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Grand Army of the Republic

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  • Lieut.(USA), Arnold Adam Plumer, Jr. (1839 - 1904)
    Banker (census 1900) "He was educated in the Franklin Academy and in Jefferson College, Canonsburg, PA, later merged into Washington and Jefferson College, of Washington, PA. When the Civil war broke...
  • Surgeon (USA) James Sykes Ely (1832 - 1914)
    Civil War Veteran Affiliation: Union Rank: Asst. Surgeon, Surgeon, Capt. (bervet) Co.: G Regt.: 188th Ohio Vol. Co.: F&S Regt.: 126th From: Centennial History of Belmont County, Ohio and ...
  • Henry Lyster (1806 - 1889)
    Masonic emblem on grave stone. Note: Died at age ~83 years. Civil War Union Veteran. Member GAR. Source: Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War, Dept. of California and Pacific Reference: Find A...
  • Everett B. Messenger (1845 - 1909)
    EVERETT MESSENGER was born June 20, 1845, a native of Big Island Township, and the son of Newton and Patience Messenger. He remained at home until the war, when he enlisted, in March, 1861, in Company ...
  • William Franklin Baldwin (1846 - 1892)
    In 1864, when about eighteen years old, he enlisted in the Union army, in which he served about one hundred days as a private, being on active duty at the seat of war. Politically he was a strong Repub...

The "Grand Army of the Republic" (G.A.R.) was a fraternal organization composed of veterans of the Union Army (United States Army), Union Navy (U.S. Navy), Marines and the U.S. Revenue Cutter Service who served in the American Civil War for the Northern/Federal forces. Founded in 1866 in Decatur, Illinois, and growing to include hundreds of posts (local community units) across the nation, (predominately in the North, but also a few in the South and West), it was dissolved in 1956 when its last member, Albert Woolson (1850–1956) of Duluth, Minnesota, died. Linking men through their experience of the war, the G.A.R. became among the first organized advocacy groups in American politics, supporting voting rights for black veterans, promoting patriotic education, help to make Memorial Day a national holiday, lobbying the United States Congress to establish regular veterans' pensions, and supporting Republican political candidates. Its peak membership, at more than 490,000, was in 1890, a high point of various Civil War commemorative and monument dedication ceremonies. It was succeeded by the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War (S.U.V.C.W.), composed of male descendants of Union Army and Union Navy veterans.