Start My Family Tree Welcome to Geni, home of the world's largest family tree.
Join Geni to explore your genealogy and family history in the World's Largest Family Tree.

Cardiovascular Diseases - Cardiac (Heart) & Vascular Health Issues

view all


Please add profiles to the specific disease or cause of death if you can.

Heart disease is a word used to describe many different conditions affecting the heart or blood vessels.


1) There are many cardiovascular diseases involving the blood vessels. They are known as vascular diseases:

  • Coronary artery disease (also known as coronary heart disease and ischemic heart disease) also
    • Atherosclerosis – (hardening of the arteries) This condition results from a buildup of plaque on the inside of the arteries, which reduces blood flow to the heart (see: Arteriosclerosis/Atherosclerosis)
    • Arteriosclerosis - the thickening, hardening and loss of elasticity of the walls of arteries
    • Coronary Thrombosis / Occlusion -- blockage by a clot in a coronary artery that can result in a myocardial infarction or death of a part of the heart muscle. It can cause a heart attack.
    • Myocardial infarction commonly known as Heart Attack
  • Peripheral arterial disease – disease of blood vessels that supply blood to the arms and legs
  • Stroke/Cerebrovascular disease (CVA) – disease of blood vessels that supply blood to the brain (includes Stroke)
  • Renal artery stenosis
  • Aneurism - can occur anywhere, but the most common are:
    • Arterial and venous, with arterial being more common.
    • Aortic aneurysm: occurs in the major artery from the heart; namely aortic aneurysms including thoracic aortic aneurysms and abdominal aortic aneurysms
    • Cerebral aneurysm. also known as intracranial or brain aneurysms occurs in the brain, including cerebral aneurysms, berry aneurysms, and Charcot–Bouchard aneurysms. This can cause severe strokes.
    • Popliteal artery aneurysm: occurs in the leg behind the knee
    • Mesenteric artery aneurysm: occurs in the intestine
    • Splenic artery aneurysm: occurs in an artery in the spleen
    • The heart, including coronary artery aneurysms, ventricular aneurysms, aneurysm of sinus of Valsalva, and aneurysms following cardiac surgery.
    • The kidney, including renal artery aneurysm and intraparechymal aneurysms.
    • Capillaries, specifically capillary aneurysms

2) There are also many cardiovascular diseases that involve the heart.

  • Cardiomyopathy – diseases of cardiac muscle – weak heart muscles
  • Hypertensive heart disease – diseases of the heart secondary to high blood pressure or hypertension
  • Heart Failure (congestive heart failure)
  • Pulmonary heart disease – a failure at the right side of the heart with respiratory system involvement
  • Cardiac arrhythmia – abnormalities of heart rhythm (cardiac arrythmias)
  • Inflammatory heart disease
    • Endocarditis – inflammation of the inner layer of the heart, the endocardium. The structures most commonly involved are the heart valves.
    • Inflammatory cardiomegaly
    • Myocarditis – inflammation of the myocardium, the muscular part of the heart.
  • Valvular heart disease
  • Congenital Heart Disease / Defect – heart structure malformations existing at birth
  • Rheumatic Heart Disease / fever – heart muscles and valves damage due to rheumatic fever caused by Streptococcus pyogenes a group A streptococcal infection.


Approximately 600,000 people die from heart disease in the United States every year, according to the Centers for Disease and Control Prevention (CDC). It’s a leading cause of death in both men and women. Coronary artery disease and stroke account for 80% of CVD deaths in males and 75% of CVD deaths in females.[1] Disease onset is typically seven to ten years earlier in men as compared to women.[11]

In 2008, 30% of all global death is attributed to cardiovascular diseases. Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death globally.[1] This is true in all areas of the world except Africa.[1] Together they resulted in 17.3 million deaths (31.5%) in 2013 up from 12.3 million (25.8%) in 1990.[2] Deaths, at a given age, from CVD are more common and have been increasing in much of the developing world, while rates have declined in most of the developed world since the 1970s.[8][9] Most cardiovascular disease affects older adults. In the United States 11% of people between 20 and 40 have CVD, while 37% between 40 and 60, 71% of people between 60 and 80, and 85% of people over 80 have CVD.[10] The average age of death from coronary artery disease in the developed world is around 80 while it is around 68 in the developing world.[8]

See the following for Additional Reading:

jump back to Cause of death portal

this project is in HistoryLink