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  • Sanatruq II, king of Hatra (deceased)
    Sanatruq II was the last king of Hatra (an ancient city in nowadays Iraq), ruling from about AD 200 to 240/41. He was the son of king Abdsamiya and is attested by nine inscriptions discovered at Hatra....
  • Abdsamiya, king of Hatra (deceased)
    Abdsamiya was a king of Hatra, an ancient city and kingdom in ancient Mesopotamia (Iraq). He reigned from about AD 180 to 205. Abdsamiya was the son of king Sanatruq I and the father of Sanatruq II. Ab...
  • Sanatruq I, king of Hatra (deceased)
    Sanatruq I was a king of Hatra, an ancient city in nowadays Iraq. He is known from more than 20 inscriptions found at Hatra and reigned from about AD 140 to 180. Only one of his inscription is dated (y...
  • Ibbi-Sin, King of Ur (c.2027 - c.2003)
  • Shu-Sin, King of Ur (c.2036 - c.2028)

Mesopotamia بلاد الرافدين‎ "land of rivers", is a name for the area of the Tigris–Euphrates river system, corresponding to modern-day Iraq, Kuwait, the northeastern section of Syria and to a much lesser extent southeastern Turkey and smaller parts of southwestern Iran.
Widely considered to be "the cradle of civilization" in the West, Bronze Age Mesopotamia included Sumer and the Akkadian, Babylonian, and Assyrian empires, all native to the territory of modern-day Iraq. The name Mesopotamia, Greek for “land between the rivers,” was given the region by Alexander the Great.

List of Rulers of Mesopotamia






  • Naplanum ca. 1961–1940 BC
  • Emisum ca. 1940–1912 BC
  • Samium ca. 1912–1877 BC
  • Zabaia ca. 1877–1868 BC
  • Gungunum ca. 1868–1841 BC
  • Abisare ca. 1841–1830 BC
  • Sumuel ca. 1830–1801 BC
  • Nur-Adad ca. 1801–1785 BC
  • Sin-Iddinam ca. 1785–1778 BC
  • Sin-Eribam ca. 1778–1776 BC
  • Sin-Iqisham ca. 1776–1771 BC
  • Sin-Eribam
  • Silli-Adad ca. 1771–1770 BC
  • Warad-Sin ca. 1770–1758 BC
  • Rim-Sin I ca. 1758–1699 BC




Akkadian Empire