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American Revolution: Battle of Bennington, August 16, 1777

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  • Col. Enoch Hale (1733 - 1813)
    French and Indian War - American Revolution Enoch Hale was born November 28, 1733 in Rowley MA the son of Moses and Elizabeth (Wheeler) Hale. The Hale family moved from Rowley to Hampstead, NH about ...
  • Capt John Chandler, Sr. (1757 - 1829)
    John Chandler earned the title "Captain" in the Battle of Bennington during the American Revolution. Source: Vermont Historical Gazette, Vol. II, P. 319.
  • Dr Lemuel Chipman (1754 - 1831)
    DAR# A021636 Military: Lemuel Chipman acted as assistant surgeon for the Continental Army at the Battle of Bennington in August 1777. Lemuel Chipman from "Pawlet in 1798, where he became a distingu...
  • Moses Kent (1756 - 1842)
    DAR A 065036, CT. Pvt. Moses Kent 1756-1842 enlisted 1777 as a private in Capt Abraham Underhill's company, Colonel Warner's regiment, at the battle of Bennington. He was born in Suffield Conn died i...
  • James Stark (1757 - 1818)
    DAR Ancestor # A108963 James Stark left home when only fourteen years old, and joined General John Stark. He was made a Captain at the "Boston Tea Party" in 1773, and was with General Stark at the ba...

The Battle of Bennington was a battle of the American Revolutionary War, part of the Saratoga campaign, that took place on August 16, 1777, in Walloomsac, New York, about 10 miles (16 km) from its namesake Bennington, Vermont. A rebel force of 2,000 men, primarily composed of New Hampshire and Massachusetts militiamen, led by General John Stark, and reinforced by men led by Colonel Seth Warner and members of the Green Mountain Boys, decisively defeated a detachment of General John Burgoyne's army led by Lieutenant Colonel Friedrich Baum, and supported by additional men under Lieutenant Colonel Heinrich von Breymann.

Baum's detachment was a mixed force of 700 composed of dismounted Brunswick dragoons, Canadians, Loyalists, and Indians. He was sent by Burgoyne to raid Bennington in the disputed New Hampshire Grants area for horses, draft animals, and other supplies. Believing the town to be only lightly defended, Burgoyne and Baum were unaware that Stark and 1,500 militiamen were stationed there. After a rain-caused standoff, Stark's men enveloped Baum's position, taking many prisoners, and killing Baum. Reinforcements for both sides arrived as Stark and his men were mopping up, and the battle restarted, with Warner and Stark driving away Breymann's reinforcements with heavy casualties.

The battle was a decisive victory[2] for the rebel cause, as it reduced Burgoyne's army in size by almost 1,000 men, led his Indian support to largely abandon him, and deprived him of needed supplies such as cavalry and draft horses and food, all factors that contributed to Burgoyne's eventual surrender at Saratoga. The victory also galvanized colonial support for the independence movement, and played a role in bringing France into the war on the rebel side. The battle anniversary is celebrated in the state of Vermont as Bennington Battle Day.

Wiki Link:

Notes from Wiki:

American and Vermont troops

New Hampshire militia regiments

Hobart's Regiment of Militia 150

Nichols' Regiment of Militia 550

Stickney's Regiment of Militia 150

Langdon's Company of Light Horse Volunteers (number unknown, were infantry at the time)

Additional New Hampshire militia 1,000

Vermont militia regiments

Herrick's Regiment 300

Additional Vermont Rangers 200

Massachusetts militia regiments

Simonds' Regiment of Militia (number unknown)

Continental Regiments

Warner's Additional Continental Regiment (Green Mountain Boys, commanded by Safford) 150