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  • Corporal Andrew Charles Haua (1890 - 1915)
    Andrew Charles Haua was born in Tauranga during June 1890. His parents were Andrew and Edith Elenor Haua. At some stage Andrew and his mother Edith moved to Australia, settlling at 249 Church Street ...
  • Kenneth Wrigley Commons (1894 - 1915)
    Kenneth Wrigley Commons was born in Tauranga on 19 September 1894 (reg. 1894/12398). His parents were William McKenzie and Catherine Sarah Commons (nee Wrigley) who married in 1881 (reg. 1881/224). His...
  • Lance Corporal George Reeve Bettelheim (1889 - 1918)
    Rank: Lance Corporal Service No:13/302 Date of Death: 26/04/1918 Regiment/Service: Auckland Mounted Rifles, N.Z.E.F. Grave Reference: Cemetery: TAURANGA PUBLIC ANGLICAN CEMETERY Additional ...
  • Captain Vernon Frederick Piesse (1890 - 1915)
    Vernon Piesse was born on 23 August 1889, the son of Charles Austin and Amelia Piesse from Wagin. His father died in July 1914 and was buried at Wagin. Vernon attended the School from 1904 to 1906 ...
  • Reginald George Smith (1888 - 1918)
    Reginald George Smith was born in Petersham, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia in 1888 to William Henry and Eliza Smith (nee Birkett). He worked as a carpenter. At age 27 Reginald joined up for World ...

Gallipoli Campaign

The Gallipoli Campaign, also known as the Dardanelles Campaign or the Battle of Gallipoli or the Battle of Çanakkale (Turkish: Çanakkale Savaşı), took place at the peninsula of Gallipoli in the Ottoman Empire (now Gelibolu in modern day Turkey) between 25 April 1915 and 9 January 1916, during the First World War. A joint British and French operation was mounted to capture the Ottoman capital of Istanbul (then still referred to as 'Constantinople' by Western nations) and secure a sea route to Russia. The attempt failed, with heavy casualties on both sides. The campaign was considered one of the greatest victories of the Turks and was reflected on as a major failure by the Allies.

The Gallipoli campaign resonated profoundly among all nations involved. In Turkey, the battle is perceived as a defining moment in the history of the Turkish people—a final surge in the defence of the motherland as the aging Ottoman Empire was crumbling. The struggle laid the grounds for the Turkish War of Independence and the foundation of the Republic of Turkey eight years later under Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, himself a commander at Gallipoli.

The campaign was the first major battle undertaken by the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC), and is often considered to mark the birth of national consciousness in both of these countries. Anzac Day, 25 April, remains the most significant commemoration of military casualties and veterans in Australia and New Zealand, surpassing Armistice Day/Remembrance Day.

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