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Historic Bailiwick of Guernsey

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Historic Guernsey

Image right - Coat of Arms of Guernsey by Fvasconcellos Public Domain, Wiki Commons

History of Guernsey

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The purpose of this project is to give a historic background to Guernsey, to provide information about those individuals of Historic importance linked to the county and to add links to any profiles of significant people linked to Guernsey who have profiles on GENi.

See also Guernsey Main Page

Battles

Castles

Guernsey

  • Castle Cornet
  • Fort Doyle
  • Fort George
  • Fort Grey
  • Fort Le Marchant
  • Fort Pembroke
  • Fort Richmond, Guernsey
  • Fort Saumarez
  • Fort Hommet
  • Vale Castle
  • Fort Duquemin
  • Bréhon Tower
  • Fort Grandes Rocques

Alderney

  • Château à L'Etoc
  • Essex Castle
  • Fort Albert
  • Fort Clonque
  • Fort Corblets
  • Fort Doyle
  • Fort Grosnez
  • Fort Homeaux Florains
  • Fort Houmet Herbe
  • Fort Platte Saline
  • Fort Quesnard
  • Fort Raz
  • Fort Tourgis

History - over view

Timeline

http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Guernsey.html

Pre-history

10th Century

  • 933 - Part of Duchy of Normandy

12th Century

  • 8 Feb 1198 - 1487 - Lordship of the Isles (Guernsey, Jersey, Alderney, Brechou, Herm, Jethou and Sark) within Duchy of Normandy (nominally after 1204).

13th Century

  • Jun 1204 - English fiefdom.
  • 1204 - Sep 1205 - French occupation.
  • Dec 1205 - Apr 1206 - French occupation.
  • 4 Dec 1259 - English possession of Channel Islands confirmed by Treaty of Paris.
  • 1279 - Bailiwick of Guernsey (including Alderney, Sark, Herm, Jethou and Brechou).
  • 1295 - Devastating French raid on Guernsey.

14th Century

  • 8 Sep 1338 - 29 Oct 1340 - French occupation (in Castle Cornet to 17 Aug 1345)
  • 34 Oct 1360 - Channel Islands no longer under the suzerainty of the King of France, by Treaty of Calais.
  • Jun 1372 - 1373 - French occupation under Owen of Wales.

15th Century

17th Century

  • 4 Mar 1643 - Guernsey declares for Parliament during the English Civil War; Royalist forces control Castle Cornet until 17 Dec 1651.
  • 19 May 1649 - 8 May 1660 Guernsey part of the Commonwealth of England.

20th Century

  • 1 Jul 1940 - 9 May 1945 German occupation (Britische Kanalinseln), subordinated to occupied France (see Jersey for central Channel Islands administration).
  • 12 May 1945 - 25 Aug 1945 British military administration.

Guernsey has no political parties with all representatives being elected as non-partisans.

Chief Ministers of Guernsey

The Chief Minister of Guernsey chairs the Policy Council, which consists of the heads of each of the ten departments of the States of Guernsey. This post was created following the Machinery of Government review which came into effect 1 May 2004.

  • Laurie Morgan 1 May 2004 - 5 March 2007
  • Mike Torode 5 March 2007 - 1 May 2008
  • Lyndon Trott 1 May 2008 - 1 May 2012
  • Peter Harwood 1 May 2012 - 12 March 2014
  • Jonathan Le Tocq 12 March 2014 Incumbent

Governors of Guernsey

The role of Governor of Guernsey was abolished in 1835. Since then, only Lieutenant-Governors have been appointed (see Lieutenant Governor of Guernsey below).

15th century

  • Duarte Brandão, (1482-1485)
  • Edward Weston, (1486-1509)

16th century

17th century

18th century

19th century

Lieutenant Governors of Guernsey.

The Lieutenant Governor is the representative of "the Crown in right of the république of the Bailiwick of Guernsey". The official residence of the Lieutenant Governor is Government House, Queens Road, St Peter Port. Since 15 April 2011, the incumbent is Peter Walker.

