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Pioneers of the Old Southwest Territory (Tennessee), 1791-1796

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  • Rebecca Smith (1775 - 1864)
    Reference: RootsWeb's WorldConnect - SmartCopy : May 18 2016, 23:01:48 UTC
  • Job Crabtree, Sr. (1765 - 1828)
    The information on the children of John and Alice Friend Crabtree comes from an old ledger containing family history and records, owned by Rhea Parsons of Pennington Gap when the book "Crabtrees of Sou...
  • Col. Gideon Morgan (1751 - 1830)
    Col. Gideon Morgan (1751-1830), surveyor, architect, civil engineer, merchant, Indian trader, and tavern keeper. During the Revolution they lived at Washington Township, Connecticut. Gideon served as...
  • Hugh Barron (1760 - 1809)
    He and his brothers Joseph and Hugh carried on a successful fur trade with the Indians. The brothers were very wealthy and prominent locally. He and his brother Joseph applied on 8 May 1798 in Wythe Co...
  • John Barron (deceased)
    He and his brothers Joseph and Hugh carried on a successful fur trade with the Indians. The brothers were very wealthy and prominent locally in Wythe County, Virginia.

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The Territory South of the River Ohio, more commonly known as the Southwest Territory, was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from May 26, 1790, until June 1, 1796, when it was admitted to the United States as the State of Tennessee.


George Washington

Philadelphia, November 8, l791.

Sir: I have now the honor to enclose you a report on the lands of the United States within the Northwestern and Southwestern Territories, unclaimed either by Indians or by citizens of these States.

 In order to make the estimate of their quantity and situation, as desired by the Legislature, it appeared necessary, first, to delineate the Indian boundaries which circumscribe those territories, and then to present a statement of all claims of citizens within the same; from whence results the residuary unclaimed mass, whereon any land law the Legislature may think proper to pass nay operate immediately, and without obstruction.

 I have not presumed to decide on the merits of the several claims, nor, consequently, to investigate them minutely; this will only be proper, when such of them as may be thought doubtful if there should be any such, shall be taken up for final decision.

I have the honor to be, with sentiments of the most perfect respect and attachment, Sir, your most obedient and most humble servant, Th. Jefferson