William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke

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William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke

Also Known As: "William le Mareschal", "the Protector", "William the Marshal", "Guillaume le Maréchal", "Greatest Knight who ever lived"
Birthdate: (73)
Birthplace: Rockley, Marlborough, Wiltshire, England
Death: May 14, 1219 (73)
Caversham, Henley, Oxfordshire, England (Old Age)
Place of Burial: Round Chapel of Knights Temple, London, Middlesex, England
Immediate Family:

Son of John Marshall (I), Marshal of The Horses and Sibilla Marshall, of Salisbury
Husband of Isabel de Clare, heiress of Pembroke
Father of William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke; Richard Marshal, 3rd Earl of Pembroke; Maud Marshal; Gilbert le Marshall, 4th Earl of Pembroke (Knight Templar); Isabel Marshal, Countess of Cornwall and 5 others
Brother of John Marshal, II; Maud FitzJohn Marshall; Anselm FitzJohn Marshall; Henry, Bishop of Exeter and Richard FitzGilbert Mareschall
Half brother of Gilbert FitzJohn, I and Walter FitzJohn Marshal

Managed by: Ofir Friedman
Last Updated:

About William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke

"William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke (1146 or 1147 – 14 May 1219), also called William the Marshal (Norman French: Williame le Mareschal), was an Anglo-Norman soldier and statesman. He served five English kings – The "Young King" Henry, Henry II, Richard I, John, and Henry III.

Knighted in 1166, he spent his younger years as a knight errant and a successful tournament fighter; Stephen Langton eulogized him as the "best knight that ever lived." In 1189, he received the title of Earl of Pembroke through marriage during the second creation of the Pembroke Earldom. In 1216, he was appointed protector for the nine-year-old Henry III, and regent of the kingdom.

Before him, his father's family held an hereditary title of Marshal to the king, which by his father's time had become recognized as a chief or master Marshalcy, involving management over other Marshals and functionaries. William became known as 'the Marshal', although by his time much of the function was actually delegated to more specialized representatives (as happened with other functions in the King's household). Because he was an Earl, and also known as the Marshal, the term "Earl Marshal" was commonly used and this later became an established hereditary title in the English Peerage."

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Wikipedia links:

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other links:

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=4437

http://www.geneall.net/U/per_page.php?id=1009636

http://www.mathematical.com/marshallwilliam1144.html

http://www.medievalgenealogy.org.uk/families/marshal/williammarshal.shtml

http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/printable/18126

http://www.thepeerage.com/p64.htm#i633

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Citations / Sources:

[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume II, page 126. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume X, page 358.

[S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 682. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume X, page 364.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume I, page 22.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume II, page 127.

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 53. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family.

[S37] Charles Mosley, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.

The Golden Grove Books of Pedigrees, book 5 p. C623; book 9 p. G1050 Family History Library (FHL) : FHL microfilms 104,349-104,351

British Genealogy, book 1 p. 49; book 5 p. E53, 69 Family History Library (FHL) : FHL microfilms 104,355 and 104,390 item 2

A History of Monmouthshire from the Coming of the Normans into Wales down to the Present Time, vol. 1 p. 150; vol. 2 p. 256, 257, 258; vol. 3 p. 8; vol Family History Library (FHL) : FHL book 942.43 H2b

Manuel d'Histoire, de Genealogie et de Chronologie de Tous les Etats du Globe, vol. 2 p. 271 Family History Library (FHL) , Book : FHL 929.7 St67m

Heraldic Visitations of Wales and Part of the Marches Between the Years 1586 and 1613, vol. 2 p. 54, 55 Family History Library (FHL) : FHL book 942.9 D23d; FHL microfilm 176,668

Welsh Pedigrees: A Genealogical Account of Several Ancient Families from which William Davies of Cringell was Descended, and which were Allied to him and his Ancestors by the Marriage of David ap Wm., his Grandfather, with Claudia the Daughter of Thomas ap, no page numbers Family History Library (FHL) , microfilm : FHL microfilm 104381 item 8

Genealogy of Shropshire: Microfilm of original records at the Shrewsbury Public Library, vol. 4 p. 1883; vol. 6 p. 2943 Family History Library (FHL) : vol. 1-2 FHL microfilm 504,551; vol.3-4 FHL microfilm 504,552; vol. 5-6 FHL microfilm 504,678; vol. 7-8 FHL microfilm 504,679; vol. 9-10 FHL microfilm 504,680

An official genealogical and heraldic baronage of England: an account of the ancient nobility of this Realm - Duke, Earls, Marquesses, Viscounts, Barons by Patent, Barons by Writ and Barons by Tenure, from the time of the Norman conquest till the close of , chart no. 64 Bigod, Earls of Norfolk, FHL microfilm 170063

Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, Who Came to America Before 1700: the Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants, p. 69 line 66:27 Family History Library (FHL) : FHL book 974 D2w 1992

An historical and genealogical account of the noble family of Nevill, particularly of the house of Abergavenny, and also a history of the old land barony of Abergavenny : with some account of the illustrious family of the Beauchamps, and others, through wh, p. 104 Family History Library (FHL) : 929.242 N416r

The complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant, vol. 10 p. 377 Family History Library (FHL) : 942 D22cok

Medieval, royalty, nobility family group sheets Family History Library (FHL) : FHL film 1553977-1553985

Domesday Descendants, A Prosopography of Persons Occurring in English Documents 1066-1166, II. Pipe Rolls to Cartae Baronum, p. 235 Family History Library (FHL) : 942 D3kk

The Wallop Family and Their Ancestry, vol. 1 p. 99, 131, vol. 2 p. 310 Family History Library (FHL) : FHL book Q 929.242 W159w; FHL microfilm 1696491 items 6-9

Norfolk Archaeology: or, Miscellaneous Tracts Relating to the Antiquities of the County of Norfolk, vol. 6 Hastings Pedigree Family History Library (FHL) : FHL book 942.61 B2a

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William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke's Timeline

1146
May 12, 1146
Rockley, Marlborough, Wiltshire, England

Might have been born in Marlborough Castle.
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Might have been born in Marlborough Castle.

May 12, 1146
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