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Chancellor (China)

Wikipedia

The chancellor (Chinese: 宰相, zǎixiàng; 丞相, chéngxiàng) – also translated chief councillor and prime minister – was the highest-ranking official in the imperial government in ancient China. The chancellor can also refer to a specific post in the imperial government, which was first officially instituted in Qin dynasty (221–206 BC) as the "head of all civil service officials". The term was known by many different names throughout Chinese history, and the exact extent of the powers associated with the position fluctuated greatly even during a particular dynasty.

List of chancellors of China

This list is incomplete:

List of chancellors of Shang dynasty:

  • Yi Yin伊尹
  • Zhong Hui 仲虺
  • Yi Zhi伊陟
  • Wu Xian 巫咸
  • Gan Xuan甘盤
  • Fu Yue傅說
  • Ji Zi 箕子

Zhou dynasty

  • Jiang Ziya
  • Duke of Zhou
  • Duke Huan of Zheng
  • Duke Zhuang of Zheng
  • Guan Zhong of Qi State (died in 645 BC)
  • Bao Shuya of Qi State
  • Yan Ying of Qi State
  • Wu Zixu of Wu State
  • Bo Pi of Wu State
  • Cheng Dechen of Chu State
  • Sunshu Ao of Chu State
  • Wu Qi of Chu State
  • Lord Chunshen of Chu State
  • Lord Mengchang of Qi State
  • Tian Dan of Qi State
  • Li Kui (legalist) of Wei State
  • Hui Shi of Wei State
  • Lin Xiangru of Zhao State
  • Su Qin of Yan State
  • Yue Yi of Yan State
  • Baili Xi of Qin State
  • Shang Yang of Qin State
  • Zhang Yi (Warring States period) of Qin State

List of chancellors of Qin dynasty since 251 BC

  • Lü Buwei
  • Li Si
  • Zhao Gao

Han dynasty

  • Xiao He (206 BC–193 BC in office)
  • Cao Shen (193 BC–190 BC in office)
  • Chen Ping (190 BC–179 BC in office)
  • Zhou Bo
  • Guan Ying
  • Zhou Yafu
  • Huo Guang
  • Shi Dan 史丹 (see Emperor Yuan of Han)
  • Wang Mang
  • Liu Yan (Bosheng)
  • Deng Yu (25–27 in office)
  • Wu Han (Han dynasty)
  • Yuan An
  • Dou Xian
  • Li Gu (Han dynasty)
  • Liang Ji
  • Dou Wu
  • Chen Fan
  • Qiao Xuan
  • Cao Song
  • Zhang Wen (Han dynasty)
  • Liu Yu (warlord)
  • Dong Zhuo
  • He Jin
  • Wang Yun (Eastern Han)
  • Ma Midi
  • Xun Shuang
  • Huangfu Song
  • Zhu Jun (Han dynasty)
  • Cao Cao (July 9, 208 – March 15, 220 in office)
  • Cao Pi

Three Kingdoms

  • Sun Shao (221–225 of Eastern Wu)
  • Gu Yong (225–243 of Eastern Wu)
  • Lu Xun (244–245 of Eastern Wu)
  • Bu Zhi (246–247 of Eastern Wu)
  • Zhu Ju (249–250 of Eastern Wu)
  • Sun Jun (253–256 of Eastern Wu)
  • Sun Chen (258 of Eastern Wu)
  • Puyang Xing (262–264 of Eastern Wu)
  • Zhang Ti (279–280 of Eastern Wu)
  • Zhuge Liang (221–234 of Shu Han)
  • Jiang Wan (of Shu Han)
  • Fei Yi (of Shu Han)
  • Dong Yun (of Shu Han)
  • Jiang Wei (of Shu Han)
  • Dong Jue (of Shu Han)
  • Fan Jian (of Shu Han)
  • Zhuge Zhan (of Shu Han)
  • Jia Xu (of Cao Wei)
  • Hua Xin (of Cao Wei)
  • Zhong Yao (of Cao Wei)
  • Wang Lang (of Cao Wei)
  • Chen Qun (of Cao Wei)
  • Dong Zhao (Three Kingdoms) (of Cao Wei)
  • Cui Lin (of Cao Wei)
  • Man Chong (of Cao Wei)
  • Jiang Ji (of Cao Wei)
  • Cao Shuang (of Cao Wei)
  • Sima Yi (of Cao Wei)
  • Gao Rou (of Cao Wei)
  • Wang Ling (Three Kingdoms) (of Cao Wei)
  • Zhuge Dan (of Cao Wei)
  • Sun Li (general) (of Cao Wei)
  • Sima Shi (of Cao Wei)
  • Sima Zhao (of Cao Wei)
  • Sima Fu (of Cao Wei)
  • Wang Chang (Three Kingdoms) (of Cao Wei)
  • Wang Guan (Cao Wei) (of Cao Wei)
  • Deng Ai (of Cao Wei)
  • Zhong Hui (of Cao Wei)
  • Sima Yan (of Cao Wei)
  • Wang Xiang (of Cao Wei)
  • Sima Wang (of Cao Wei)

Sui dynasty

  • Gao Jiong
  • Li Delin
  • Su Wei (politician)
  • Yang Su
  • Yang Guang
  • Yang Xiu (Sui dynasty)
  • Yang Zhao
  • Yang Jian (Sui prince)
  • Xiao Cong
  • Yuwen Shu
  • Yu Shiji
  • Li Yuan
  • Yuwen Huaji
  • Wang Shichong
  • Li Mi (Sui dynasty)

Tang dynasty

  • Fang Xuanling (626–648 in office)
  • Wei Zheng (629–643 in office)
  • Di Renjie (691–693, 697–700 in office)
  • Yao Chong (698–705, 710–711, 713–716 in office)
  • Zhang Jiuling (733–736 in office)
  • Li Linfu (734–752 in office)
  • Yang Guozhong (752–756 in office)
  • Wang Wei (758–759 in office)
  • Li Deyu (833–835, 840–846 in office)

Song dynasty

  • Zhao Pu (964–973, 981–983, 988–992 in office)
  • Kou Zhun (1004–1006, 1017–1021 in office)
  • Fan Zhongyan (1040–1045 in office)
  • Wang Anshi (1070–1075, 1076–1085 in office)
  • Sima Guang (1085–1086 in office)
  • Zhang Dun (1094–1100 in office)
  • Cai Jing (1101–1125 in office)
  • Li Gang (1127 in office)
  • Zhang Jun (1135–1137 in office)
  • Qin Hui (1137–1155 in office)
  • Han Tuozhou 韩侂胄
  • Shi Miyuan/Shih Mi-yüan 史彌遠 (1164–1233, served 1208–33).
  • Jia Sidao (in office 1259–75)
  • Chen Yizhong 陳宜中 vs Wen Tianxiang (1236–1283)
  • Lu Xiufu

Ming dynasty

  • Li Shanchang
  • Hu Weiyong (?–1380) – The last chancellor of China
  • Yang Siqi
  • Yan Song (in office 1544–1545)
  • Xia Yan (in office 1546–1547)
  • Yan Song (2nd time in office 1548–1562)
  • Xu Jie
  • Gao Gong
  • Zhang Juzheng (in office 1572–1582)
  • Zhang Siwei

春秋 戰國 秦 漢

丞相

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