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Second Battle of Bull Run

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  • Cpl. John Calvin Conrad, (CSA) (1840 - 1909)
    U.S., Civil War Soldier Records and Profiles, 1861-1865 about John Calvin Conrad Name: John Calvin Conrad Residence: Forsyth County, North Carolina, North Carolina Age at enlistment: 22 Enlistment ...
  • Lt. John R. Carpenter, (USA) (1842 - 1912)
    Obituary
  • Corp. (USA) Roswell C. Bowie (1809 - 1862)
    "Roswell C. Bowie had married Margaret Fryhoffer on Apr. 12, 1832 in Germantown, PA at St. Michael's Lutheran Church. Margaret filed for her widows pension on Dec. 4, 1862. Roswell had enlisted as a p...
  • Capt. Paul A. Oliver, Medal of Honor (1831 - 1912)
    CitationWhile acting as aide assisted in preventing a disaster caused by Union troops firing into each other. the war erupted Oliver joined the 12th New York infantry as a 2nd lieutenant on 29 October ...
  • Pvt David H Over, (USA) (1841 - 1903)
    Private David H. Over fought for the Union Army (99th Regiment, Pennsylvania Infantry, Company D) during the US Civil War. ................................................................................

The Second Battle of Bull Run or Battle of Second Manassas was fought August 28–30, 1862 in Prince William County, Virginia, as part of the American Civil War. It was the culmination of an offensive campaign waged by Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia against Union Maj. Gen. John Pope's Army of Virginia, and a battle of much larger scale and numbers than the First Battle of Bull Run (or First Manassas) fought on July 21, 1861 on the same ground.

Following a wide-ranging flanking march, Confederate Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson captured the Union supply depot at Manassas Junction, threatening Pope's line of communications with Washington, D.C. Withdrawing a few miles to the northwest, Jackson took up defensive positions on Stony Ridge. On August 28, 1862, Jackson attacked a Union column just east of Gainesville, at Brawner's Farm, resulting in a stalemate. On that same day, the wing of Lee's army commanded by Maj. Gen. James Longstreet broke through light Union resistance in the Battle of Thoroughfare Gap and approached the battlefield.

Pope became convinced that he had trapped Jackson and concentrated the bulk of his army against him. On August 29, Pope launched a series of assaults against Jackson's position along an unfinished railroad grade. The attacks were repulsed with heavy casualties on both sides. At noon, Longstreet arrived on the field from Thoroughfare Gap and took position on Jackson's right flank. On August 30, Pope renewed his attacks, seemingly unaware that Longstreet was on the field. When massed Confederate artillery devastated a Union assault by Maj. Gen. Fitz John Porter's V Corps, Longstreet's wing of 25,000 men in five divisions counterattacked in the largest simultaneous mass assault of the war. The Union left flank was crushed and the army was driven back to Bull Run. Only an effective Union rear guard action prevented a replay of the First Manassas defeat. Pope's retreat to Centreville was nonetheless precipitous.

Above text taken from Wikipedia on May 18, 2016.

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As a side note, this excerpt from the biography of Gen Sigel explains some of the back story on immigrant German speaking troops in this battle:Sigel was promoted to major general on March 21, 1862. He served as a division commander in the Shenandoah Valley and fought unsuccessfully against Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson, who managed to outwit and defeat the larger Union force in a number of small engagements. He commanded the I Corps in Maj. Gen. John Pope's Army of Virginia at the Second Battle of Bull Run, another Union defeat, where he was wounded in the hand.

Over the winter of 1862–63, Sigel commanded the XI Corps, consisting primarily of German immigrant soldiers, in the Army of the Potomac. During this period, the corps saw no action; it stayed in reserve during the Battle of Fredericksburg. Sigel had developed a reputation as an inept general, but his ability to recruit and motivate German immigrants kept him alive in a politically sensitive position. Many of these soldiers could speak little English beyond "I'm going to fight mit Sigel", which was their proud slogan and which became one of the favorite songs of the war. They were quite disgruntled when Sigel left the corps in February 1863, and was replaced by Maj. Gen. Oliver O. Howard, who had no immigrant affinities. Fortunately for Sigel, the two black marks in the XI Corps' reputation—Chancellorsville and Gettysburg—would occur after he was relieved.