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  • Seumas (James) Mackintosh (b. - 1411)
    The Chief of the Clan. He was killed at the memorable battle of Harlaw in 1411, "The final contest between the Celt and Teuton for Scottish Independence." Ballad: "There was not sin' King Kenneth's day...
  • Burke's Peerage 107th Edition Vol IIIp 3586
    James Mackintosh of Rothiemurcus, 4th Chief of the Clan Shaw (b. - 1411)
    James Mackintosh of Rothiemurcus Peerage #575279,James Mackintosh of Rothiemurcus * Son of Shaw Mcgilchrist Vic Ean Mackintosh and unknown daughter Innis.* Married unknown daughter Grant, daughter of G...
  • Sir Alexander de Forbes, 1st Lord of Forbes (1377 - 1446)
    Records from the Netherlands say the death was in 1448: Name: Alexander Forbes, Gender: m, Birth Place: Forbes (Aberdeenshire) Scotland, Death Date: 1448, Death Place: Aberdeenshire Scotland, Spouse: E...
  • Euphemia I, Countess of Ross (c.1345 - c.1394)
    Euphemia I, Countess of Ross From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia I (d. 1394 x 1398), also called Euphemia of Ross and Euphemia Ross, and sometimes incorrectly styled Euphemia Leslie and Euphemia Stew...
  • Robert Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany (c.1340 - 1420)
    Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany (c. 1340 – 3 September 1420) a member of the Scottish royal house, served as regent (at least partially) to three different Scottish monarchs (Robert II, Robert III, and ...

Battle of Harlaw

Scottish Gaelic: Cath Gairbheach

"Red (Reid) Harlaw"

The battle of Harlaw was a Scottish clan battle fought on 24 July 1411. It was one of a series of battles fought during the Middle Ages between the barons of northeast Scotland against those from the west coast.

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24 July 1411


Inverurie in Aberdeenshire, Scotland.


The casualties on both sides meant that neither side felt it had won the day, but Mar had kept Donald from Aberdeen and for the islanders, the absence of conclusive victory was as bad as defeat.


Aberdonian Gentry (Lowland clans) Loyal to Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany;

  • Strength; several thousands
  • Losses; 600 dead
  • Commanders and leaders

Allies of the Lord of the Isles (Highland clans);

  • Strength; less than 10 000
  • Losses; 900 dead
  • Commanders and leaders


The battle was fought to resolve competing claims to the Earldom of Ross. Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany, Regent of Scotland, had taken control of the earldom as guardian of his niece Euphemia Leslie. This claim was contested by Donald, Lord of the Isles, who had married Euphemia's aunt Mariota. Donald invaded Ross with the intention of seizing the earldom by force.



Many of the casualties were buried at Kinkell Church south of Inverurie.
Suspecting that Donald had retreated to rest and reinforce his troops, Albany gathered an army and marched on Dingwall in the autumn, seizing the castle and regaining control of Ross. In the summer of 1412, he followed up with a three-pronged attack on Donald's possessions, forcing Donald to surrender his claim on Ross, become a vassal of the Scottish crown and give up hostages against his future good behaviour. The treaty was signed at Polgilbe/Polgillip (Loch Gilp), an inlet of Loch Fyne in Argyll.

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