Vincent van Gogh, kunstschilder

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Vincent Willem van Gogh

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Zundert, Zundert, Noord-Brabant, Nederland
Death: Died in Auvers-sur-Oise, Val-d'Oise, Île-de-France, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Theodorus van Gogh, ds. and Anna Cornelia Carbentus
Brother of Vincent van Gogh; Anna Cornelia van Gogh; Theodorus van Gogh; Elisabeth Huberta van Gogh; Wil van Gogh and 1 other

Occupation: Painter
Managed by: FRED BERGMAN
Last Updated:

About Vincent van Gogh, kunstschilder

Click hierop om een biografie van Vincent van Gogh te zien op de Nederlandse Wikipedia

Although he battled depression and mental disease in his later years, Vincent van Gogh became one of the most renowned artists of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Known as the ‘Mad Artist,’ he was plagued with failures and rejections early in his life that scarred him deeply – something that might have inspired his most prolific works later in life.

As a young man, Vincent was exposed to religion, which would cause him to search for God by helping the poor. He believed he should live in squalid conditions, just as the poor, so he could help them. And, even though he failed no less than two times to enter into theological studies, he was then placed as a missionary in a small Belgium Province, where he was sent away for his misrepresentation of a priest.

Vincent had many brothers, three of which became art dealers. One of these brothers, named Theo, would help him in rise out of his depression by offering him alternatives to regular work and by giving him money to help him survive. Theo would help him study basic art so that Van Gogh would have an outlet for his strained relationships.

After being rejected for marriage by his widowed cousin, Van Gogh then went to her father who in turn rejected him based on his inability to support her financially. After this incident, Vincent spent some time in The Hague, where he continued to paint. He had some support from his cousin, Anton Mauve, but when Van Gogh continued a relationship with a prostitute, Mauve soon stopped corresponding and supporting his artistic pursuits. With this prostitute, it is possible that he fathered a son named Willem, who believed himself thereafter to be the descendent of Vincent.

In 1886, Vincent van Gogh moved to Paris where he worked in a studio. He began to mingle in higher social circles and was given a chance to display his art next to some of the day’s greatest impressionist artists.

In November 1887, Theo and Vincent met and befriended Paul Gauguin who had just arrived in Paris. Van Gogh exchanged work with Gauguin who soon departed to Pont-Aven.

Worn out from life in Paris, Van Gogh moved to Arles hoping for refuge in 1888. Gauguin agreed to join him in Arles, arriving in October. During November, the two painted together; Gauguin painted Van Gogh's portrait "The Painter of Sunflowers: Portrait of Vincent van Gogh", and uncharacteristically, Van Gogh painted some pictures from memory—deferring to Gauguin's ideas in this—as well as his "The Red Vineyard". However, their relationship was deteriorating. They quarreled fiercely about art; Van Gogh felt an increasing fear that Gauguin was going to desert him as a situation he described as one of "excessive tension" reached crisis point. On the 23rd of December 1888, frustrated and ill, Van Gogh confronted Gauguin with a razor blade. In panic, Van Gogh left their quarters and fled to a local brothel. While there, he cut off the lower part of his left ear lobe. He wrapped the severed tissue in newspaper and handed it to a prostitute named Rachel, asking her to "keep this object carefully." Gauguin left Arles and never saw Van Gogh again.

Depression, drinking, and smoking had gotten the best of Van Gogh and he was admitted into an insane asylum, where he continued to paint the asylum’s surroundings. Some of his most famous works done during this period are Starry Night Over the Rhone and Portrait of Dr. Gachet. At the age of 37, due to paranoia and other mental conditions, Van Gogh committed suicide by shooting himself in the chest.

Van Gogh never married and had no children.

He is related to Piet Mondriaan

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Vincent van Gogh, kunstschilder's Timeline

1853
March 30, 1853
Zundert, Zundert, Noord-Brabant, Nederland
1890
July 29, 1890
Age 37
Auvers-sur-Oise, Val-d'Oise, Île-de-France, France