The Propaganda Movement was a cultural organization formed in 1872 by Filipino expatriates in Europe. Composed of the Filipino elite called "ilustrados", exiled liberals and students attending Europe's universities gravitated to the movement.
La Solidaridad, a bi-weekly Spanish language broadsheet, became the platform for intelligent discourse on economic, cultural, political, and social conditions of the country.
This sub-project aims to organize genealogical data on these historical figures who contributed to the fight for independence. Find similar projects at the master project page, Families of the Philippines.
Image: Expatriated members of the Propaganda Movement in Spain.
The organization aimed to increase Spanish awareness of the needs of its colony, the Philippines and labored to bring about:
- Recognition of the Philippines as a province of Spain;
- Representation of the Philippines in the Cortes Generales, the Spanish parliament;
- Secularization of Philippine parishes;
- Legalization of Spanish and Filipino equality;
- Equal opportunity for Filipinos and Spanish to enter government service;
- Creation of a public school system independent of the friars;
- Abolition of the polo (labor service) and vandala (forced sale of local products to the government);
- Guarantee of basic freedoms of speech and association;
- Recognition of human rights
- José Alejandrino
- Anastacio Carpio
- Graciano López Jaena, publisher of La Solidaridad
- Marcelo H. del Pilar - the editor and co-publisher of the La Solidaridad and wrote under the name "Plaridel"
- Eduardo de Lete
- Antonio Luna - wrote for La Solidaridad under the name "Taga-Ilog"
- Juan Luna - painter and sculptor
- Miguel Moran
- Jose Maria Panganiban - wrote for La Solidaridad under the name "Jomapa"
- Pedro Paterno - served as prime minister of the first Philippine Republic
- Mariano Ponce - wrote for La Solidaridad under the name "Tikbalang"
- Antonio Maria Regidor
- Isabelo delos Reyes
- José P. Rizal - author of Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo, wrote for La Solidaridad under the name "Laon Laan"
Friends of the Movement
- Ferdinand Blumentritt - Austrian ethnologist
- Miguel Sagrario Morayta - Spanish historian, university professor and statesman)
How to Contribute
- Please click the "Join Project" button on the upper right of the project page.
- After adding yourself as a "Follower" or "Collaborator", select the profile of the accomplished individual you wish to add.
- Navigate to that profile. Under the "More Actions" link, choose "Add to Project" and select sub-project to which that profile should be included in.
- Include in the "About Me" section a brief biographical sketch, summarizing the person's significant contributions and accomplishments. (Required)
- Include a photograph, if one exists.
- Mark the profile as "public" and not "private". (Required)