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British Army - The Household Cavalry Regiment

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The Household Cavalry

British Army

Comprising ...

1. The Household Cavalry Regiment (HCR)
2. The Household Cavalry Mounted Regiment (HCMR)

The Household Cavalry was formed in 1992, under the Options for Change reforms, by the union of The Life Guards and the Blues and Royals in order to preserve the distinct identities of the regiments.
The Household Cavalry Composite Regiment was a temporary, wartime only regiment of the British army active in 1882 for service in the Anglo-Egyptian War, in 1889–1900 during the Second Boer War, from August to November, 1914 during the opening months of World War I and in World War II.

Please link profiles of those who served in the Corps listed below to this project regardless of rank, conflict or nationality. People of note can be individually listed in Alphabetical Order below.


The Life Guards
Blues and Royals
The Household Cavalry Regiment (HCR)
The Household Cavalry Mounted Regiment
The Household Cavalry Composite Regiment
1st The Royal Dragoons

See also Regiments and Corps of the British Army

Guards war raised Battalions

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The Household Cavalry


  • Household Cavalry Regiment (HCR)
  • Household Cavalry Mounted Regiment (HCMR)


  • The Life Guards (LG)

The Life Guards are the senior Regiment in the British Army.

  • The Blues and Royals (Royal Horse Guards and 1st Dragoons) (RHG/D)

Seniority over all regiments given to the Horse Guards by a royal warrant of 1666.

The Household Cavalry Composite Regiment and

The Household Cavalry Reserve Regiment


// LG

1.1 - The Life Guards 1928

1.1.1 First Life Guards

Traces its origins to the noble friends of Charles II who accompanied their King during his exile on the continent, and who formed themselves into three Troops of Horse Guards. At the Restoration in 1660 these Troops returned with King Charles and escorted him to London. In January 1661 they were established in the new Standing Army.

// LG1.1.2 Second Life Guards

2nd Troop absorbed into 1st Troop 1746 (see below Timeline)

First and Second Life Guards Timeline

1. 1658 - 1st Horse Guards (His Majesty's Own) raised
2. 1659 - 3rd Horse Guards (Duke of Albemarle's) Troop (Monck's Life Guards) Raised.

... 1670 Renumbered as 2nd Horse Guards (Queen's) Troop

3. 1670 - 2nd (Duke of York's) Troop raised and renumbered as 3rd Horse Guards

These three were known as King's, Queen's and Duke's Troops
1661 - 4th (Scottish) troop of Horse Guards was raised (4th HG)
1678 - Three troops of Horse Guard Grenadiers were raised - 1st, 2nd and 3rd Horse Guard Grenadiers and attached to the corresponding Horse guard group in 1,2 and3 above.
1686 - 4th (Scottish) Horse Guard Grenadiers troop was raised attached to 4th HG troop.
1709 - Amalgamation of 1st, 2nd and 3rd Horse Guard Grenadiers and 4th HGG renamed 2nd HGG
1746 - 2nd and 3rd Horse Guards were disbanded.
1788 - 1st and 2nd Horse Guards were reformed as First Life Guards 6 Aug 1788 (1.1.1)
Also 1788 - 2nd Horse Guards and 2nd Horse Grenadier Guards were reformed as Second Life Guards (1.1.2).

Land Forces - 1st Life Guards (1788-1922) Land Forces - 2nd Life Guards (1788-1922) - Royal Horse Guards (1650-1969)

1.2 - The Blues and Royals 1969

(Royal Horse Guards and 1st Dragoons)

Formed 29th March 1969 by amalgamation of ...
// RHG1.2.1 - The Royal Horse Guards (The Blues) 1877

Raised by Charles II in January 1661 from The Royal Regiment of Horse or Horse Guards - (Colonel Unton Crook's Regiment of Horse of the disbanded Parliamentary Army. Command given to Aubrey, Earl of Oxford, whose blue livery was adopted. Re-formed in 1661 and ranked as 1st Horse.

The Royal Horse Guards Timeline
1650 - Founded during the Cromwellian period as a regiment of Curassiers. Known as Crooks Regiment of Horse. Not part of King's army.
1661 - Taken into Royal Service becoming Earl of Oxford's Regiment. Known as Royal Regiment of Horse or Horse Guards. AKA Oxford Blues
1687 - placed on Household Establishment and ranked 1st Horse until 1747.
1714 - became Royal Regiment of Horse Guards
1875 - became Royal Horse Guards
1891 - became Royal Horse Guards (The Blues)
1914 Badge introduced (1.2.1)

// - 1st The Royal Dragoons 1877

Raised in October 1661 as the Tangier Horse commanded by the Earl of Peterborough and forming the cavalry element of the garrison of tangier. In 1684 the Tangier Horse returned to England and with two freshly raised Troops of Dragoons formed The King's Own Royal Regiment of Dragoons.

1st Royal Dragoons Timeline
1661 - Raised as a troop of veterans. Expanded in the same year - renamed Tangier Horse.
1674 - became 1st of Dragoons
1683 - became King's Own Royal Regiment of Dragoons
1690 - became The Royal regiment of Dragoons
1751 - became 1st (Royal) Regiment of Dragoons
1877 - became 1st (Royal) Dragoons
1921 - named modified - 1st Royal Dragoons (1.2.2)
See BLOG Army Service Numbers

// Blues and Royals (left) and Life Guards (right) at the Order of the Garter ceremony at Windsor Castle

Image The Blues and Royals (left) and Life Guards (right) at the Order of the Garter ceremony at Windsor Castle
Image by Philip Allfrey - Own work, CC BY-SA 2.5, Commons Wiki

Household Cavalry Regiment (HCR)

An Armoured Cavalry regiment of the British Army based at Combermere Barracks in Windsor.

Household Cavalry Mounted Regiment (HCMR)

Comprises ...

The Life Guards (LG)

Motto -Honi Soit Qui Mal y Pense (Evil to him who evil thinks)

Uniform - Scarlet, facings blue

Corps March -

Slow - Anonymous (Attributed to Duchess of Kent) Men of Harlech (Traditional)
Quick - Milanolla (Val Hamm)

Nick-names - None of which are used within the Regiment

The Bangers
The Gallopers
The Tins

The Blues and Royals (Royal Horse Guards and 1st Dragoons) (RHG/D)


Motto - Honi Soit Qui Mal y Pense (Evil to him who evil thinks)

Uniform - Blue, Facings Scarlet. The full dress tunic bears on the left shoulder the 'Waterloo Eagle' badge inherited from The Royal Dragoons.

Corps March -

Slow - Anonymous (Attributed to Duchess of Kent) Men of Harlech (Traditional)
Quick - Grand March from Aida (Verdi); Regimental March of the Royal Dragoons (Blankenburg)

Nickname The Oxford Blues

The Household Cavalry Composite Regiment

The Household Cavalry Reserve Regiment was formed in September 1939 and remained in Home Forces until March 1941 when it was disbanded

...consisting of personnel drawn from the 1st Life Guards, 2nd Life Guards and Royal Horse Guards.

Notable Household Cavalry Personnel

(The Life Guards; The Blues and Royals; Royal Horse Guards (The Blues); The Royal Dragoons) (1st Dragoons); The Household Cavalry Composite Regiment)

Names with Bold links are to Geni profiles. Other links take you to external biographical web pages.
























References, Sources and Further Reading
// this project is in History Link