James Hepburn (Bothwall), 1st Duke of Orkney, 4th Earl of Bothwell (c.1535 - 1578) MP

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Birthplace: Bothwell Castle, Lanarkshire, Scotland
Death: Died in Frederiksborg, Danmark
Occupation: 4th Earl of Bothwell
Managed by: Noah Gregory Tutak
Last Updated:

About James Hepburn (Bothwall), 1st Duke of Orkney, 4th Earl of Bothwell

James Hepburn, 1st Duke of Orkney (c. 1534 – 14 April 1578), better known by his inherited title as 4th Earl of Bothwell, was hereditary Lord High Admiral of Scotland. He is best known for his association with and subsequent marriage to Mary, Queen of Scots, as her third husband.

Links:

http://www.rampantscotland.com/famous/blfambothwell.htm

http://www.luminarium.org/encyclopedia/bothwell.htm

http://www.undiscoveredscotland.co.uk/usbiography/h/jameshepburnbothwell.html

http://www.lordbothwell.co.uk/bothwellindex.html -------------------- James Hepburn, 1st and last Duke of Orkney1 M, #101892, b. circa 1535, d. 14 April 1578

James Hepburn, 1st and last Duke of Orkney|b. c 1535\nd. 14 Apr 1578|p10190.htm#i101892|Patrick Hepburn, 3rd Earl of Bothwell|b. bt 1511 - 1513\nd. Sep 1556|p10833.htm#i108326|Agnes Sinclair|d. bt 21 Mar 1572 - 22 Feb 1575|p482.htm#i4820|Adam Hepburn, 2nd Earl of Bothwell|b. c 1492\nd. 9 Sep 1513|p481.htm#i4810|Agnes Stewart|d. c Feb 1557|p10832.htm#i108317|Henry Sinclair, 3rd Lord Sinclair|d. 9 Sep 1513|p10929.htm#i109283|Margaret Hepburn|d. bt 11 Jun 1542 - 14 Dec 1542|p483.htm#i4823|

Last Edited=6 Feb 2011 Consanguinity Index=3.36%

James Hepburn, 1st Duke of Orkney 2 James Hepburn, 1st and last Duke of Orkney was born circa 1535.3 He was the son of Patrick Hepburn, 3rd Earl of Bothwell and Agnes Sinclair.1 He married, firstly, Lady Jean Gordon, daughter of George Gordon, 4th Earl of Huntly and Elizabeth Keith, on 24 February 1565/66.1 He and Lady Jean Gordon were divorced on 3 May 1567 on the grounds of adultery with one of her maids.1 He married, secondly, Mary Stewart, Queen of Scotland, daughter of James V Stewart, King of Scotland and Marie de Lorraine, on 15 May 1567 at Holyrood Abbey, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland, in a forced marriage.3 He died on 14 April 1578 at Dragsholm Castle, Denmark, without legitimate issue.4 He was buried at Faarevejle Church, Dragsholm, Denmark.5

    James Hepburn, 1st and last Duke of Orkney succeeded to the title of 5th Lord Hailes [S., 1453] in September 1556.6 He succeeded to the title of 4th Earl Bothwell [S., 1488] in September 1556.1 He sided with the Court against the Congregation, even though he was a Protestant himself.1 On 26 April 1559 he was alleged to have married a Janet Betown, widow of Sir Walter Scott, of Buccleuch, but if this marriage ever took place, it was quickly dissolved. In 1563 he was expelled by the Earl of Moray (and again in 1565).1 He held the office of Warden of the three Marches in 1565.1 In 1565 he was receveid into high favour by the Queen of Scotland, after the Earl of Moray's banishment. He was granted the abbeys of Haddington and Melrose.1 He held the office of High Admiral [Scotland] in 1565.7 On 12 April 1567 he was acquitted of the murder of Darnley, the King Consort, even though he was one of the chief conspirators, as none dared to appear as a witness against him.1 His marriage to an unknown person was annulled on 7 May 1567 on the grounds of consanguinity.5 He was created 1st Duke of Orkney [Scotland] on 12 May 1567.1 He was created 1st Marquess of Fife [Scotland] on 12 May 1567.1 On 29 December 1567 he and all of his honours were forfeited by Act of Parliament.1 He escaped to the north, and then via Orkney and Shetland to Norway.4 Between 1570 and 1578 at Dragsholm Castle, Denmark, he was imprisoned.4 
    Skelton describes him as "an unmannerly, unlettered, unscrupulous scamp, whose coarse profligacy was notorious, and whose coarse badinage was unmeet for the ears of modest women. That he had the strength and daring of a Border thief need not be doubted."4 Gibbs states "he appears to have been an exceptionally turbulent, conscienceless, self-seeking ruffian."4

Children of James Hepburn, 1st and last Duke of Orkney and Mary Stewart, Queen of Scotland 1.stillborn twin Hepburn8 b. bt 18 Jul 1568 - 24 Jul 1568, d. bt 18 Jul 1568 - 24 Jul 1568 2.stillborn twin Hepburn8 b. bt 18 Jul 1568 - 24 Jul 1568, d. bt 18 Jul 1568 - 24 Jul 1568 Citations 1.[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume II, page 239. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage. 2.[S3409] Caroline Maubois, "re: Penancoet Family," e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 2 December 2008. Hereinafter cited as "re: Penancoet Family." 3.[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 242. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family. 4.[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume II, page 240. 5.[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family, page 244. 6.[S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 572. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition. 7.[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume II, page 238. 8.[S20] John Macleod, Dynasty: The Stuarts, 1560-1807 (London, U.K.: Hodder & Stoughton, 1999), page 115. Hereinafter cited as Dynasty: The Stuarts.

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Sir James Hepburn, 1st & Last Duke of Orkney's Timeline

1535
1535
Bothwell Castle, Lanarkshire, Scotland
1561
1561
Age 26
1566
February 14, 1566
Age 31
Scotland
1567
May 15, 1567
Age 32
Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland
1578
April 14, 1578
Age 43
Frederiksborg, Danmark
1925
December 1, 1925
Age 43
1933
January 30, 1933
Age 43
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