Serving under Governor of Guernsey:

  • 1770 - Lt-Col. Paulus Aemilius Irving
  • 1784 - Lt-Col. William Brown
  • 1793 - Maj-Gen. Thomas Dundas
  • 1793 - Col. James Henry Craig
  • 1793 - Maj-Gen. John Small
  • 1796 - Lt-Gen. Sir Hew Whitefoord Dalrymple
  • 1803 - Maj-Gen. Sir John Doyle, Bt, GCB, KC
  • 1816 - Maj-Gen. Henry Bayly
  • 1821 - Maj-Gen. Sir John Colborne, KCB
  • 1828 - Maj-Gen. John Ross Lieutenant Governor and Colonel on Staff:
  • 1837 - Gen. Sir James Douglas, KCB
  • 1842 - Maj-Gen. Sir William Francis Patrick Napier, KCB
  • 1848 - Lt-Gen. Sir John Bell, KCB
  • 1854 - Lt-Gen. William Thomas Knollys
  • 1856 - Lt-Gen. Sir George Judd Harding, KCB
  • 1859 -Maj-Gen. Marcus John Slade
  • 1864 - Maj-Gen. Charles Rochfort Scott
  • 1869 - Lt-Gen. Edward Charles Frome
  • 1874 - Lt-Gen. Hon. St George Gerald Foley, CB
  • 1879 - Maj-Gen. Alexander Abercromby Nelson, CB
  • 1883 - Maj-Gen. Henry Andrew Sarel, CB
  • 1885 - Lt-Gen. John Henry Ford Elkington, CB
  • 1889 - Gen. Sir Edward Gascoyne Bulwer, KCB Lieutenant Governor and Commanding the Troops:
  • 1894 - Lt-Gen. Nathaniel Stevenson
  • 1899 - Maj-Gen. Michael Henry Saward
  • 1903 - Maj-Gen. Barrington Bulkeley Douglas Campbell, CVO, CB
  • 1908 - Maj-Gen. Robert Auld, CB
  • 1911 - Maj-Gen. Sir Edward Owen Fisher Hamilton, KCB
  • 1914 - Maj-Gen. Sir Henry Merrick Lawson, KCB
  • 1914 - Gen. Sir Reginald Clare Hart VC, GCB, KCVO
  • 1918 - Lt-Gen. Sir Launcelot Edward Kiggell, KCB, KCMG
  • 1920 - Maj-Gen. Sir John Edward Capper, KCB, KCVO
  • 1925 - Maj-Gen. Sir Charles Sackville-West, KBE, CB, CMG
  • 1929 - Maj-Gen. Lord Ruthven of Freeland, CB, CMG, DSO
  • 1934 - Maj-Gen. Sir Edward Nicholson Broadbent, KBE, CB, CMG, DSO
  • 1939 - Maj-Gen. Alexander Telfer-Smollett, CB, CBE, DSO, MC
  • 1940 - Maj-Gen. John Minshull-Ford, CB, DSO, MC (7 to 20 June 1940)
  • 1940-1945 - German Occupation of the Channel Islands - post vacated as part of demilitarisation of the island
  • Head of the British Military Government: 1945 Rear-Adm. Charles Gage Stuart, DSO, DSC
  • Lieutenant Governor and Commander-in-Chief: 1945 Lt-Gen. Sir Philip Neame, VC, KBE, CB, DSO
  • 1953 - Air Marshal Sir Thomas Elmhirst, KBE, CB, AFC
  • 1958 - Vice-Adm. Sir Geoffrey Robson, KBE, CB, DSO, DSC
  • 1964 - Lt-Gen. Sir Charles Coleman, KCB, CMG, DSO, OBE
  • 1969 - Vice-Adm. Sir Charles Mills, KCB, CBE, DSC
  • 1974 - Vice-Adm. Sir John Edward Ludgate Martin, KCB, DSC
  • 1980 - Air Chief Marshal Sir Peter de Lacey Le Cheminant, GBE, KCB, DFC
  • 1985 - Lt-Gen. Sir Alexander Boswell, KCB, CBE
  • 1990 - Lt-Gen. Sir Michael Compton Lockwood Wilkins, KCB, OBE
  • 1994 - Vice-Adm. Sir John Francis Coward, KCB, DSO
  • 2000 - Lt-Gen. Sir John Paul Foley, KCB, OBE, MC
  • 2005 - Vice-Adm. Sir Fabian Malbon, KBE
  • 15 April 2011 - Air Marshal Peter Walker, CB, CBE

Bailiffs of Guernsey

The Bailiff is the first civil officer in the Bailiwick of Guernsey, serving as president of the legislature and the Royal Court. The Bailiff is appointed by the Crown, and generally holds office until retirement age (65). He presides at the Royal Court, and takes the opinions of the Jurats, elected lay judges; he also presides over the States, and represents the Crown in all civil matters.

