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  • William Garner Timperley (1889 - 1971)
    Was born Thomas William GARNER changed name to William Garner TIMPERLEY probably when he was left by his father aged about 17 although there is evidence to suggest it was earlier than that. He said t...
  • Anthony Gustav de Rothschild (1887 - 1961)
    Anthony Gustav de Rothschild (June 26, 1887 – February 5, 1961) was a British banker and member of the Rothschild banking family. Born in London, England, he was the third and youngest of the th...
  • Brigadier Sir Murray William James Bourchier, CMG, DSO, VD (1881 - 1937)
    Brigadier Sir Murray William James Bourchier, CMG, DSO, VD (4 April 1881 – 16 December 1937) was an Australian soldier and former Deputy Premier of Victoria from April 1935 until June 1936. ...
  • Albert Charles Gladstone, 5th Baronet (1886 - 1967)
    Sir Albert Charles Gladstone, 5th Baronet MBE (28 October 1886 – 2 March 1967) was a British businessman and rower who won a gold medal at the 1908 Summer Olympics. Gladstone was born at Haw...
  • George Kemp, 1st Baron Rochdale (1866 - 1945)
    George Kemp, 1st Baron Rochdale CB (9 June 1866–24 March 1945) was a British politician, soldier, businessman and cricketer. Education and business Kemp was born in Rochdale, Lancashire an...

Gallipoli Campaign

The Gallipoli Campaign, also known as the Dardanelles Campaign or the Battle of Gallipoli or the Battle of Çanakkale (Turkish: Çanakkale Savaşı), took place at the peninsula of Gallipoli in the Ottoman Empire (now Gelibolu in modern day Turkey) between 25 April 1915 and 9 January 1916, during the First World War. A joint British and French operation was mounted to capture the Ottoman capital of Istanbul (then still referred to as 'Constantinople' by Western nations) and secure a sea route to Russia. The attempt failed, with heavy casualties on both sides. The campaign was considered one of the greatest victories of the Turks and was reflected on as a major failure by the Allies.

The Gallipoli campaign resonated profoundly among all nations involved. In Turkey, the battle is perceived as a defining moment in the history of the Turkish people—a final surge in the defence of the motherland as the aging Ottoman Empire was crumbling. The struggle laid the grounds for the Turkish War of Independence and the foundation of the Republic of Turkey eight years later under Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, himself a commander at Gallipoli.

The campaign was the first major battle undertaken by the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC), and is often considered to mark the birth of national consciousness in both of these countries. Anzac Day, 25 April, remains the most significant commemoration of military casualties and veterans in Australia and New Zealand, surpassing Armistice Day/Remembrance Day.