Start My Family Tree Welcome to Geni, home of the world's largest family tree.
Join Geni to explore your genealogy and family history in the World's Largest Family Tree.

Historical Look At Italian Families

view all


  • Vincenza Costa (1924 - 2012)
  • Anna Maria Mussolini (1929 - 1968)
    Obizzo Andrea Visconti, signore di Massino, Albizzate e Besnate (c.1200 - c.1266)
    - . OBIZZO Visconti (-after 1258). The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. m FIORINA Mandelli, daughter of RUFFINO Mandelli & his wife Aldesia Pietrasanta. The prim...
  • Pope Gregory X (c.1210 - 1276)
    NOTA BENE not to be confused with homonyms: a Theobaldo or Teobaldo Visconti , born about 1227, depending on sources, and also deceased in 1276 seems to be more likely the father of Matteo, father of S...
  • Anastasia Visconti (c.1230 - 1276)
    Birth date estimated, depending on various sources, as anywhere c1225 to 1235). Her marriage date is c1248 to c1250.Parents of Anastasia Pirovano not certain, although many sources state that the Archb...

Welcome to the Geni Italian Portal


Genetic Testing (includes ancestry)


Media & Virtual Tours

Sistine Chapel Virtual Tour

If you are Italian, I would love for you to be a part of this project. Regardless of where you are in the world. I am collecting data on the Italian population hopefully as an invaluable resource for other Italians.

Please join this project!

Also, if you know of other Italian projects (I searched and could not find any specific to Italian families) please let me/them know so we may join together for collaboration.

- Sarah

Notable Italians



Concordia Language Villages

Local Organizations/Events

Society of Italian Americans - Des Moines

Italian American Heritage Festival of Iowa

Jewish Italy

Italian Jewish Genealogy

Resources on Italian Jewish Genealogy

Jewish Historical Timeline - Italy

Primo Levi Academic Center Wikipedia - History of Jews in Italy

Jewish Italy

Families with Italian Roots

Lunardi, Leonardi, Leonardy, Lionardi, Lleonardi, Lleonard, Leonard

The Leonardi Surname

In church and civil documents, in Italy, Menorca, and in Florida, the Leonardi name can be found with a variety of spellings: Leonardi, Leonardy, Lionardi, Lleonardi, Lleonard, Lunardi, and other variants.

The surname appears most often as Lunardi in Catholic Church documents from Gragnanella, Italy. Prior to the 1800s, the name is usually Leonardi or Lunardi on church and civil documents, and sometimes both spellings appear even within a single document.

Roque and his siblings were baptized in Gragnanella, in the parish in which the family lived, San Bartolomeo, where the spelling of the surname is typically recorded as Lunardi. However, the 1713 baptismal document of Roque’s aunt gives her name as Maria Magdalena Leonardi (Gragnanella Baptisms). That same spelling variation occurs for many of Roque’s extended family (aunts, uncles, and cousins).

It appears that all or most of Roque’s siblings’ surnames were recorded as Lunardi on their respective baptismal records. One child, Rocco Pelligrino Lunardi (Roque Leonardi), is the Italian who sailed to New Smyrna with the Andrew Turnbull Expedition. His name is recorded on his baptismal certificate as Rocchus Peregrinus Lunardi (Gragnanella Baptisms).

The record of his 1768 marriage, in Menorca, to Esperanza Balle lists him in Latin as Rochus Lionardi (Menorcan Archive Films, 1768, entry 47). After he arrived in Florida, he signed his name (or his signature appears) several times in the Escrituras (notarized instruments) of 1784-1821 as Rocco Leonardy. His signature appears once as Roque Leonardy in the same documents, but is in a different handwriting.

Thus the combination of different languages and their respective dialects (Italian, Catalan, Latin, and later Spanish and English), different ways of pronouncing the surname, lack of codified spelling, and different ways of translating into Latin produced many spelling variants.

Roque's grandfather's marriage to Maria Nardini Fosciandora, Italy, 1701. Roque's grandfather's name was also Rocco.

The Family

The first Leonardi / Leonardy for whom we have documentary evidence is Roque Lunardi who married Maria Nardini in 1701. This Roque’s place of birth has not been positively determined, although from his marriage record, it appears likely that he was from Gragnanella, Italy; Maria was from Fosciandora, Italy.

One of the children of Roque Lunardi and Maria Nardini was Giovanni Lunardi who was baptized in Gragnanella in 1710. He married Giacoma Biagoini of Castelnuovo in 1736.

Roque Lunardi, son of Giovanni Lunardi and Giacoma Biagoini, and grandson of the first Roque Lunardi, was born in the town of Gragnanella in 1741 and was baptized there in the Catholic Church of San Bartolomeo. This Roque joined the Andrew Turnbull Expedition in 1768. The travelers stopped first in Menorca where Roque married Esperanza Balla that same year.


Please Join this project, we are looking forward to hearing from you!