Main Reference - The Settler Handbook by MD Nash and 1820 Settlers.com
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- Leader Richard Hayhurst
- Number 107
- Area Party originated from Lancashire, England
- Area Allocated to the Party Trappes Valley
- 1820 Settler Ship
- Departure Liverpool, 13 January 1820
- Arrival Table Bay, Cape Town - 19 April 1820
- Final Port Algoa Bay, Port Elizabeth, May 1820
M.D. Nash 1987 - Settler Handbook
"No. 51 on the Colonial Department list, led by Richard Hayhurst of Liverpool, who described himself as a miner and cabinet maker. Hayhurst and Michael Whitley set themselves up as emigration agents in Liverpool, although with no official support or sanction, charging would-be emigrants a fee of £1 a head to 'register' their names with government. Their advertisements aroused suspicion and even indignation - one angry member of the public complained to the Colonial Department, 'They are no better than Swindlers, their office is a Public House' - but they served as a rallying point for northcountrymen who were unable to make up parties of their own, and they succeeded in organising a party of 34 men and their families. This was far short of their original aim of 100 families, who would have been entitled to their own chaplain in terms of the emigration scheme. The Rev William Boardman (who in the event emigrated as chaplain to Willson's party) was entered as chaplain in Hayhurst's early lists, but withdrew to join Willson's party when it became apparent that Hayhurst would not achieve the required number of settlers.
This was a joint-stock party, each man paying his own deposit with the exception of Hayhurst's servant Thomas Kidd. Many of the men had to sell their furniture and working looms to raise their deposit money, which suggests that a number of the 'farmers' in the party were in fact weavers by trade.
Michael Whitley did not accompany the party, but applied unsuccessfully in July 1820 for permission to take out a further 40 or 50 families who were 'anxiously awaiting an opportunity to follow their relatives and friends'.
The party sailed from Liverpool in the John on 13 January 1820 and reached Table Bay on 19 April and Algoa Bay during May. One of the emigrants, Henry Hudson, died on board th John before sailing; his widow went on to the Cape with the support of her nephew, James Robinson. The party's first location, named Trappes Valley after the Provisional Magistrate of Bathurst, proved inadequate, and further land was assigned to three separate divisions under Cawood and Griffiths, Murray, and Watson".
Members of Hayhurst's Party
[Bold links are to Geni profiles; other links are to other biographical notes]
- John Bisset, 40. Nurseryman. Wife Ann 35.
- Samuel Buffrey, 38. Farmer. Wife Lucy 40.
- David Cawood 43, Woollen manufacturer. Wife Mary Smith 33.
- James Cawood 21, Farmer. (Later married Elizabeth Hartley of Calton's Party.)
- Cawood, William 19, Farmer. (Later married first wife Martha Senior, and second wife Sarah Hulley, both of Richardson's Party).
- Cawood, John 18, Farmer. (Later married Ann Murray of this Party.)
- Joshua Cawood 16. (Later married Mary Manley.)
- Elizabeth Cawood 13 (Later married William Gradwell of this Party).
- Mary Cawood 12. (Later married William John Hartley of Calton's Party.)
- Samuel Cawood 10. (Later married Rosa Mary Pike of Calton's Party.)
- Sarah Cawood 9. (Later married Robert Kelbrick of this Party.)
- Andrew Counsel 40. Farmer.
- Thomas Derbyshire 24. Gardener. (Later married Elizabeth Freemantle of Mahoney's Party.)
- Robert Eccles, 43. Musician
- Thomas Eccles, 37. Farmer and army pensioner.
- Robert Foxcroft 38. Plasterer. Wife. Ann Cumberland 40.
- Stephen Gradwell 20, Smith. (Later married Margaret Foxcroft of this Party).
- William Gradwell 21, Smith. (Later married Elizabeth "Betty" Cawood of this Party)
- William Griffiths 33, Master mariner. Wife Ellen Griffiths 33.
- Richard Halstead, 36. Dyer. Wife Ellen 21.
- Thomas Caldecott 9
- James Caldecott 4
- Nancy Caldecott 2
- Benjamin Hartley, 36. Calico printer. Wife Elizabeth 31.
- Richard Hayhurst 39. Miner and cabinet maker. (Later married Elizabeth Toynbee of Rowles' Party.)
- Ellen Higham 13 and Margaret Higham 12 . (step-daughters of William Griffiths).
- Mary Hudson 27. (Wife of Henry Hudson who died on board before sailing.) (Married George Alexander Whitehead of Wainwright's Party on board this ship.)
- Robert Kelbrick 21, Farmer. (Later married Sarah Cawood of this Party.)
- James Kent 27, Household servant. Wife Ellen Williamson 28.
- John Oxley 25. Farmer.
- Thomas Peel, 24. Labourer. Wife Mary 21.
- James Robinson, 21. Farmer.
- Henry Sharples, 21. Bricklayer. Wife Mary 19.
- Henry Stirzacker, 40. Farmer.
- Charles Tudor, 19. Cordwainer. Wife Bridget 28.
- Edward 1.
Main sources for party list
Return of settlers under the direction of Messrs Hayhurst and Whitley (Cape Archives CO 6138/2,39 : this is the London list and included John Pollard and his family who were replaced shortly before sailing by Richard Halstead and his family); Special Commissioner William Hayward's notes, giving the subdivisions of the party (Cape Archives CO 8542). No Agent of Transports' Return has been traced for the John, showing the state of the parties as they arrived at the Cape.
According to E Morse Jones a son, Ralph, was born at sea to the wife of James Murray.