13th century

  • Hugh de Trubleville, (1270-1277)
  • Guillaume de St Remi, (1278-1281)
  • Renault de Ashwell, (1282-1287)
  • Guillaume de St Remi, (1288-1291)
  • Guillaume de St Remi, (1292-1296)
  • Sir Nicholas de Cheney, (1297)
  • Pierre Le Marchant, (1298)
  • Radulphus de Gand, (1299)

14th century

  • Robert Comberwell, (1300)
  • Radulph de Haverland, (1301)
  • John de Newent, (1302)
  • Radulphus Gaultier, (1303)
  • Pierre Le Marchant, (1304)
  • Massey de la Court, (1305-1309)
  • James de Vinchelez, (1310)
  • Robert Le Gay, (1311-1312)
  • Gaultier de la Hogue, (1313-1314)
  • Massey de la Court, (1315-1316)
  • Pierre Le Marchant, (1317)
  • Massey de la Court, (1318)
  • Robert Le Gay, (1319)
  • Radulphus Gaultier, (1320)
  • John Le Marchant, (1321)
  • James de Vinchelez, (1322)
  • William Le Petit, (1323)
  • Guillaume de Souslemont, (1324)
  • William Le Petit, (1325)
  • Pierre de Garis, (1326)
  • Henry de St Martin, (1327)
  • Radulphus Le Gay, (1328)
  • Radulphus Cokerel, (1329)
  • Geoffrey de la Hogue, (1330)
  • Thomas d'Esterfield, (1331)
  • Radulphus Le Gay, (1332-1339)
  • Jean de la Lande (1340-1346)
  • Jean de la Lande (1347-1356)
  • John Le Marchant (1357-1383)
  • John Nicholas (1384-1386)
  • Gervais de Clermont (1387-1411)

15th century

  • James Cocquerel (1412-1432)
  • Thomas de la Court (1433-1445)
  • John Henry (1446-1447)
  • Guillaume Cartier (1447-1465)
  • Thomas de la Court (1466-1469)
  • Pierre de Beauvoir (1470-1479)
  • Edmund de Cheney (1480-1481)
  • Nicholas Fouaschin (1481-1482)
  • John Blondel (1483-1498)
  • John Martin (1499-1510)

16th century

  • James Guille (1511-1537)
  • Thomas Compton (1538-1544)
  • John Haryvell (1545-1549)
  • Hellier Gosselin (1549-1562)
  • Thomas Compton (1562-1570)
  • Guillaume de Beauvoir (1571-1581)
  • Thomas Wigmore (1581-1588)
  • Louis de Vic (1588-1600)

17th century

  • Amice de Carteret (1601-1631)
  • Jean de Quetteville (1631-1643)
  • Pierre de Beauvoir (1644-1651,1652-1653,1656-1660)
  • Amias Andros (1661-1674)
  • Edmund Andros (1674-1713)

18th century

  • Jean de Sausmarez (1714-1728)
  • Josué Le Marchant (1728-1751)
  • Eleazar Le Marchant (1752-1758)
  • Samuel Bonamy (1758-1771)
  • William Le Marchant (1771-1800)

19th century

  • Robert Porrett Le Marchant (1800-1810)
  • Peter De Havilland (1810-1821)
  • Daniel De Lisle Brock (1821-1843)
  • Jean Guille (1843-1845)
  • Peter Stafford Carey (1845-1883)
  • John de Havilland Utermarck (1883-1884)
  • Edgar McCulloch (1884-1895)
  • Sir Thomas Godfrey Carey Kt., LL.D., (1895-1902) married Eliza de Sausmarez Grassic, daughter of Thomas Ritchie Grassic, of Halifax, N.S. January 22nd, 1901. He served as Attorney- General of Guernsey, Bailiff of Guernsey, and President of the States of Guernsey . 20th century
  • Henry Alexander Giffard (1902-1908)[2][3]
  • William Carey (1908-1915)
  • Edward Chepmell Ozanne (1915-1922)
  • Havilland Walter de Sausmarez (1922-1929)
  • Arthur William Bell (1929-1935)
  • Victor Gosselin Carey (1935-1946)
  • Ambrose Sherwill (1946-1959)
  • William Arnold (1959-1973)
  • John Loveridge (1973-1982)
  • Charles Frossard (1982-1992)
  • Graham Martyn Dorey (1992-1999)
  • de Vic Carey (1999-2005)

21st century

  • Geoffrey Rowland (2005-2012)
  • Richard Collas (2012-present)

The States of Deliberation

The States of Guernsey, officially called the States of Deliberation, consists of 45 People's Deputies, elected from multi-member districts every four years. There are also two representatives from Alderney, a self-governing dependency of the Bailiwick, but Sark sends no representative. There are also two non-voting members - HM Procureur and HM Comptroller, appointed by the Crown.

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