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Top Surnames

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  • Nabopolassar, king of Babylon (c.-658 - -605)
    ID: I62268 Name: Nabopolassar of the Chaldeans Prefix: King Given Name: Nabopolassar Surname: of the Chaldeans Sex: M _UID: 6A0EE6DC53741D4298D0E887874344125788 Change Date: 26 Nov 2005 ...
  • Cyrus II the Great, King of Persia (c.-585 - -529)
    Cyrus the Great, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia According to Plutarch , ( Wikipedia Link ) , his epitaph said, O man, whoever you are and wherever you come from, for I know you will come, I ...
  • Xerxes I 'the Great', king of Persia (c.-519 - c.-465)
    Xerxes I / Xerxes the Great Wikipedia Xerxes I (/ˈzɜːrksiːz/; Old Persian: ΧριΠμρΠ x-š-y-a-r-š-a ( Khashayarsha (help·info) "ruling over heroes", Greek Ξέρξης ksérksɛːs; 518–465 BC), called Xerxes t...
  • Sargon II, king of Assyria (-760 - -705)
    Sargon II (Akkadian Šarru-ukin "he [= the god] made firm the king"; reigned 722 – 705 BC) was an Assyrian king. Sargon II became the ruler of the Assyrian Empire in 722 BC after the death of Shalmanese...
  • Nebuchadnezzar II, king of Babylon (-610 - -562)
    ID: I62266 Name: Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon Prefix: King Given Name: Nebuchadnezzar II Surname: of Babylon Nickname: The Great Sex: M _UID: 7A1F92D974910148950E28725F2BD9F7E989 Change...

Mesopotamia بلاد الرافدين‎ "land of rivers", is a name for the area of the Tigris–Euphrates river system, corresponding to modern-day Iraq, Kuwait, the northeastern section of Syria and to a much lesser extent southeastern Turkey and smaller parts of southwestern Iran.

Widely considered to be "the cradle of civilization" in the West, Bronze Age Mesopotamia included Sumer and the Akkadian, Babylonian, and Assyrian empires, all native to the territory of modern-day Iraq. The name Mesopotamia, Greek for “land between the rivers,” was given the region by Alexander the Great.

List of Rulers of Mesopotamia






  • Naplanum ca. 1961–1940 BC
  • Emisum ca. 1940–1912 BC
  • Samium ca. 1912–1877 BC
  • Zabaia ca. 1877–1868 BC
  • Gungunum ca. 1868–1841 BC
  • Abisare ca. 1841–1830 BC
  • Sumuel ca. 1830–1801 BC
  • Nur-Adad ca. 1801–1785 BC
  • Sin-Iddinam ca. 1785–1778 BC
  • Sin-Eribam ca. 1778–1776 BC
  • Sin-Iqisham ca. 1776–1771 BC
  • Sin-Eribam
  • Silli-Adad ca. 1771–1770 BC
  • Warad-Sin ca. 1770–1758 BC
  • Rim-Sin I ca. 1758–1699 BC




Akkadian Empire