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Napoleon's Great Army - La Grande Armée de Napoleon

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    Anne-Jean-Marie-René Savary, duc de Rovigo , (born April 26, 1774, Marcq, France—died June 2, 1833, Paris), French general, administrator, and trusted servant of Napoleon I. Savary join...
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Officers and soldiers of Napoleon's Great Army

With it's maximum size of almost 560.000 soldiers, there is a big chance that you've had a relative in La Grande Armée of Napoleon. Please add them to this project.

Description

The first Grande Armée consisted of six corps under the command of Napoleon's marshals and senior generals.

The army grew in size as Napoleon's might spread across Europe. It reached its maximum size of 554.000 men at the start of the invasion of Russia in 1812. All contingents were commanded by French generals, except for a Polish and an Austrian corps.

The huge multinational army marched slowly eastwards, with the Russians falling back before it. After the capture of Smolensk and victory in the Battle of Borodino, Napoleon and a part of the Grande Armée reached Moscow on 14 September 1812; however, the army was already drastically reduced due to the numbers killed and wounded in battles with the Russians, disease (principally typhus), desertion and long communication lines.

Only 120.000 men survived to leave Russia (excluding early deserters). Of these 50.000 were Austrians, Prussians and other Germans, 20,000 Poles and 35.000 Frenchmen.[4] As many as 400.000 died in the campaign.

Napoleon led a new army to the Battle of the Nations at Leipzig in 1813, in the defence of France in 1814 and in the Waterloo campaign in 1815, but the Napoleonic French army would never regain the heights of the Grande Armée in June 1812.

Commanders

Click on the name for their military career. Those who were appointed as Marshal of the Empire are also added to the project French Marshals

Napoleon Bonaparte, Emperor of the French

Soldiers and noncommissioned officers

At its height in 1812 consisted of 554.500 men:

  • 300.000 Frenchmen and Dutchmen
  • 95.000 Poles
  • 35.000 Austrians
  • 30.000 Italians
  • 24.000 Bavarians
  • 20.000 Saxons
  • 20.000 Prussians
  • 17.000 Westphalians
  • 15.000 Swiss
  • 6.000 Portuguese
  • 3.500 Croats

Please add them all to this project ;-)

The Congress of Vienna (1814-15)

Congress of Vienna

During Napoleon's first period of exile, representatives of the great European powers gathered in the Austrian capital of Vienna to reorganize the governments of the continent and restore the balance of power. The leading figures at the Congress were its host

Sources and archives