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People executed on order of English monarchs

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  • Francis Dereham (c.1513 - 1541)
    Francis Dereham was the son of John (Thomas) Derham, of Crimplesham in Norfolk, and Isabell, the daughter of John Paynell, of Boothby in Lincolnshire. According to historian **** Francis Dereham was ...
  • Sir Alexander Livingston (c.1375 - 1451)
    Alexander Livingston of Callendar Sir Alexander Livingston of Callendar (died 1451) was a significant figure in the early part of the reign of King James II of Scotland. Alexander Livingston, was t...
  • Wat Tyler (1341 - 1381)
    With news of rebellions of the upper classes in France and Flanders, the English readied for an insurrection. John Ball, Jack Straw and others advocated the destruction of the hierarchical feudal syste...
  • Sir John Gates, Kt, MP (c.1504 - 1553)
    John Gates (courtier) Born 1504 Died 22 August 1553 Tower Hill, London Cause of death Decapitation Resting place St. Peter ad Vincula, London Nationality English Known for Soldier and cou...
  • Thomas de Ros, 9th Lord de Ros of Helmsley (1427 - 1464)
    Thomas de Ros, 9th Lord de Ros of Helmsley b. 9 September 1427 - Conisburgh Castle, d. 14 May 1464 Parents: Thomas de Ros, 8th Lord de Ros of Helmsley, Lady Eleanor Beauchamp. Married: Philip...

Scope of Project

This project aims to identify people executed on order of the Kings and Queens of England and Great Britain.


Under the law of the United Kingdom, high treason is the crime of disloyalty to the Crown. Offences constituting high treason include plotting the murder of the sovereign; having sexual intercourse with the sovereign's consort, with his eldest unmarried daughter, or with the wife of the heir to the throne; levying war against the sovereign and adhering to the sovereign's enemies, giving them aid or comfort; and attempting to undermine the lawfully established line of succession. Several other crimes have historically been categorised as high treason, including counterfeiting money and being a Catholic priest.

High treason was formerly distinguished from petty treason, a treason committed against a subject of the sovereign, the scope of which was limited by statute to the murder of a legal superior. Petty treason comprised the murder of a master by his servant, of a husband by his wife, or of a bishop. Petty treason ceased to be a distinct offence from murder in 1828.

Considered to be the most serious of offences, high treason was often met with extraordinary punishment, because it threatened the security of the state. A particularly horrific manner of execution known as hanging, drawing and quartering was often employed. The last treason trial was that of William Joyce, who was executed in 1946.