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Suomalaiset siirtolaiset - Finnish emigrants

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Yli miljoona suomalaista on muuttanut ulkomaille pysyvästi. Suurimmat siirtolaisuuden kohdemaat ovat Ruotsi, Yhdysvallat, Kanada ja Australia. Tämän projektin tarkoituksena on koota yhteen suomalaisten siirtolaisten profiilit Genissä. Olethan tarkkana, ettet lisää siirtolaisten jälkeläisiä projektiprofiileiksi – projekti on vain Suomesta lähteneiden profiileille.

Over a million Finnish citizens have permanently immigrated abroad. Top destination countries are Sweden, United States, Canada and Australia. The purpose of this project is to collect profiles of Finnish emigrants. Please be careful and do not add descendants of Finnish emigrants to project profiles – the project profiles should be only them who left Finland.

Lähde/source: Wikipedia: Suomalainen siirtolaisuus

The great migration of Finns to North America occurred during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. Between the years 1864 and 1914 well over 300,000 Finns settled in the USA and Canada. The “America Fever” started in the 1870s and became a mass movement in the following decade. The crest of the wave was reached the year 1902 when over 20.000 Finns emigrated. Emigration continued on a large scale until the outbreak of World War I. When the U.S. Government began to restrict the admission of immigrants in the 1920s, Finnish emigration shifted to Canada. The Finnish emigration to the U.S. was higher than the official statistics of these years reveal, because many immigrants who officially were not admitted to the U.S. went first to Canada and then crossed the border between the countries. The Finnish emigrants to America originated mainly from north western Finland. Nearly half of them came from the province of Vaasa. They were young people, around 20 years of age; the majority was men and unmarried. The structural change in agriculture had created a population surplus, and jobs outside agriculture were scarce in Finland. In North America work was available for men in mines, lumber camps, factories and railroad construction. Women gained employment as maids in the homes of wealthy Americans. The Finnish settlements concentrated in Minnesota, Michigan and Massachusetts. Also in Oregon and New York the Finns were numerous. In Canada about 60 per cent of the Finnish population lived in Ontario, especially in Toronto, Sudbury and present Thunder Bay. Many Finns also settled on the West Coast, but relatively few in prairie territories or the French-speaking areas. Although the Finns formed less than one percent of the European immigration to North America their concentration, e.g. in Michigan and in Thunder Bay in Canada had a considerable impact on the local population. In mining in upper Michigan the Finns were quite visible, especially in the industrial strikes. A study made at Northern Michigan University drew the conclusion that the American Finns had influenced the English spoken in northern Michigan. Since the Second World war Finnish migration to North America has been quite insignificant; around 15 000 emigrants went to the United States and 27 000 to Canada. In North America there are about 45 000 first generation and 180 000 second generation Finns. Including later generations there are over a million people of Finnish extraction – a substantial contribution to the ethnic and cultural mosaic of the United States and Canada.