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Irish Settlement In South Australia

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  • Edward Burton Gleeson (1802 - 1870)
    Edward Burton Gleeson England, United Grand Lodge of England Freemason Membership Registers, 1751-1921 Name: Edwd Burton Gleeson Gender: Male Initiation Age: 35 Birth Year: abt 1802 Initi...
  • Bridget Evans (1844 - 1920)
    Bridget Size Birth: January 11, 1844 Adelaide, South Australia, Australia Death: June 23, 1920 (76) Semaphore, South Australia, Australia Parents: Patrick Size and Bridget Size Husband: Charl...
  • Mary Carroll (1856 - 1915)
    Immigration : Arrived on Hespirides Ref No 7 - 14 May 1875 16 Aug 1875 - Left Portsmouth arrived Adelaide*
  • Bridget Size (c.1816 - 1878)
    Bridget Carroll Husband: Patrick Size Children: Bridget Evans, John, Pat William and Patrick J. Arrived in South Australia Date: 7th July 1840 Vessel: William Nichol Route: Greenock v...
  • John Alcorn (1835 - 1903)
    John Alcorn John and his wife Rebecca Moore arrived in South Australia on the 4th December 1855 aboard the Argincourt . Gender: Male Birth: 1835 Birth Place: Londonderry, Derry, Northern Irel...

Irish Australians (Irish: Gael-Astrálaigh) are an ethnic group of Australian citizens of Irish descent, which include immigrants from and descendants whose ancestry originates from the island of Ireland. Irish Australians have played a considerable part in the history of Australia. They came to Australia from the late eighteenth century on as convicts or settlers, and contributed to Australia's development in many different areas. In the late 19th century about a third of the population in Australia was Irish.

After 1831, the Australian colonies employed a system of government assistance in which all or most immigration costs were paid for chosen immigrants, and the colonial authorities used these schemes to exercise some control over immigration. While these assisted schemes were biased against the poorest elements of society, the very poor could overcome these hurdles in several ways, such as relying on local assistance or help from relatives.

Most Irish emigrants to Australia were free settlers. The 1891 census of Australia counted 228,000 Irish-born. At the time the Irish made up about 27 percent of the immigrants from the British Isles. The number of "Ireland born" in Australia peaked in 1891. A decade later the number of Ireland-born had dropped to 184,035.

Over four thousand young female orphans from Irish workhouses were shipped to the Australian colonies at the time of the Great Famine (Ireland) (1848–50) to meet a demand for domestic servants.

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