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  • 1st and last Baron Robins Thomas Ellis Robins, KBE, DSO (1884 - 1962)
    Thomas attended University of Pennsylvania in 1904. Thomas filed to become a naturalized British citizen on May 04, 1912. (Thomas) Ellis Robins, 1st Baron Robins KBE, DSO (31 October 1884 – 21 July...
  • Samuel Carlyon (1888 - 1915)
    CARLYON, SAMUEL Rank: Sapper Service No: 4/911A Date of Death: 01/06/1915 Age: 26 Regiment/Service: New Zealand Engineers Grave Reference: II. E. 6. Cemetery: SHRAPNEL VALLEY CEMETERY ...
  • Rupert Alfred Chawner Brooke (1887 - 1915)
    Rupert Chawner Brooke (middle name sometimes given as Chaucer) (3 August 1887 – 23 April 1915) was an English poet known for his idealistic war sonnets written during the First World War, especially Th...
  • Stephen Radcliffe Archer (1891 - 1915)
    ARCHER, STEPHEN RADCLIFFE Rank: Lance Corporal Service No: 7/509 Date of Death: 22/06/1915 Age: 23 Regiment/Service: Canterbury Mounted Rifles, N.Z.E.F. Grave Reference: I. A. 1. Cemete...
  • Major General George Spafford Richardson, KBE, CB, CMG (1868 - 1938)
    Major General Sir George Spafford Richardson KBE, CB, CMG (14 November 1868 – 11 June 1938) was a senior officer in the New Zealand Military Forces. Born in 1868, Richardson originally served with th...

Gallipoli Campaign

The Gallipoli Campaign, also known as the Dardanelles Campaign or the Battle of Gallipoli or the Battle of Çanakkale (Turkish: Çanakkale Savaşı), took place at the peninsula of Gallipoli in the Ottoman Empire (now Gelibolu in modern day Turkey) between 25 April 1915 and 9 January 1916, during the First World War. A joint British and French operation was mounted to capture the Ottoman capital of Istanbul (then still referred to as 'Constantinople' by Western nations) and secure a sea route to Russia. The attempt failed, with heavy casualties on both sides. The campaign was considered one of the greatest victories of the Turks and was reflected on as a major failure by the Allies.

The Gallipoli campaign resonated profoundly among all nations involved. In Turkey, the battle is perceived as a defining moment in the history of the Turkish people—a final surge in the defence of the motherland as the aging Ottoman Empire was crumbling. The struggle laid the grounds for the Turkish War of Independence and the foundation of the Republic of Turkey eight years later under Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, himself a commander at Gallipoli.

The campaign was the first major battle undertaken by the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC), and is often considered to mark the birth of national consciousness in both of these countries. Anzac Day, 25 April, remains the most significant commemoration of military casualties and veterans in Australia and New Zealand, surpassing Armistice Day/Remembrance Day.

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