An architect is a person trained in the planning, design and oversight of the construction of buildings. To practice architecture means to offer or render services in connection with the design and construction of a building, or group of buildings and the space within the site surrounding the buildings, that have as their principal purpose human occupancy or use. Etymologically, architect derives from the Latin architectus, itself derived from the Greek arkhitekton (arkhi-, chief + tekton, builder), i.e. chief builder.
Professionally, an architect's decisions affect public safety, and thus an architect must undergo specialized training consisting of advanced education and a practicum (or internship) for practical experience to earn a license to practice architecture. The practical, technical, and academic requirements for becoming an architect vary by jurisdiction (see below).
The terms architect and architecture are also used in the disciplines of landscape architecture, naval architecture and often information technology (for example a software architect). In most of the world's jurisdictions, the professional and commercial uses of the term "architect", outside of the etymological variants noted, is legally protected.
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- Robert Adam FRSE FRS FSA (Scot) FSA FRSA (3 July 1728 – 3 March 1792) was a Scottish neoclassical architect, interior designer and furniture designer. Son of William below.
- James Adam (1732-1794) Scottish architect and furniture designer, but was often overshadowed by his older brother and business partner, Robert Adam.
- John Adam (1721 – 1792) was a Scottish architect. He was the eldest son of architect and entrepreneur William Adam (below). His younger brothers Robert and James Adam also became architects (below)
- William Adam. (1689-1748) Scottish Architect. King's Mason at Edinburgh. Among his best known works are Hopetoun House near Edinburgh, and Duff House in Banff.
- Lewis Greenleaf Adams, AIA, (1897-1977), was an American architect based in New York City.
- Robert Adams (1540–1595) was a 16th-century English architect, engraver and surveyor of buildings to Queen Elizabeth.
- Ruth Maxon Adams (1883-1970) was an American architect.
- Thomas Allom (13 March 1804 – 21 October 1872) was an English architect, artist, and topographical illustrator. He was a founding member of what became the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA)
- Richard Snowden Andrews (1830 – 1903) was an American architect and a Confederate artillery commander and diplomat during the American Civil War.
- Edward I'Anson Snr. (1775-1853), surveyor and architect in London.
- Edward I'Anson (1812-1888) was an English architect whose works include buildings in London.
- Henry Ashton (1801–1872), was a British architect.
- Thomas Witlam Atkinson (1799–1861) was an English architect, quarryman, stonemason, and travel writer.
- William Atkinson (1774/5–1839) was an English architect best known for his designs for country houses in the Gothic style.
- André Auber
- Edmund Norwood Bacon (1910 – 2005) was a noted American urban planner, architect, educator and author.
- Ephraim Francis Baldwin (1837 – 1916) was an American architect, best known for his work for the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and for the Roman Catholic Church.
- Thomas Baldwin (c.1750 – 7 March 1820) was an English surveyor and architect in Bath.
- Edward Larrabee Barnes (1915 – 2004) was an American architect.
- Filippo Brunelleschi (1377 – April 15, 1446) was one of the foremost architects and engineers of the Italian Renaissance. All of his principal works are in Florence, Italy.
- Charles Bulfinch (1763 – 1844) was an early American architect, and has been regarded by many as the first native-born American to practice architecture as a profession.
- Decimus Burton [1800-1881] was a successful and significant 19th century architect, designing buildings in and around Regents Park, as well as the Wellington Arch and Hyde Park Screen and the Palm and Temperate Houses at Kew. He was responsible for the layout of London Zoo, Hyde Park and Kew Gardens and built country villas in both classical and gothic style. Son of James Burton (Haliburton) below.
- James Burton [1761-1837] was probably the most significant builder of Georgian London, responsible for large areas of Bloomsbury, as well as St. Johns Wood and Clapham Common. He also collaborated with John Nash at Regents Park. In 1828 he started building a new seaside town at St. Leonards on the Sussex coast near Hastings, based closely on his experiences at Regents Park.
- Clarke Cabot (1818 – 1901) was an American architect and artist.
- Edward Pearce Casey (1864–1940), was an American designer and architect, noted for his work in Washington, D.C. and New York City.
- Irwin Yitzhak Salmon Chanin (1891-1988), an architect and builder whose skyline signature was formed of jazzy Art Deco towers and whose legacy to Broadway.
