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  • Moses Taylor (1806 - 1882)
    Profile picture by Matthew Brady, c 1865. Moses Taylor was an American banker who in 1855 became president of City Bank in New York where his policy was to hold large cash reserves. He dabbled in r...
  • Samuel Prescott Bush (1863 - 1948)
    Samuel Prescott Bush (October 4, 1863 – February 8, 1948) was an American industrialist and entrepreneur, and the patriarch of the Bush political family. He was the father of Senator Prescott Bush, g...
  • Billy Vanderbilt (1821 - 1885)
    Born May 8, 1821 New Brunswick, New Jersey Died December 8, 1885 William H. Vanderbilt (May 8, 1821–December 8, 1885) was a businessman and a member of the prominent United States Vanderbilt fa...
  • John D. Rockefeller, Sr. (1839 - 1937)
    John Davison Rockefeller, Sr. (July 8, 1839 –May 23, 1937) was an American industrialist and philanthropist. Rockefeller revolutionized the petroleum industry and defined the structure of modern phil...
  • Claus Spreckels (Spreckels Sugar Company) (1828 - 1908)
    From the book Lost Kingdom by Julia Flynn Siler: Claus Spreckels - This German immigrant to the United States was a driven entrepreneur from the mainland who, on his periodic trips to the islands, carv...

Robber Baron is a pejorative term used for a powerful 19th century businessman. By the 1890s, the term was typically applied to businessmen who were viewed as having used questionable practices to amass their wealth. It combines the sense of criminal ("robber") and illegitimate aristocracy ("baron"). U.S. political and economic commentator Matthew Josephson popularized the term during the Great Depression in a 1934 book by the same title.

List of businessmen who were called robber barons