Start My Family Tree Welcome to Geni, home of the world's largest family tree.
Join Geni to explore your genealogy and family history in the World's Largest Family Tree.

Project Tags

view all


  • Catherine Hodges (1790 - 1859)
  • Eli Salvesdatter Frøyland (c.1565 - 1614)
    . Asbjørn Rasmussen, nr. 2.2. f.1565, d. før 1634. Eli Salvesdtr. Frøyland, nr.2a nevnt i 1615.Barn:* 1. dtr. f. 1588, Kilane. 2.* 2. Kari, f. 1595, Høle nr. 10* 3. Israel, f. 1604, Høle nr. 6.* 4. Asb...
  • nn Andersdatter Gjetrem (b. - c.1640)
    DNA Genealogy=Direkte etterkommere av henne skal tilhøre MTDNA haplogruppe U4b1a2.Flere etterkommere i ren kvinnelinje (kognatisk linje) kan teste seg for å verifisere dette. Se mer informasjon på Norg...
  • Jessima "Jessie" (McNeil) Knowles (c.1845 - 1913)
    Through maternal-line DNA testing, we know that Jessima was of the U4c1 haplogroup.Jessima is included in the Bahamas DNA Project. See her genetic comparison to other Bahamian matriarchs by visiting an...
  • Sarah Davis Bennett Mints (1784 - 1837)
    Sarah doubtlessly grew up in Fairfield Township, Cumberland County, NJ where she married her first husband, Timothy Bennett. She grew up with the Bennett, Bateman, Mintz/Mints/Mench, Thompson, Elmer, a...

For people who have tested and are assigned the maternal haplogroup U4 or who are believed to have had that maternal haplogroup based on descendants tested.

Defining Mutations

  • Coding mutations 4646, 6047, 11332, 14620, 15693
  • HVR mutations 195, 16356


mt-haplogroup U4 (named 'Ulrike' by Bryan Sykes) has its origin in the Upper Palaeolithic, dating to approximately 25,000 years ago. It is widely distributed in Europe, and has been implicated in the expansion of modern humans into Europe occurring before the Last Glacial Maximum.


(to be added)

Description of Ulrike from Bryan Sykes

The clan of Ulrike is not among the original "Seven Daughters of Eve" clans, but with just under 2% of Europeans among its members, it has a claim to being included among the numerically important clans. Ulrike lived about 18,000 years ago in the cold refuges of the Ukraine at the northern limits of human habitation. Though Ulrike's descendants are nowhere common, the clan is found today mainly in the east and north of Europe with particularly high concentrations in Scandinavia and the Baltic states.

Subclades of U

Famous Members

  • (to be added)

How to Participate

Geni Wiki Projects Page

To participate in this project, join or follow the project, then add your oldest known ancestor who belonged to this haplogroup. The profile must be set to public in order to add it.