- Ogden Codman, Jr. (January 19, 1863 - January 8, 1951) was a noted American architect and interior decorator in the Beaux-Arts styles, and co-author with Edith Wharton of The Decoration of Houses (1897), which became a standard in American interior design.
- Ralph Lester Colton (1891-1931) American Architect.
- Lúcio Marçal Ferreira Ribeiro Lima Costa(1902 – 1998) was a Brazilian architect and urban planner, best known for his plan for Brasília.
- Ralph Adams Cram FAIA, (1863 - 1942), was a prolific and influential American architect of collegiate and ecclesiastical buildings, often in the Gothic style.
- William Adams Delano (1874 – 1960), an American architect, was a partner with Chester Holmes Aldrich in the firm of Delano & Aldrich. The firm worked in the Beaux-Arts tradition for elite clients in New York City, Long Island and elsewhere, designing in the neo-Georgian and neo-Federal styles
- Charles William “C.W.” Dickey (1871 – 1942) was an American architect famous for developing a distinctive style of Hawaiian architecture
- Alexandre Gustave Eiffel 91832-1923) was a French civil engineer, architect and freemason - best known for the world-famous Eiffel Tower, built for the 1889 Universal Exposition in Paris, France.
- Robert David Farquhar (1872 - 1967) was an architect working in California 1905 - 1940.
- Richard Buckminster "Bucky" Fuller (1895 – 983) was an American systems theorist, architect, engineer, author, designer, inventor, and futurist.
- Sidney Gambier-Parry (9 January 1859 – 17 November 1948) was a British architect.
- Germain Gauthier
- John Cameron Greenleaf, AIA, (born 1878), was an American architect based in New York City who practiced in early twentieth century under his own name and as partner in the firm of Mills & Greenleaf.
- Matthew Habersohn (1789-1852) English Architect who completed St. James' Cathedral, Jerusalem, in 1842. Buried at Abney Park Cemetery
- Wyatt Cephus Hedrick (1888 - 1964), in Houston, Harris County, Texas) was an American architect, engineer, and developer most active in Texas and the American South.
- David Hoadley (1774–1839) was an American architect who worked in New Haven and Middlesex counties in Connecticut.
- Mary Rockwell Hook (1877 – 1978) was an American architect and a pioneer for women in architecture.
- John Mead Howells (1868-1959) American architect. He worked with McKim, Mead, & White before establishing an office with Isaac Newton Phelps Stokes (1867-1944) in New York (1897).
- Jarvis Hunt (1863 - 1941) was a "renowned Chicago architect" who designed a wide array of buildings, including train stations, suburban estates, industrial buildings, clubhouses and other structures.
- [http://www.geni.com/people/Richard-Morris-Hunt/6000000013850597983 Richard Morris Hunt (1827 – 1895) was an American architect of the nineteenth century and a preeminent figure in the history of American architecture.
- Major Nathaniel Henry Hutton (1833 – 1907) was an American architect and civil engineer.
- Thomas Jefferson, 3rd President of the United States of America (1743-1826) In addition to the many hats he wore as architect, statesman, politician, and president, he was also an agriculturist, horticulturist, and landscape designer. After designing several estates for friends, he eventually designed his own.
- Philip Cortelyou Johnson (1906 – 2005) was an influential American architect.
- Euine Fay Jones, (1921 – 2004) was an American architect and designer. He was an apprentice of Frank Lloyd Wright.
- Phyllis Barbara Lambert, CC GOQ FRAIC FRSC RCA (née Bronfman; born January 24, 1927) is a Canadian philanthropist and Architect and member of the Bronfman family.
- Daniel Libeskind (born 1946) American architect, artist, and set designer of Polish-Jewish descent.
- Maya Ying Lin (born 1959) is an American architect and artist who is known for her work in sculpture and landscape art. She is the designer of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C.
- André Lurçat (1894 - 1970) was a French modernist architect, landscape architect, furniture designer and city planner, a founding member of CIAM, and active in the rebuilding in French cities after World War II.
- Charles Luckman (May 16, 1909, Kansas City–January 26, 1999, Los Angeles) was a businessman and an American architect.
- Edwin Landseer Lutyens (1869-1944) was a British architect who is known for imaginatively adapting traditional architectural styles to the requirements of his era. He designed many English country houses.
- François Mansart (1598 - 1666) was a French architect credited with introducing classicism into Baroque architecture of France.
