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Second Battle of Bull Run

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  • Col.(USA), William Sergeant (1829 - 1865)
    Civil War Union Army Officer. Served in the Civil War as a Captain and commander of Company F, 12th United States Regular Infantry, fighting in the Peninsular Campaign, the 2nd Battle of Bull Run and A...
  • Sgt.(CSA), Jesse Newton Garrett (1827 - 1863)
    First Sergeant Co. B, 47th Ala Infantry Confederate States Army. Wounded in 2nd Manassas and died of disease in Lynchburg, VA , January 14, 1863. Buried in the Confederate section of the Old City Cemet...
  • Brig. General Thomas T. Munford (CSA) (1831 - 1918)
    Thomas Taylor Munford (March 29, 1831 – February 27, 1918) was an American farmer, iron, steel and mining company executive and Confederate colonel and acting brigadier general during the American Civi...
  • Brev. Major (USA), Edwin Elias Sellers (1840 - 1884)
    Edwin Elias Sellers, son of Samuel Sellers (30) and Barbara Ann Wampole, was born at Philadelphia, March 3, 1840; he was graduated at the High School, Phila., July, 1856; married at St. James' Church, ...
  • Dr. (USA), Israel Bushong (1834 - 1892)
    Husband to Frances Ball, son of John R. Bushong and Annie Meyer Bushong.Dr. Bushong DiesA prominent citizen of New Holland succumbs to grip.A Graduate of Jefferson Medical College -- An Odd Fellows pin...

The Second Battle of Bull Run or Battle of Second Manassas was fought August 28–30, 1862 in Prince William County, Virginia, as part of the American Civil War. It was the culmination of an offensive campaign waged by Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia against Union Maj. Gen. John Pope's Army of Virginia, and a battle of much larger scale and numbers than the First Battle of Bull Run (or First Manassas) fought on July 21, 1861 on the same ground.

Following a wide-ranging flanking march, Confederate Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson captured the Union supply depot at Manassas Junction, threatening Pope's line of communications with Washington, D.C. Withdrawing a few miles to the northwest, Jackson took up defensive positions on Stony Ridge. On August 28, 1862, Jackson attacked a Union column just east of Gainesville, at Brawner's Farm, resulting in a stalemate. On that same day, the wing of Lee's army commanded by Maj. Gen. James Longstreet broke through light Union resistance in the Battle of Thoroughfare Gap and approached the battlefield.

Pope became convinced that he had trapped Jackson and concentrated the bulk of his army against him. On August 29, Pope launched a series of assaults against Jackson's position along an unfinished railroad grade. The attacks were repulsed with heavy casualties on both sides. At noon, Longstreet arrived on the field from Thoroughfare Gap and took position on Jackson's right flank. On August 30, Pope renewed his attacks, seemingly unaware that Longstreet was on the field. When massed Confederate artillery devastated a Union assault by Maj. Gen. Fitz John Porter's V Corps, Longstreet's wing of 25,000 men in five divisions counterattacked in the largest simultaneous mass assault of the war. The Union left flank was crushed and the army was driven back to Bull Run. Only an effective Union rear guard action prevented a replay of the First Manassas defeat. Pope's retreat to Centreville was nonetheless precipitous.

Above text taken from Wikipedia on May 18, 2016.