of his discharge.

After the war, in 1868, William married Rachel Roberson, a Confederate sympathizer, in Atchison County. He was not previously married (Pension Application).

Family tradition says that William and Rachel bought a slave Hannah Horn in Baltimore for $5 and raised her from a baby (Miller). However, family tradition seems to have confused the generations. The slave was probably the Hannah Robison, who appears on the 1860 census in the household of William's future father-in-law and who was the same age as William's wife Rachel. Hannah died at the age of 27 and was buried in the family plot at Bush Cemetery in Rock Port, Missouri.

William and Rachel do not appear on the 1870 census, although his brother Lewis was living at Rock Port, Missouri, where we would expect to find William. Rachel's parents were also gone from Atchison County in 1870, but his brother Lewis was there. (Searched Clark and Clay Townships page-by-page.) The families were probably in the area, just missed on the census (the 1880 census shows daughter Martha Horne born about 1871 in Missouri) or pages of the census are missing. However, it is possible they settled elsewhere, perhaps Oklahoma, Iowa, Kansas, or Texas, then later returned to Atchison County.After William died Rachel's pension application said she had lived in Oklahoma for a short period.

As William S. Horn he appears on the 1876 census of Township 64, Range 41 (page 13) directly following the family of his father-in-law Rufus M. Roberson: William S. Horn (white male, 21-45, 1 cattle, 1 hog, 1000 bushels of corn, 450 pounds of tobacco, 25 gallons of molasses), Rachel J. (white female, 21-45), E. Isado (white male, under 10, also 6-18, not able to read and write), Martha (female, 10-18, also 6-18, able to read and write), Mary E. (female, under 10, also 6-18, able to read and write), and George R (male under 10, not able to read and write).

William Horne appears on the 1880 census as a farmer at Clay Township, Atchison County, Missouri, age 47, born in North Carolina to parents both born in South Carolina. His wife Rachel, and children Martha N. (9), Mary A. (6), George R. (4), Lydia R. (2), and Scydmore T. (3 months) also appear in his household. His daughter Isidore was enumerated with William's parents-in-law.

There is no 1890 census. However, William Horne applied for a disability pension as a Civil War veteran on 21 July 1890, giving his address as Rockport, Atchison County, Missouri. After his death, a neighbor swore an affidavit saying he had known William S. Horne "from the time he was a small boy up to the time he enlisted into the Service" and "since we came to Missouri I was acquainted with said soldier up to his death except a short time just before his death he was in Oklahoma Territory."

The Horne's house, which they were renting, burned on 10 March 1896, leaving them destitute. William died a short time after, on 22 October 1896. He is said to have been buried in Bush Cemetery, Rock Port, Missouri (Miller), but no gravestone for him is listed in Delores Harrington's Gone But Not Forgotten, a comprehensive survey of gravestones there. The cemetery, however, contains some unmarked graves.

Sources

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William Steven Horne's Timeline

1831
April 2, 1831
Davie or Davidson Co, North Carolina
1867
1867
Age 35
Clay, Atchison County, Missouri, United States
1869
1869
Age 37
Clay, Atchison County, Missouri, United States
1872
June 29, 1872
Age 41
Clay, Atchison County, Missouri, United States
1873
December 1873
Age 42
Atchison, MO, USA
1876
January 27, 1876
Age 44
Clay, Atchison County, Missouri, United States
1877
November 5, 1877
Age 46
Atchison, MO, USA
1880
February 1880
Age 48
Clay, Atchison County, Missouri, United States
1881
June 21, 1881
Age 50
Clay, Atchison County, Missouri, United States