Margaliot, Margolis, Margulies, Margalyiot Family Jewish Encyclopedia
The Stangen-Margalyiot family are the descendants of the marriage of HaRav Menachem Mendl Stangen-Margolioth who was the rabbi of Pińczów from about 1615 to 1635 and, later, rabbi of Prezmysl to Sheindel Margolioth, the daughter of Harav Moshe Mordechai Halevi Margaliyos and grandaughter of HaRav Shmuel Margolioth of Posen.
Menachem Mendl was the son of Rav Yoel Feivish Stangen (alternatively spelled Schtangen, Schtengen and Shotengen). It is believed that Menachem Mendl was born in Germany and genealogist Michael Honey depicts Yoel Faivish and family as having previously lived in the Rhineland city of Jullich, near Koln (Cologne) in a chart he prepared on Jewish migrations.
Legend has it that Yoel Feivish’s father Itzchak Stangen was a direct descendant of Eleazar Rokeach of Worms - this assertion is based on the preface to Eliezar Rokeach of Amerstdam’s Maseh Rokeach and while certainly possible or even likely, it has not yet been conclusively proven.
Sheindel bore Menachem Mendl numerous children including seven sons, all of whom became prominent rabbis in their own right.
The Margulies family has been studied extensively by several genealogists, although not all lines have been explored fully to present times. Rabbi Meir Wunder's text "Elef Margaliot" is one of the cornerstones of the study of the family as are two of Dr. Neil Rosenstein's works The Unbroken Chain and The Margolis Family.
"The Unbroken Chain" project on geni is a valuable resource particularly for the Margolith (Margolis) Rabbinical Family of Satanow and Brody.
The genealogy of Mordechai Margolis of Kalwarija, Lithuania has been researched in depth by Dr. Neil Rosenstein in his out-of-print book The Margolis Family (1984). Update: This book is now available in digital form at Center for Jewish History Digital Collections (350 MB download).
The outstanding Margolis and Frankel Families project started by Hatte Blejer is also a phenomenal resource for those specifically interested in the descendents of Mordechai Margolis of Kalwarija, Lithuania.
Meaning of the Margolioth name:
Margolioth (מַרְגָּלִיּוֹת) is a family name that originates from the Hebrew and Greek word "מרגלית margālīth (margolis), margālīyôth (pl.)" , which means "pearl". Variants are: Margolis, Margulis, Margules, Margulas, Margoliouth, Margoliut(h), Margo, Margolin, Margolinski, Margolinsky, etc. Various family names of same meaning are Perlman, Perelman, Perlstein, Perlmutter, Perelmuth, etc.
One legend of the origin of the Margolioth name is that the name Margolioth was adopted by Rashi's Grandson, Rebeinu Tam to honor Rashi's father, Reb Yitzchak. The story of Reb Yitzchak throwing his most precious stone into the ocean to prevent it from being used to embellish the Bishop's sceptre is a well-documented legend in Jewish history.
The act of self-sacrifice, and its connection to Rashi's birth, is what lead to Rebeinu Tam adopting the name “Precious Stone” (Margolioth), and lead to the custom of future son-in laws to change their names of origin to Margolioth upon marriage to a Margolioth daughter.
Meaning of the Stangen name:
Stangen (שטענגן ) is a family name that appears in several different forms including Stangen, Schtengen, Shtengen, Shotegen, Stanglin and Shengen. It is not clear what the name refers to but it appears to have originated in the Rhineland in Germany.
In German the word Stang means rod or pole or spear but may also refer to a type of glass used to serve beer - specifically required by German law for Kolsch beer. The meaning and origin of the name, however, are still open to conjecture.
Variants of the name have been seen as early as 1400 in the general vicinity of Frankfurt. And the name appears in several other Rhenish towns and later it is found in the inventory of surnames in the Old Jewish Cemetery of Prague.
There is now a Surname Project On Family Tree DNA for variants of the Margulies name.
Two males from Moshe of Tarnograd's line are of the E-M35.1 Haplogroup (one of the two tested additional SNPs for further refinement to E-V13).
