James Taylor Gaines

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About James Taylor Gaines

DAR Ancestor #: A043032 This ancestor is "Red Flagged" with note "FUTURE APPLICANTS MUST PROVE CORRECT SERVICE"

The sixth son of William and Isabella Gaines was born in Curlpaper Co., VA and in turn to Surry and Stokes, NC, and finally in Sullivan and Hawkins Counties in Tennessee. He died in Sullivan County, Tennessee. (1) He married Miss White in 1761. (2) He married Elizabeth Strother. He settled in NC after the Revolutionary War. He was a Captain in the Revolutionary War and was elected a Representative of Surry County to the State Assembly. By May 11, 1793 he had removed to Sullivan County, TN. There he was appointed Justice of Peace on May 11, 1793 of Sullivan County by Governor William Blount.



Capt. James Taylor GAINES

ABT 1742 - bet. 1829-1834

ID Number: I21612

   * TITLE: Capt.
   * OCCUPATION: Culpepper County, Virginia, Minute Men
   * RESIDENCE: Culpeper Co. VA; Surry Co.NC; 1788 Sullivan Co. TN
   * BIRTH: ABT 1742, Orange Co. VA
   * DEATH: bet. 1829-1834, Sullivan Co. TN [107499]
   * RESOURCES: See: [S721] [S979] [S1286] [S1670] [S1940] [S2307] [S2705] 

Father: William Henry GAINES

Mother: Isabella PENDLETON

Family 1 : Margaret WHITE

   * MARRIAGE: 1762, VA 
  1. +Martha Strother "Patty" GAINES
  2.  Margaret GAINES 

Family 2 : Elizabeth STROTHER

   * MARRIAGE: 12 May 1766, VA 
  1. +Behethland "Hettie" GAINES
  2. +Elizabeth Strother GAINES
  3. +Edmund Pendleton GAINES
  4. +George Strother GAINES
  5.  Sarah GAINES
  6.  Frances GAINES
  7.  Lucy GAINES
  8.  James Taylor GAINES Jr. 


he was a Captain of the Culpepper County, Virginia, Minute Men (in which also served his cousins, Henry and Nathaniel Pendleton, Jr.) He was also a Member of the Convention of North Carolina for the Ratification of the Constitution of the United States and of the North Carolina Legislature. Captain James Gaines was one of the two favorite nephews of Judge Edmund Pendleton, to whom the latter left most of his property, consisting of an estate of six thousand acres of land, most of which is now in Sullivan County, Tennessee, and thirty slaves. Captain James Gaines moved in 1788 and settled upon this estate; he was twice married; firstly, in 1762, to a Miss White; and, secondly in 1766, to Elizabeth Strother, daughter of Francis and Susannah Dabney Strother and sister to his brother's wife, Susannah Strother By the first marriage he had one daughter, Margaret Gaines who married Samuel Edgeman.

"James, twin of his sister Anne, was a Captain in the Revolutionary War, and was with Washington on the Delaware. He was wounded at Guilford Court House. Served with his two cousins Henry and Nathaniel Pendleton Jr. in the Culpeper County, Virginia, Minute Men. Judge Edmund Pendleton left most of his estate which consisted of six thousand acres of land and thirty slaves in Sullivan County, Tennessee to Captain Gaines. Captain Gaines moved there in 1788. He was a member of the Convention of North Carolina for the Ratification of the Constitution of the United States and of the North Carolina Legislature."

Residence: 1779 Surry Co, NC; abt. 1793 Sullivan Co, Tennessee

Captain of a company of North Carolina Volunteers; may have been born 1743; may have died in 1829

In command (Captain) of a company of North Carolina Volunteers, he distinguished himself in the Battle of Guilford Courthouse, March 15, 1781, leading his company to the satisfaction of his superior officers throughout the engagement.

From DAR Application: In command of a company of North Carolina Volunteers, he distinguished himself in the battle of Guildford Court House March 15, 1781, leading his company to the satisfaction of his superiour officers throughout the engagement.

Partly because of his gallantry as a soldier, he was elected subsequently as a member of the Convention of the United States.

In the US Magazine & Democratic Review in June 1848 is a Biographical sketch of the late Major Gen E.P. Gaines US Army son of the Capt James Gaines above, in which page 550, is the following reference to the latter "Capt James Gaines was an officer in the Revoluntionary war during a part of which he served with distinction, at the head of a Company of Volunteers. Capt James Gaines served in South Caroline, under command of Gen Nathaniel Green, and was in the battle of Eulah Springs, Sept (?) 8, 1781.

Also from the DAR Application: Page one of the sketch of Gen E.P. Gaines in Vol IV of the National Portrait Gallery of Distinguished Americans. Also page 62 of the lives of Distinguished American Generals in the last war with Great Britain, by John S Jenkins, Auburn NY 1852 fr 286 Vol 1.

The History of the origination fo the army of the US by Fayette Robinson, Philadelphia 1848.

Also Lorings Pictorial field bookof the Revolution Vol 2 fr 494, 495, & 497. Also Journal of Congress VII fr 167.

He was the son of William Henry Gaines and Isabella Pendleton. He married Elizabeth Strother between 1769 and 1776; they had at least 12 children. During the Revolutionary War, he served in a Virginia militia unit. He later immigrated to North Carolina and commanded a North Carolina company at Cowpens Battlefield and at the Battle of Guilford Courthouse. He was injured at the latter. About 1788, he immigrated to Sullivan County, Tennessee, settling onto land bequested to him by his uncle, Judge Edmund Pendleton. Here he became a properous farmer. Groseclose Cemetery is a small place of about 4-6 graves inside a chain link fence. Around it or next to it are about 20-30 graves, most of which are not marked, but can be seen by the regular depressed areas. Captain Gaines does not have a depressed area, where the marker is, so it is believed his actual remains are somewhere nearby to the marker.

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James Taylor Gaines's Timeline

Culpeper Co, VA
Age 20
Virginia, United States
Age 25
April 30, 1769
Age 27
Culpepper Co, VA
Age 29
March 3, 1777
Age 35
Culpepper, Virginia, United States
Age 36
Culpeper, Virginia, United States
March 31, 1780
Age 38
Culpepper, VA
Age 40
May 1, 1784
Age 42
Stokes, NC, USA