William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke

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William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke

Also Known As: "William le Mareschal", "the Protector", "William the Marshal", "Guillaume le Maréchal", "Greatest Knight who ever lived"
Birthplace: Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales
Death: Died in Caversham, Oxfordshire, England
Place of Burial: Round Chapel of Knights Temple, London, Middlesex, England
Immediate Family:

Son of John Marshall (I), Marshal of the Horses and Sibilla Marshall, of Salisbury
Husband of Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke
Father of William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke; Richard Marshal, 3rd Earl of Pembroke; Maud Marshal; Gilbert le Marshall, 4th Earl of Pembroke (Knight Templar); Isabel Marshal, Countess of Cornwall and 5 others
Brother of John Marshall, II; Maud FitzJohn Marshall; Anselm FitzJohn Marshall; Henry, Bishop of Exeter and Richard FitzGilbert Mareschall
Half brother of Gilbert FitzJohn and Walter FitzJohn le Marshall

Occupation: Knight and Marshall Of England
Managed by: Ofir Friedman
Last Updated:

About William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke

"William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke (1146 or 1147 – 14 May 1219), also called William the Marshal (Norman French: Williame le Mareschal), was an Anglo-Norman soldier and statesman. He served five English kings – The "Young King" Henry, Henry II, Richard I, John, and Henry III.

Knighted in 1166, he spent his younger years as a knight errant and a successful tournament fighter; Stephen Langton eulogized him as the "best knight that ever lived." In 1189, he received the title of Earl of Pembroke through marriage during the second creation of the Pembroke Earldom. In 1216, he was appointed protector for the nine-year-old Henry III, and regent of the kingdom.

Before him, his father's family held an hereditary title of Marshal to the king, which by his father's time had become recognized as a chief or master Marshalcy, involving management over other Marshals and functionaries. William became known as 'the Marshal', although by his time much of the function was actually delegated to more specialized representatives (as happened with other functions in the King's household). Because he was an Earl, and also known as the Marshal, the term "Earl Marshal" was commonly used and this later became an established hereditary title in the English Peerage."


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Citations / Sources:

[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume II, page 126. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume X, page 358.

[S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 682. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume X, page 364.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume I, page 22.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume II, page 127.

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 53. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family.

[S37] Charles Mosley, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.

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