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  • Henry Thomas Chipper (1893 - 1915)
    Biography by Debbie McCauley: Henry Thomas Chipper was killed in action at Gallipoli on 7 August 1915. He was my second great uncle's brother - Debbie McCauley Henry Thomas Chipper was born at Kata...
  • Alicia Mary Kelly, Nursing Sister (1874 - 1942)
    Biography of Alicia Mary Kelly by Debbie McCauley: Alicia Mary Kelly nursed hundreds of wounded from Gallipoli. While nursing at the No. 3 Australian Casualty Clearing Station (3ACCS) in Ypres she re...
  • Brigadier Arthur Seaforth Blackburn, VC, CMG, CBE, ED (1892 - 1960)
    Brigadier Arthur Seaforth Blackburn, VC, CMG, CBE, ED (25 November 1892 – 24 November 1960) was a South Australian soldier, lawyer, politician, and an Australian recipient of the Victoria Cros...
  • Colonel Thomas James Comerford (1894 - 1959)
    (Colonel) Thomas James Comerford (1894-1959). He was born on 1 November 1894 and raised in Co Wexford and Co Waterford. He was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the Royal Irish Regiment in Septemb...
  • James Leitch (c.1891 - d.)
    Private James Leitch, " D"Company, 1/4th ( Border ) Battalion, Kings Own Scottish Borderers. He was killed at Gallipoli during the "Charge" on 12th July 1915 on the Turkish trenches at Achi Baba Nullah...

Gallipoli Campaign

The Gallipoli Campaign, also known as the Dardanelles Campaign or the Battle of Gallipoli or the Battle of Çanakkale (Turkish: Çanakkale Savaşı), took place at the peninsula of Gallipoli in the Ottoman Empire (now Gelibolu in modern day Turkey) between 25 April 1915 and 9 January 1916, during the First World War. A joint British and French operation was mounted to capture the Ottoman capital of Istanbul (then still referred to as 'Constantinople' by Western nations) and secure a sea route to Russia. The attempt failed, with heavy casualties on both sides. The campaign was considered one of the greatest victories of the Turks and was reflected on as a major failure by the Allies.

The Gallipoli campaign resonated profoundly among all nations involved. In Turkey, the battle is perceived as a defining moment in the history of the Turkish people—a final surge in the defence of the motherland as the aging Ottoman Empire was crumbling. The struggle laid the grounds for the Turkish War of Independence and the foundation of the Republic of Turkey eight years later under Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, himself a commander at Gallipoli.

The campaign was the first major battle undertaken by the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC), and is often considered to mark the birth of national consciousness in both of these countries. Anzac Day, 25 April, remains the most significant commemoration of military casualties and veterans in Australia and New Zealand, surpassing Armistice Day/Remembrance Day.

References and Links