Main reference The Settler Handbook by MD Nash
Additional information from South African Settlers
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- Leader William Cock
- Number 91
- Area Party originated from Oxfordshire
- Area Allocated to the Party Green Fountain on the Rufane River
- 1820 Settler Ship
- Departure 7 January 1820
- Arrival Table Bay, Cape Town - 16 April 1820
- Final Port - Algoa Bay, Port Elizabeth 15 May 1820
M.D. Nash 1987 - Settler Handbook
"No. 31 on the Colonial Department list was a joint-stock party of 40 men (including 11 servants) who formed themselves into a 'Society of Free Settlers' under the name of the Hardwick Society, with a President (William Cock), Secretary (Thomas Jarman), Treasurer and committee of six. They agreed to put themselves under military discipline after they had been located, and to select an officer and non-commissioned officers from their number. They planned to erect a place of worship where Church of England prayers and lessons would be read by the settlers in rotation, but all 'doctrinal discussion' was forbidden. Unlike most of the joint-stock agreements, no liquor restrictions were imposed, but they were all to have the use of a common stock of implements, and those members with extra capital would be allowed to advance money to the less well-off at 15 per cent interest. As with nearly all the joint-stock parties, the Articles of Agreement were, in the event, never put into effect.
The first man appointed to lead the party was John Hawkins, a farmer of Brighthampton, near Witney in Oxfordshire. He had already applied for permission to take out a party of his own, and his eagerness to learn the outcome of his application prompted him to send a bribe of £20 to the Under-Secretary to the Colonial Department, Henry Goulburn, as 'a small remuneration for the trouble given him'. Needless to say, the money was returned forthwith; it is only surprising that Hawkins' application was not rejected as rapidly.
Like the other large London parties, the Hardwick Society served to absorb would-be emigrants from other groups that had disintegrated or been rejected by the Colonial Department. John Staples of Bermondsey applied unsuccessfully to take out a small party of tradesmen; seven of his people eventually emigrated under other leaders, among them Staples himself, Edward Martin and Charles Dean who joined Hawkins. Three prospective settlers from Hull in Yorkshire - Emslie, Dugleby and Rhodes - who could not make up a party of their own, cast in their lot with Hawkins in preference to joining Hayhurst of Liverpool who charged his people an extra premium.
Hawkins' shaky (and shady) financial affairs were the cause of considerable anxiety to him and to his party. Several people complained that they had sold all their property in the expectation of emigrating, and paid their deposit money to Hawkins, but their names had not been included in the list submitted to the Colonial Department. Matters came to a head at the end of November 1819 when Hawkins was arrested for debt and detained in the King's Bench prison, and the members of the Hardwick Society nominated their President, William Cock, a printer of Penryn, Cornwall, to lead the party in his place. Cock was paid a fee of £20 from the Society's funds to compensate him for his time and any incidental expenses.
Hawkins' original party had been recruited in Oxfordshire,and scheduled to embark at Portsmouth. Since the members of the Hardwick Socity were mostly from London, Cock sought permission for the party to embark at Deptford instead. This was not agreed to, however, and his people had to make their way to Portsmouth at considerable cost, to find on arrival that HM Store Ship Weymouth was not yet ready to take her passengers on board. To avoid the extra expense of hiring lodgings, permission was asked and granted for the party in the meantime to join other prospective settlers on board the three-decker hulk that served as tender to the Weymouth.
The Weymouth sailed from Portsmouth on 7 January 1820, arriving in Table Bay on 26 April and Algoa Bay on 15 May. Elizabeth, wife of William Forword, and four 2-year-old children died at sea. One of the settlers, John Colman, worked his passage out as a seaman. John Roe Palin was given permission to land at Cape Town and John Wilkins left the party after landing at Algoa Bay. Cock's party was located at Green Fountain on the Rufane River and named its location Charles Town (probably for Captain Charles Trappes, the local magistrate). William Cock left the party in October 1820 and was replaced as leader by William Beale".
Member's of Cock's Party
[Bold links are to Geni profiles; other links are to other biographical notes]
- Simon Bagley 27. Agriculturist and army pensioner. Wife Ann 29 (born c.1791). Date of Birth: chr. 1 Oct 1792. Place of Birth: Saint Martin Birmingham, Warwick, England. Parents – Father: Simeon Bagley. Parents – Mother: Mary
- Child :
- Clara Bagley 6
- male child (unnamed) born 22 Jun 1817 Lying Inn Hospital Endell Street, Holborn, London, England.
- Abraham Coillier 38. Agriculturist and naval pensioner. Wife Mary 30.
- John Coleman 28. Seaman.
- Charles Dean 30, Carpenter. Wife Mary Ann Gardner.
- Samuel Dugleby 32. Agriculturist and army pensioner. Wife Mary 27.
- Children :
- Fanny Dugleby 6,
- Samuel Dugleby 2 (died at sea).
- Charles Evans 43. Agriculturist. Wife Mary 26.
- Thomas Field 25. Carpenter.
- William Forword 33, Mason. Wife Elizabeth Forword 28 (died at sea).
- William Forword 2 (died at sea).
- John Ivatts 36. Shoemaker.
- Date of Birth: b. 7 Sep chr. 3 Nov 1782
- Place of Birth: St. Mary Aylesbury, Bucks., England
- Parents – Father: Thomas Ivatts
- Parents – Mother: Alice
- George James 20. Agriculturist.
- John James 38. Carpenter.
- Thomas Jarman 26. Wine merchant.
- William Jones 26. Agriculturist.
- James Thomas Leppan 30, Smith and Wheelwright. Wife Ann Jackson 25.
- George Lyon 46. Agriculturist.
- Edward Martin 21. Carpenter.
- Edward Martin 40. Carpenter. wife. Ann 38.
- John Overa 48. Agriculturist.
- Thomas Overa 24. Agriculturist.
- John Roe Palin 22. Agriculturist.
- John Ray 13 (nephew of William Verity).
- Joseph Rhodes 46, Watchmaker. Wife Harriet Porter 38.
- John Bath Staples 22. Agriculturist.
- Joseph Thomas 28. Wheelwright. Wife Susannah 24.
- John Thomas.
- Benjamin Warden 23. Saddler. Wife Elizabeth 24.
- Elizabeth Warden.
- John Wilkins 24. Agriculturist.
- Thomas Williams 30. Agriculturist.
- William Woodman 29. Glazier.
- William Cook (servant to William Cock).
- George Gatehouse.
- James White. Carpenter and joiner. (Names of wife and children not known).
- John Williamson.
Main sources for party list
Return of settlers under the direction of William Cock (Cape Archives CO 6138/1,89); Articles of Agreement (Public Record Office CO 48/43,534); Muster-book and Log of HM Store Ship Weymouth (Public Record Office, London); Special Commissioner William Hayward's notes (Cape Archives CO 8541).
Henry Booth, John Bradley, Charles Ingram and Philip Rogers, whose names appear on the official sailing list, did not embark. Thomas Henry Cheshire, who replaced Ingram, left the ship at the Isle of Wight. Charles Dean's wife Mary was not entered in the official return of the party, but was found on board the Weymouth after the ship left England.
- The list of Cock's party compiled by Special Commissioner Hayward in 1824 included four men whose names do not appear on the sailing list: William Cook (Cock's servant), George Gatehouse, James White (a carpenter with a wife and family) and John Williamson. These men may have sailed in the Weymouth as unofficial replacements for those who withdrew, or may have joined the party in Albany.