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Irish Settlement In South Australia

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  • Mary Carmody (1836 - 1897)
    Biography Mary Carroll was born in 1836 and was baptized on October 11, 1836 in Armagh, Northern Ireland. Mary married Martin Carmody on July 20, 1858 in Gawler, South Australia, Australia. Nam...
  • Margaret Mcann (1842 - d.)
    Biography Margaret Carmody was born in 1842 in Limerick, Ireland and was baptized on February 14, 1842 in Kilbehenny, Limerick, Ireland. Her father was Michael Carmody . Margaret married James Mcan...
  • Martin Carmody (1834 - 1901)
    Biography Martin Carmody was born in 1834 in Limerick, Ireland. His father was Michael Carmody . Martin married Mary Carroll on July 20, 1858 in Gawler, South Australia, Australia. Name Martin ...
  • Margaret Taylor (c.1833 - 1873)
    Biography Margaret Taylor (Lewis) was born circa 1833 in Omagh, Omagh, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom. Margaret married Henry Taylor . Together they had the following children: Michael Willis Tay...
  • Mary Wade (c.1822 - 1877)

Irish Australians (Irish: Gael-Astrálaigh) are an ethnic group of Australian citizens of Irish descent, which include immigrants from and descendants whose ancestry originates from the island of Ireland. Irish Australians have played a considerable part in the history of Australia. They came to Australia from the late eighteenth century on as convicts or settlers, and contributed to Australia's development in many different areas. In the late 19th century about a third of the population in Australia was Irish.

After 1831, the Australian colonies employed a system of government assistance in which all or most immigration costs were paid for chosen immigrants, and the colonial authorities used these schemes to exercise some control over immigration. While these assisted schemes were biased against the poorest elements of society, the very poor could overcome these hurdles in several ways, such as relying on local assistance or help from relatives.

Most Irish emigrants to Australia were free settlers. The 1891 census of Australia counted 228,000 Irish-born. At the time the Irish made up about 27 percent of the immigrants from the British Isles. The number of "Ireland born" in Australia peaked in 1891. A decade later the number of Ireland-born had dropped to 184,035.

Over four thousand young female orphans from Irish workhouses were shipped to the Australian colonies at the time of the Great Famine (Ireland) (1848–50) to meet a demand for domestic servants.

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Irish County to South Australia

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