Jacob Vernon Hamblin, Sr. (1819 - 1886) MP

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Jacob Vernon Hamblin, Sr.'s Geni Profile

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Birthplace: Salem, Ashtabula, Ohio, United States
Death: Died in Pleasanton, Catron, New Mexico, United States
Managed by: Jason Peter Herbert
Last Updated:

About Jacob Vernon Hamblin, Sr.

Added by Elwin C. Nickerson: Plymouth colony was established in 1620. By 1675 pioneer settlers had clearly established procedures for handling conflict between Native Americans. Two extremely different cultures would become fearful of each other and communication would break down resulting in armed conflict. The pioneer settlers backed by a larger population and superior weapons conquered and subjugated the Native American populations. This pattern held true until the end of the Indian wars and the surrender of Geronimo in 1886. However, there is one great exception to the normal procedure of establishing peace through domination, massacre, and bloodshed. The exception was led by a missionary by the name of Jacob Hamblin.

During the Indian wars in Colorado nine federal forts were established for the protection of the pioneer settlers. In New Mexico another nine forts were established. In central and southern Arizona a total of 16 federal forts were built. In Utah the federal government did not become involved with the protection of the Mormon pioneer settlers. However, several forts were built in central and northern Utah.

Jacob Hamblin's influence began in the Santa Clara/St. George area of Southwestern Utah. His influence spread into southern Nevada and southeastern Utah. His influence began to spread into Northern Arizona by 1863 among the Navajo and Hopi people. By 1870 his influence reached into Arizona into the areas that are roughly north of present-day Interstate 40. This area of influence was the size of many of today's Western states. In this region there were no forts built to protect the pioneer settlers accept Fort Defiance which was no longer needed by 1868.

History books fail to explain the reason that peace was established with the Native American people in these regions 30 years before Geronimo's surrender in Southern Arizona. When the Native American people had grievances they had someone to talk to. Jacob learned their language and would go to their villages and listen to their concerns. He would then return to the pioneer settlers and explained the problem and change in behavior happened through peaceful negotiation. No armies were needed and peace was established. As a result this area that fell under Jacob Hamblin's influence is today the most heavily populated region by Native American people in the United States

The Jacob Hamblin Legacy Organization is seeking to identify all of Jacob Hamblin's descendents. We are seeking to raise funds through his descendents to build a Memorial in the heart of this land that was so greatly influenced by Jacob Hamblin. The memorial will be built in Kanab, Utah in a location where approximately two million tourists from around the world visit on a yearly basis. There will be two parts of the Memorial. A bronze sculpture will depict Jacob Hamblin with his interaction with a Native American. There will also be a map showing the tremendous impact that Jacob had on this region of America. A second priority for the organization is the production of a documentary film that will tell the story of his bravery, his devotion and his accomplishments. "...Jacob Hamblin (April 6, 1819 – August 31, 1886) was a Western pioneer, Mormon missionary, and diplomat to various Native American Tribes of the Southwest and Great Basin. During his life, he helped settle large areas of southern Utah and northern Arizona where he was seen as an honest broker between Mormon settlers and the Natives. He is sometimes referred to as the "Buckskin Apostle," or the "Apostle to the Lamanites..."

"...Hamblin was born in Salem, Ashtabula County, Ohio to a family of farmers..."

"...Hamblin was an invaluable diplomat between the Latter-day Saints and the Native Americans, surviving numerous dangerous encounters between the two. In 1870 he also acted as an adviser to John Wesley Powell before his second journey through the Grand Canyon..."

"...Hamblin kept a home in Kanab, Utah, and started a ranch in the House Rock Valley in the Arizona Strip at the base of the Vermillion Cliffs. Jacob Lake, Arizona on the Kaibab Plateau north of the Grand Canyon is named after him, as is Jacob Hamblin Arch in Coyote Gulch..."

SOURCE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacob_Hamblin

Mormon Pioneer - Who is Jacob Hamblin?


