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People executed on order of English monarchs

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Profiles

  • Sir Henry Boynton, of Acklam (1311 - 1405)
    13. Sir Henry Boynton (? - July 2, 1405) --- He joined Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland, who had taken up arms against Henry IV in 1405. They were defeated and Henry was executed with 7 others at Sa...
  • Henry VI of England (1421 - 1471)
    "Henry VI (6 December 1421 – 21 May 1471) was King of England from 1422 to 1461 and again from 1470 to 1471, and disputed King of France from 1422 to 1453. Until 1437, his realm was governed by regents...
  • Sir Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset (1500 - 1552)
    "Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset, KG, (c. 1500 – 22 January 1552) was Lord Protector of England during the minority of his nephew King Edward VI (1547–1553), in the period between the death of Hen...
  • Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk (1517 - 1554)
    "Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolk, 3rd Marquess of Dorset, KG (17 January 1517 – 23 February 1554) was an English nobleman of the Tudor period and the father of Lady Jane Grey." ======================...
  • Sir Henry Courtenay, 1st Marquess of Exeter (1496 - 1539)
    Courtenay, 1st Marquess of Exeter From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Henry Courtenay, 1st Marquess of Exeter, KG, PC (c. 1496–January 9, 1539) was the eldest son of William Courtenay, 1st Earl o...

Scope of Project

This project aims to identify people executed on order of the Kings and Queens of England and Great Britain.

Overview

Under the law of the United Kingdom, high treason is the crime of disloyalty to the Crown. Offences constituting high treason include plotting the murder of the sovereign; having sexual intercourse with the sovereign's consort, with his eldest unmarried daughter, or with the wife of the heir to the throne; levying war against the sovereign and adhering to the sovereign's enemies, giving them aid or comfort; and attempting to undermine the lawfully established line of succession. Several other crimes have historically been categorised as high treason, including counterfeiting money and being a Catholic priest.

High treason was formerly distinguished from petty treason, a treason committed against a subject of the sovereign, the scope of which was limited by statute to the murder of a legal superior. Petty treason comprised the murder of a master by his servant, of a husband by his wife, or of a bishop. Petty treason ceased to be a distinct offence from murder in 1828.

Considered to be the most serious of offences, high treason was often met with extraordinary punishment, because it threatened the security of the state. A particularly horrific manner of execution known as hanging, drawing and quartering was often employed. The last treason trial was that of William Joyce, who was executed in 1946.