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Second Battle of Bull Run

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  • 1st Lieutenant (CSA), William Jackson Sams (1832 - 1862)
    Sams, William J., 1st Lieutenant, Co.E, 27th Regiment; Georgia Volunteer Army of Tenn,C.S.A., Campbell and Fayette Counties, Georgia Bethsaida Rifle Guards: Aug. 9,1861. Died at Battle of Cedar Mountai...
  • Capt. (USA), Jesse Merrill (1838 - 1899)
    Jesse Merrill was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant into "D" Co., 36th PA Infantry on 4/24/1861. He was promoted to Captain on 5/9/1862 and was commissioned into the US Army Signal Corps on 3/3/1863. Promote...
  • Pvt. (USA) William Parker Siggins (1840 - 1917)
    William P. Siggins, one of the oldest and most highly respected citizens of Forest county, died suddenly at his home in West Hickory at 4 o'clock Monday afternoon, Oct. 15, 1917, of heart disease, aged...
  • (USA) Nathaniel Simpson Siggins (1841 - 1893)
    Served as a musician (fifer) in Co. C, 83rd Pennsylvania Infantry Parent of Estella May, Luella, Harry, Percy W. and Merta S. 1890 Veterans Schedule: Siggins, Nathaniel S. Musician; Company: C; Pa. I...
  • Pvt. (USA) William Young Siggins (1834 - 1904)
    Siggins, William P. BATTLE UNIT NAME: 83rd Regiment, Pennsylvania Infantry SIDE: Union COMPANY: G SOLDIER'S RANK IN: Private SOLDIER'S RANK OUT: Private ALTERNATE NAME: William Patterson/Si...

The Second Battle of Bull Run or Battle of Second Manassas was fought August 28–30, 1862 in Prince William County, Virginia, as part of the American Civil War. It was the culmination of an offensive campaign waged by Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia against Union Maj. Gen. John Pope's Army of Virginia, and a battle of much larger scale and numbers than the First Battle of Bull Run (or First Manassas) fought on July 21, 1861 on the same ground.

Following a wide-ranging flanking march, Confederate Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson captured the Union supply depot at Manassas Junction, threatening Pope's line of communications with Washington, D.C. Withdrawing a few miles to the northwest, Jackson took up defensive positions on Stony Ridge. On August 28, 1862, Jackson attacked a Union column just east of Gainesville, at Brawner's Farm, resulting in a stalemate. On that same day, the wing of Lee's army commanded by Maj. Gen. James Longstreet broke through light Union resistance in the Battle of Thoroughfare Gap and approached the battlefield.

Pope became convinced that he had trapped Jackson and concentrated the bulk of his army against him. On August 29, Pope launched a series of assaults against Jackson's position along an unfinished railroad grade. The attacks were repulsed with heavy casualties on both sides. At noon, Longstreet arrived on the field from Thoroughfare Gap and took position on Jackson's right flank. On August 30, Pope renewed his attacks, seemingly unaware that Longstreet was on the field. When massed Confederate artillery devastated a Union assault by Maj. Gen. Fitz John Porter's V Corps, Longstreet's wing of 25,000 men in five divisions counterattacked in the largest simultaneous mass assault of the war. The Union left flank was crushed and the army was driven back to Bull Run. Only an effective Union rear guard action prevented a replay of the First Manassas defeat. Pope's retreat to Centreville was nonetheless precipitous.

Above text taken from Wikipedia on May 18, 2016.