Jacob Hamblin, The Buckskin Apostle

- Traveled over 30,000 miles on horseback to preserve peace between whites and Indians in the southwestern United States.

- Became the first white man to cross the Colorado River at Ute Ford since Father's Dominguez and Escalante in 1776.

- Discovered Lee's Ferry crossing on the Colorado River at the top end of Grand Canyon, and Pearce's Ferry 300 miles downstream. These were the only crossings of the Colorado in Arizona Territory for many decades.

- Became the first man to encircle the Grand Canyon, a journey of over 600 miles.

- Made 13 trips from Southern Utah to the Hopi Pueblos in Northern Arizona as a missionary for the LDS Church.

- Safely escorted pioneers to Southern California following the Mountain Meadows Massacre in 1857.

- Became the most trusted white man to thousands of Native Americans in the Grand Canyon region, visiting Navajos, Hopis, Havasupai's, Hualipai's, Mojoave's, Utes and Paiutes throughout the desert Southwest and preserving peace between whites and Indians.

- Accompanied Major John Wesley Powell to meet with Paiutes to learn the fate of the three men who abandoned Powell's 1869 journey down the Colorado River.

- Accompanied Powell to the North Rim of the Grand Canyon in 1870, the first white men to visit this area.

- Discovered and explored the Escalante River. This remote river was the last major drainage to be mapped in what became the lower 48 states.

- Explored the San Francisco Mountains and the Little Colorado River Valley, and led the fist wagons to settle Northern Arizona. This area is populated today with dozens of towns such as Flagstaff, Winslow and Snowflake, Arizona.

- Built forts in Harmony, Santa Clara and Kanab, Utah, and promoted peace and trade with the Indians so that these forts became unnecessary.

- Fathered and provided for 27 children during the difficult frontier period.

[Jacob Hamblin and John Wesley Powell, speaking to Paiute Indians in northern Arizona, 1870. In his journal, Powell said: 'This man Hamblin speaks their language well and has a great influence over all the Indians in the region round about. He is a silent, reserved man, and when he speaks it is in a slow, quiet way that inspires great awe.' ]

Jacob Hamblin and John Wesley Powell, speaking to Paiute Indians in northern Arizona, 1870. In his journal, Powell said: 'This man Hamblin speaks their language well and has a great influence over all the Indians in the region round about. He is a silent, reserved man, and when he speaks it is in a slow, quiet way that inspires great awe.'

Perhaps Hamblin's most amazing accomplishment is that he promoted a peaceful approach to problems at a time when shooting troublesome Indians was the norm. Believing that God had promised him protection if he never shed their blood, he traveled the most dangerous territory in America for 30 years without firing a shot, and often faced angry natives without a gun in sight.

With accomplishments like these, why isn't Jacob Hamblin listed with the likes of Daniel Boone or Kit Carson? In the words of author Hartt Wixom, "Hamblin is little known outside his own Church and immediate region. One wonders why Hamblin's name appears in so few general histories and encyclopedias -- even those focusing on Southwest Indian history. By contrast, one cannot escape seeing the name of say, Kit Carson, in any mention of Navajos or their neighboring tribes. And incredibly, although Hamblin easily had far more to do with the settlement of northern Arizona than any white man who ever lived, he is not even mentioned in dozens of extensive histories of that state!"

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Jacob Vernon Hamblin, Sr.'s Timeline

April 2, 1819
Salem, Ashtabula, Ohio, United States
January 11, 1841
Age 21
Walworth, Wisconsin, USA
Age 21
September 15, 1843
Age 24
Spring Prairie, Walworth, WI, USA
March 11, 1848
Age 28
February 5, 1849
Age 29
September 30, 1849
Age 30
Council Bluffs, IA, USA
September 11, 1857
Age 38
September 11, 1857
Age 38
Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah
March 21, 1865
Age 45
Santa Clara, Washington, Utah, United States