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People executed on order of English monarchs

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Profiles

  • Rowland Taylor, Archdeacon of Exeter (1510 - 1555)
    Find a Grave for Rowland Taylor . Rowland Taylor was born 6 October 1510 Northumberland, England to John Taylor and Susan Rowland. He died 9 February 1555 in Hadleigh, Suffolk, England. He was an Engli...
  • Lady Jane Grey, Queen of England (disputed) (c.1537 - 1554)
    Lady Jane Grey (c. 1537[3] – 12 February 1554), also known as Lady Jane Dudley (after her marriage)[4] and as "the Nine Days' Queen" ,[5] was an English noblewoman and de facto Queen of England and Ire...
  • John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland, 1st Earl of Warwick (1502 - 1553)
    John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland (1501 – 22 August 1553) was a Tudor general, admiral and politician, who de facto ruled England in the latter half of King Edward VI's reign. At Edward's death, ...
  • Sir George Boleyn, 2nd Viscount Rochford (1504 - 1536)
    Claire Ridgway, author of many books on the Boleyns, including "The Fall of Anne Boleyn", talks about Anne Boleyn's parents, Thomas and Elizabeth, and discusses why she thinks the primary sources sugge...
  • Arthur, duke of Brittany (1187 - 1203)
    - - c) ARTHUR de Bretagne (posthumously Nantes 29 Mar 1187-murdered Rouen or Cherbourg 3 Apr 1203, bur Notre dame des Prés, Rouen or Abbaye de Bec, Normandy). Benedict of Peterborough records that ...

Scope of Project

This project aims to identify people executed on order of the Kings and Queens of England and Great Britain.

Overview

Under the law of the United Kingdom, high treason is the crime of disloyalty to the Crown. Offences constituting high treason include plotting the murder of the sovereign; having sexual intercourse with the sovereign's consort, with his eldest unmarried daughter, or with the wife of the heir to the throne; levying war against the sovereign and adhering to the sovereign's enemies, giving them aid or comfort; and attempting to undermine the lawfully established line of succession. Several other crimes have historically been categorised as high treason, including counterfeiting money and being a Catholic priest.

High treason was formerly distinguished from petty treason, a treason committed against a subject of the sovereign, the scope of which was limited by statute to the murder of a legal superior. Petty treason comprised the murder of a master by his servant, of a husband by his wife, or of a bishop. Petty treason ceased to be a distinct offence from murder in 1828.

Considered to be the most serious of offences, high treason was often met with extraordinary punishment, because it threatened the security of the state. A particularly horrific manner of execution known as hanging, drawing and quartering was often employed. The last treason trial was that of William Joyce, who was executed in 1946.