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Irish Settlement In South Australia

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  • Margaret Taylor (c.1833 - 1873)
    Biography Margaret Taylor (Lewis) was born circa 1833 in Omagh, Omagh, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom. Margaret married Henry Taylor . Together they had the following children: Michael Willis Tay...
  • Mary Wade (c.1822 - 1877)
  • James Spottiswood Wilson (1813 - d.)
    Biography James Spottiswood Wilson was born in 1813 in Newry and Mourne, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom. James married Sarah Wilson (Spottswood) on September 28, 1837 in Newry and Mourne, Norther...
  • Sarah Wilson (1814 - 1849)
    Biography Sarah Wilson (Spottswood) was born in 1814 in Newry, Newry and Mourne, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom. Her father was John Spottswood . Sarah married James Spottiswood Wilson on Septemb...
  • Sarah Spottswood Forsythe (1831 - 1902)
    Biography Sarah Spottswood (Forsyth) Blackham was born on January 19, 1831 in Donaghmore, Down, Ireland. Her parents were Richard Blackham and Sarah Blackham (Spottswood) . She died on October 5, 1...

Irish Australians (Irish: Gael-Astrálaigh) are an ethnic group of Australian citizens of Irish descent, which include immigrants from and descendants whose ancestry originates from the island of Ireland. Irish Australians have played a considerable part in the history of Australia. They came to Australia from the late eighteenth century on as convicts or settlers, and contributed to Australia's development in many different areas. In the late 19th century about a third of the population in Australia was Irish.

After 1831, the Australian colonies employed a system of government assistance in which all or most immigration costs were paid for chosen immigrants, and the colonial authorities used these schemes to exercise some control over immigration. While these assisted schemes were biased against the poorest elements of society, the very poor could overcome these hurdles in several ways, such as relying on local assistance or help from relatives.

Most Irish emigrants to Australia were free settlers. The 1891 census of Australia counted 228,000 Irish-born. At the time the Irish made up about 27 percent of the immigrants from the British Isles. The number of "Ireland born" in Australia peaked in 1891. A decade later the number of Ireland-born had dropped to 184,035.

Over four thousand young female orphans from Irish workhouses were shipped to the Australian colonies at the time of the Great Famine (Ireland) (1848–50) to meet a demand for domestic servants.

Ref: WikiPedia


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