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  • Alicia Mary Kelly (1874 - 1942)
    Biography of Alicia Mary Kelly by Debbie McCauley: Alicia Mary Kelly nursed hundreds of wounded from Gallipoli. While nursing at the No. 3 Australian Casualty Clearing Station (3ACCS) in Ypres she re...
  • Ernest Christopher Elmhirst (1894 - 1915)
    Ernest Christopher Elmhirst was killed in the Gallipoli Campaign of World War I. ELMHIRST, ERNEST CHRISTOPHER Rank: Second Lieutenant Date of Death: 07/08/1915 Age: 20 Regiment/Service: Duk...
  • Frank Clark (b. - 1915)
  • Frederick George Hall-Jones (1891 - 1982)
    Frederick George "Fred" Hall-Jones OBE (4 July 1891 – 28 January 1982) was a New Zealand lawyer, historian and community leader. Biography Frederick George Hall-Jones was born on 4 July 1891...
  • Clutha Nanthes Mackenzie (1895 - 1966)
    Sir Clutha Nantes Mackenzie (11 February 1895 – 30 March 1966) was a New Zealand politician and worker for the blind. He was briefly a Reform Party Member of Parliament. Biography Clutha Nan...

Gallipoli Campaign

The Gallipoli Campaign, also known as the Dardanelles Campaign or the Battle of Gallipoli or the Battle of Çanakkale (Turkish: Çanakkale Savaşı), took place at the peninsula of Gallipoli in the Ottoman Empire (now Gelibolu in modern day Turkey) between 25 April 1915 and 9 January 1916, during the First World War. A joint British and French operation was mounted to capture the Ottoman capital of Istanbul (then still referred to as 'Constantinople' by Western nations) and secure a sea route to Russia. The attempt failed, with heavy casualties on both sides. The campaign was considered one of the greatest victories of the Turks and was reflected on as a major failure by the Allies.

The Gallipoli campaign resonated profoundly among all nations involved. In Turkey, the battle is perceived as a defining moment in the history of the Turkish people—a final surge in the defence of the motherland as the aging Ottoman Empire was crumbling. The struggle laid the grounds for the Turkish War of Independence and the foundation of the Republic of Turkey eight years later under Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, himself a commander at Gallipoli.

The campaign was the first major battle undertaken by the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC), and is often considered to mark the birth of national consciousness in both of these countries. Anzac Day, 25 April, remains the most significant commemoration of military casualties and veterans in Australia and New Zealand, surpassing Armistice Day/Remembrance Day.

References and Links