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  • Vid (Vito) Morpurgo (1838 - 1911)
    Vid Morpurgo (Split, 7. svibnja 1838. - Split, 31. siječnja 1911.) je hrvatski nakladnik, tiskar, bibliograf, knjižničar i političar. Židove su u Splitu kontinuirano prisutni od 15. stoljeća, a vjero...

Old Jewish cemetery in Split

This project is about old Jewish cemetery in Split, Croatia.

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Location: Old Jewish cemetery in Split, also here You can see a few images of graves

Jewish cemetery in Split

The Jewish cemetery in Split is the oldest Jewish cemetery on the territory of the Republic of Croatia, and one of the oldest preserved in the World. It was founded by the Split Jews back in 1573 on the eastern slope of Marjan Hill. The last burial was completed in 1945 when the cemetery was closed and protected as a monument. There are more than 700 graves in the cemetery.

Cultural heritage is protected. Below the cemetery there is a Marjan Vidilica. Under the designation Z-5554, the immovable cultural heritage - individually, the legal status of a protected cultural asset - was classified as the rest.

The first afforestation of Marjan with the Aleppo pine in the Jewish cemetery was the bee in 1852. For some time, the Jewish cemetery was the only green oasis on the bare mountain of Marjan. The cemetery was on the eastern slope of Marjana. There were 650 tombstones with Jewish inscriptions and names in Croatian, Italian and German.

The oldest monument is in 1717, and the monuments are mainly in the shape of a sarcophagus, in Hebrew, written by a Sephardic letter.

There are the graves of the deceased family: Viterbi, Pensi, Navaro, Piaza, Gentilhuomo, but also the tombs of prominent personalities like the physician Josef Haj Seniora, Rabbi Avram Pape, Hajim Izak Musafije, Mordehaja Jakova Jedidija, Musafije and Hajima Alevia and Vida Morpurgo.

These Jewish families in Split originate in the ancient Salona, where the Jewish community was found, as evidenced by monuments and artefacts.

At the beginning of the 16th century, the number of Jews in Split increased rapidly thanks to immigrants from Spain and Portugal. The most significant Jew in Split, and for Split was Danijel Rodriguez of the Portuguese roots, shortened by Rodriga. He was a diplomatic mediator between Venice and Turkey, negotiating the return of Turkish prisoners of war. The increase of the population contributed to the establishment of the cemetery in 1573. The cemetery was called «House of the Living», and is located on the eastern afforested hillside of Marjan, visible from the city and from the sea. Only the cemetery is divided into a longitudinal aisle in two parts. The northern part is older and the south is newer.

Since 1949, it began to be buried in a new cemetery on Lovrinac.

Articles, Sources, Documents

Staro Židovsko groblje u Splitu

Ovo je projekt o starom Židovskom groblju u Splitu, Hrvatska.

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Lokacija: Staro Židovsko groblje, ovdje također može vidjeti nekoliko slika grobova

Židovsko groblje u Splitu

Židovsko groblje u Splitu je najstarije židovsko groblje na teritoriju Republike Hrvatske, te jedno od najstarijih sačuvanih u Svijetu. Osnovali su ga splitski Židovi davne 1573. godine na istočnoj padini brda Marjana. Zadnji ukop obavljen je 1945. kada je groblje zatvoreno i zaštićeno kao spomenik. Na groblju je više od 700 grobova.

Zaštićeno je kulturno dobro. Ispod groblja je marjanska vidilica. Pod oznakom Z-5554 zavedeno je kao nepokretno kulturno dobro - pojedinačno, pravna statusa zaštićena kulturnog dobra, klasificiranog kao ostalo.

Prvo pošumljavanje Marjana sa Alepskim borom na Židovskom groblju pčelo je davne 1852. godine. Neko vrijeme je židovsko groblje bila jedina zelena oaza na golom brdu Marjan. Groblje se nalazilo na istočnoj padini Marjana. Bilo je 650 nadgrobnih spomenika sa hebrejskim natpisima i imenima na hrvatskom, talijanskom i njemačkom.

Najstarji spomenik je 1717. godine, a spomenici su uglavnom u obliku sarkofaga, na hebrejskom jeziku, pisani sefardskim pismom.

Tu su grobovi izumrlih obitelji: Viterbi, Pensi, Navaro, Piaza, Gentilhuomo, ali i grobovi značajnjih ličnosti kao liječnika Josefa Haj Seniora, rabina Avrama Pape, Hajima Izaka Musafije, Mordehaja Jakova Jedidija, Musafije i Hajima Alevija, te Vida (Vita) Haj Morpurga.

Ove židovske obitelji u Splitu vode podrijetlo iz antičke Salone u kojoj se nalazila židovska zajednica o čemu svjedoče spomenici i artefakti.

Početkom 16. stoljeća broj Židova u Splitu naglo se povećao zahvaljujući doseljenicima iz Španjolske i Portugala. Najznačajniji Židov u Splitu, i za Split bio je Danijel Rodriguez portugalskih korijena, skraćeno Rodriga. Bio je diplomatski posrednik između Venecije i Turske, pregovarao je o vraćanju turskih ratnih zarobljenika. Povećanje stanovništva doprinijelo je i osnivanju groblja 1573. god. Groblje se zvalo «Kuća živih», a nalazi se na istočnoj pošumljenoj padini Marjana, vidljivoj iz grada i s mora. Samo groblje podijeljeno je uzdužnom alejom u dva dijela. Sjeverni dio je stariji, a južni noviji.

Od 1949. godine počelo se pokapati na novom groblju na Lovrincu.

Članci, Izvori, Dokumenti

בית קברות יהודי עתיק בפיצולt

פרויקט זה הוא על בית הקברות היהודי הישן בספליט, קרואטיה

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בית העלמין היהודי בספליט (Split)

בית העלמין היהודי בספליט הוא בית העלמין היהודי העתיק ביותר על שטח הרפובליקה של קרואטיה, ואחד העתיקים ביותר בעולם. הוא נוסד על ידי היהודים המפוצלים בשנת 1573 על המדרון המזרחי של מריאן היל. הקבורה האחרונה הושלמה בשנת 1945, כאשר בית הקברות נסגר ומוגן כאנדרטה. בבית העלמין יש יותר מ -700 קברים.

המורשת התרבותית מוגנת. מתחת לבית הקברות יש מארג'נסקי וידלאק. תחת ההגדרה Z-5554, המורשת התרבותית הבלתי מקובלת - בנפרד, המעמד המשפטי של נכס תרבותי מוגן - סווגה כיתר.