- Jules Hardouin Mansart, comte de Sagonne (1646-1708) was a French architect whose work is generally considered to be the apex of French Baroque architecture, representing the power and grandeur of Louis XIV.
- Charles Follen McKim FAIA (1847 – 1909) was one of the most prominent American Beaux-Arts architects of the late 19th century.
- William Rutherford Mead (1846-1928) American architect.
- Gerard Leendert Pieter Moerdyk (1890-1958) probably the best-known Afrikaans architect who built the Voortrekker Monument; his daughter, Irma Leonora Vermeulen is also an architect.
- Oscar Niemeyer Oscar Ribeiro de Almeida Niemeyer Soares Filho (1907 – 2012), known as Oscar Niemeyer was a Brazilian architect who is considered to be one of the key figures in the development of modern architecture.
- Harvey Lindsley Page(1859-1934) , architect, was born in Washington, D.C
- George Lyman Paine, Jr. (1901 – 1978), known as Lyman Paine, was an architect and radical left activist.
- Sir Joseph Paxton (1803 – 1865) was an English gardener and architect, best known for designing The Crystal Palace.
- Charles Adams Platt (1861 – 1933) was a prominent artist, landscape gardener, landscape designer, and architect of the "American Renaissance" movement. His garden designs complemented his domestic architecture.
- George Browne Post (1837 – 1913) was an American architect trained in the Beaux-Arts tradition.
- Eleanor Raymond (1887 – 1989) was an American architect who built and designed the first occupied, solar-powered house in the United States.
- Henry Hobson Richardson (1838 – 1886) was a prominent American architect of the 19th century. His work left a significant impact on Boston, Pittsburgh, Buffalo, Albany, and Chicago.
- Ernest Ross Rolph (1871-1958) was trained as an 'Architect' by David Roberts from 1888 to 1892. He played a major role in the construction of the 'George Gooderman mansion on St. George Street in Toronto' [now "The York Club"]. His drawings hang in the lobby of the Club, signed "E.R.Rolph".
- Eero Saarinen(1910-1961) was a Finnish American architect and industrial designer of the 20th century famous for varying his style according to the demands of the project: simple, sweeping, arching structural curves or machine-like rationalism
- Horace Wells Sellers (1857 - 1933) American Architect.
- Charles Arthur Julian Sharman(1874-1928) was an active architect in Canada from 1908, designing several commercial, ecclesiastical and residential works for leading citizens of Red Deer including several buildings for Leonard Gaetz.
- Sir Robert Smirke (1781-1867) architect, second son of Robert Smirke and brother of Sir Edward Smirke and of Sydney Smirke
- Sydney Smirke architect, fifth son of Robert Smirke, and brother of Sir Robert Smirke and of Sir Edward Smirke.
- Isaac Newton Phelps Stokes (1867 – 1944) was an American architect.
- Benjamin Hicks Stone Biography at http://www.stone-architecture.com/ Son of Edward Durell Stone (below)
- Edward Durell Stone (1902 - 1978) was a twentieth century American architect and an early proponent of modern architecture in the United States.
- John Hubbard Sturgis (1834 - 1888) was an American architect active in the Boston area.
- Dr. William Thornton (1759 - 1828) was a British-American physician, inventor, painter and architect who designed the United States Capitol, an authentic polymath.
- William Turnbull, Jr., FAIA (1935 – 1997) was an American architect whose unique building designs challenged the more traditional architecture of California's West Coast.
- Eugène Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc (27 January 1814 – 17 September 1879) was a French architect and theorist, famous for his interpretive "restorations" of medieval buildings.
- Alfred Waterhouse (1830 – 1905) was a British architect, particularly associated with the Victorian Gothic Revival architecture. He is perhaps best known for his design for the Natural History Museum in London, and Manchester Town Hall.
- Stanford White (1853 – 1906) was an American architect and partner in the architectural firm of McKim, Mead, and White, the frontrunner among Beaux-Arts firms.
- Frank Lloyd Wright (born Frank Lincoln Wright) (1867-1959) was an influential American architect most notable for pioneering the prairie style house and designing the Guggenheim Museum in New York
- Frank Lloyd Wright, Jr., commonly known as Lloyd Wright, (1890-1978) was an American landscape architect and architect, most active in Los Angeles and Southern California. His name is frequently confused with his more famous father's; he is the son of Frank Lloyd Wright.