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Pioneers of the Old Southwest Territory (Tennessee), 1791-1796

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  • Thomas Thornburgh (c.1761 - 1832)
    Thomas Thornburg was the son of Benjamin Eli Thornburg and second wife Mary Brooks. He was born c.1761 in Berkeley County, Virginia and died in 1832 in Liberty Corners, Delaware County, Indiana. He mar...
  • Christina Demonbreun (1787 - 1850)
  • AQUILLA Carmack (1754 - 1811)
    AQUILLA3 CARMACK (WILLIAM2, CORNELIUS1) was born 13 January 1754 in ,Frederick Co, MD, and died 25 February 1811 in ,Davidson Co, TN. He married (1) BENNY CARTWRIGHT 10 August 1784. She died 05 Sep...
  • Lt. Alexander Ewing, 'Devil Alex' (c.1752 - 1822)
    Captain Alexander Ewing was a Revolutionary War hero. Alexander is a son of John Ewing and a grandson of Alexander Ewing (1677-1738/9) an Immigrant to America in 1727. Early settler of N.W. Davidso...
  • Elizabeth Rhea (1732 - 1793)
    Widow of the Reverend Joseph Rhea who is buried at Piney Creek, Maryland. This family came to America from Ireland in 1769. She came with family and fellow church members to Tennessee in 1778.

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The Territory South of the River Ohio, more commonly known as the Southwest Territory, was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from May 26, 1790, until June 1, 1796, when it was admitted to the United States as the State of Tennessee.


George Washington

Philadelphia, November 8, l791.

Sir: I have now the honor to enclose you a report on the lands of the United States within the Northwestern and Southwestern Territories, unclaimed either by Indians or by citizens of these States.

 In order to make the estimate of their quantity and situation, as desired by the Legislature, it appeared necessary, first, to delineate the Indian boundaries which circumscribe those territories, and then to present a statement of all claims of citizens within the same; from whence results the residuary unclaimed mass, whereon any land law the Legislature may think proper to pass nay operate immediately, and without obstruction.

 I have not presumed to decide on the merits of the several claims, nor, consequently, to investigate them minutely; this will only be proper, when such of them as may be thought doubtful if there should be any such, shall be taken up for final decision.

I have the honor to be, with sentiments of the most perfect respect and attachment, Sir, your most obedient and most humble servant, Th. Jefferson