Descent from Moshe of Tarnograd
The origins of Seth L. Morgulas' line- Descent from Moshe of Tarnograd:
- HaRav Moshe of Tarnograd, his son
- Menachem Mendl of Kratachin', his son
- Avigdor of Checiny, and his son
Naftali’s son Aron, born c. 1760, was the first in my line to not become a rabbi. He and his sons appear of been more interested in commercial pursuits. Aron is, so far, the only son of Naftali that has been identified, although he did have at least one sister who married Zvi Hirsch Mirels.
Aron and his wife Mayta Ester(whose surname is unknown) had at least two children (and likely many more as yet unidentified) Naftali and Dawid Icek, born either in Nasielsk or Warsaw.
Naftali, was born shortly after the death of Aron’s father Naftali Herz in about 1779. Naftali remained in Warsaw
The Margulies family in Kozienice, Poland
Dawid Icek was born about 25 years later in 1808. Dawid moved to Kozienice and, in 1828, married Bayla Ryka Wajnberg (Weinberg). Dawid and Bayla had at least 14 children (the majority of them did not survive childhood). Below you will find information on one of his sons Judah Leib and I have identified descendants of another son- Naftule Abram and will add information on them shortly.
The Margulies family of Kozienice can be found in more detail in the Jewish Families of Kozienice project. However, some of the surnames that are related to the Margulies' of Kozienice are:
- Perelsztein/Perelszteyn (see above likely a Margulies variant)
The Margulies family in Grojec, Poland
Dawid and Bayla's son Judah Leib moved to Grojec where he married Ita (Yetta) Wildman, the granddaughter of one of Grojec’s first Jewish occupants, Isaac Wildman, a successful innkeeper and prominent landowner who owned the former estates of Polish Cleric Piotr Skarga.
Shortly after Ita died, Judah Leib remarried and one of his younger sons, Mendel, who at 18 was enthralled by the socialist cause and apparently disagreed strongly with his father, left for the United States. Mendel arrived in Patterson, New Jersey and worked first as a employee and then as a manager of a silk mill.
Mendel changed his first name to Max and, as he told the story, changed the spelling of his last name from Margulies to Morgulas as a result of a night-school teacher’s odd suggestion for making his name more American. Max married Rebecca Goldberg and they had two children Moses David (who went by David) and Henrietta (Yetta). David, who married Elsie Feldman and, after death, Carolyn Goodman Kaulker, had two children, Gay Carole and my father Jerrold Lee.
Although Mendel had at least six siblings, so far, only the descendents of one, Avraham Margalit are known. Avraham's granddaughter by his son Yeshayahu and Judit Cooperstein, Elisheva lives in Israel where she is married to her second husband the poet Asher Reich. Elisheva has three sons by her first husband.
The Margulies family of Grojec can be found in more detail in the Jewish Families of Grojec project.
The Margulies Family in Zamosc, Poland
Yeshayahu (who is referred to in some sources as Szaja, Stanislaus or in the metrical records as Syzia) moved from Warsaw to Zamosc in the 1820s where he married Etla Kahan, the aunt of I.L. Peretz. Throughout Peretz's memoirs he refers to Yeshayahu as "my unpleasant uncle Y.M." (not to be confused with one reference to a Morgenstern with the same initials). Yeshayahu and his family lived on the main town square in Zamosc at number Stazsica 17, a photograph of which can be seen on Yeshayahu's profile.
In his article Lubelszczyzna w 1863 I 1864 Roku Dr Jacek Feduszka of the Muzeum Zamojskie w Zamościu discusses Yeshayahu's active involvement in the 1863-64 Polish rebellion against Russian rule.
Descent from Eliezer of Lubmol
The Margulies Family in Krakow, Poland
The Margulies Family in Krakow, Poland is descended from another son of Menachem Mendel and Scheindel, Harav Eliezer of Lubmol and tree-tops for the Krakow Margulies family can be found with Elyakim Margolioth and Aleksander Margulies on the Jewish Families of Krakow project
For additional information on the Margulies family of Krakow see Bob Coleman's website The Margulies Chronicles