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Salty Dogs, Captains, and Mariners

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  • Capt. Gabriel Archer of Jamestown (1575 - 1609)
    Gabriel Archer was a gentleman and attorney of Warwick, England, sailed from Falmouth, England, 26 March 1602 with the expedition under the command of Bartholomew Gosnold and explored the coast of New ...
  • Commander John Shortland RN (1736 - 1803)
    John Shortland (1739-1803), naval officer, was born near Plymouth, son of John Shortland, the senior member of a remarkable west of England family, six members of whom were associated with the coloniza...
  • Capt. John Taylor Wood CSA (1830 - 1904)
    John Taylor Wood (August 13, 1830 – July 19, 1904) was an officer in the United States Navy who became a captain in the Confederate Navy during the American Civil War. The son of Robert Croo...
  • Egbert B Egberts (1711 - c.1771)
    Biographical Sketch Egbert Egberts was born in March 1711. He was the son of Albany residents Benjamin and Anna Visscher Egberts. He grew up in a businessman's home located in the second ward. Egbe...
  • Sir William Lane, Kt., MP (c.1553 - 1618)
    Family and Education b. c.1553, 1st s. of Sir Robert Lane by his 1st w. m. his step-sis. Mary, da. of Sir Thomas Andrew of Charwelton, Northants., 1s. 3da. suc. fa. 1588. Kntd. 1597. Offices Held J...

“Salty Dog” is nautical slang for an experienced sailor who has spent much of their life aboard a ship at sea. A salty dog is often given increased credibility by ship mates in matters pertaining to ship-board life and duties. Also known as an “old salt.”

This project will include captains of the following kinds of vessels:

  • Riverboats - A riverboat is a watercraft designed for inland navigation on lakes, rivers, and artificial waterways.
  • Steamboats - A steamboat or steamship, sometimes called a steamer, is a ship in which the primary method of propulsion is steam power, typically driving propellers or paddlewheels. Steamships usually use the prefix designation SS, S.S. or S/S.
  • Schooners - A type of sailing vessel with fore-and-aft sails on two or more masts, the foremast being no taller than the rear mast(s). The most common type of schooners, with two-masts, were popular in trades that required speed and windward ability, such as slaving, privateering, and blockade running. They were also traditional fishing boats, used for offshore fishing.
  • "Clippers" - A clipper was a very fast sailing ship of the 19th century that had three or more masts and a square rig. Clippers sailed all over the world, primarily on the trade routes between the United Kingdom and its colonies in the east, in trans-Atlantic trade, and the New York-to-San Francisco route round Cape Horn during the California Gold Rush. Dutch clippers were built beginning in 1850s for the tea trade and passenger service to Java.
  • Fishing Smacks - A smack is a type of traditional fishing boat that has a well amidships. The well was filled with circulated external water, which kept fish alive until delivered to land and sold. It was a modified form of fishing smack.
  • Passenger ships
  • Whaling Barks - The term bark refers to a particular sail-plan, with three (or more) masts, fore-and-aft sails on the aftermost mast and square sails on all other masts. A major advantage of the bark's rigging was that they needed smaller crews and were therefore cheaper to run. Whaling barks averaged between 250 and 400 tons, and were little more than 100 feet in length on deck. The ratio of beam to length was one to four, as opposed to one to six on clipper ships. The whaler was built for stability, not speed. It carried a large amount of specialized equipment, such as the heavy brick and iron try-works. On the port side it held three or more whale boats suspended from wooden davits, with another carried at the starboard quarter, and another at the starboard bow on larger ships. A number of features on deck were particular to the whaling bark. Around the base of the try-works was a low wooden framework, a foot or so in height called the goose pen, kept filled with sea water. Two small deck houses were built on the stern end, one for the cook's galley and the other to store the cooper's tools and supplies. The two cabins were connected overhead to provide shelter for the helmsmen at the steering wheel, in the "hurricane house." Aloft, the whaling bark differed from other ships only in that it had masthead hoops for looking out for whales. Also spelled barque or barc, the bark was the most popular type of whaleship from the 1860s to the end of the 19th century because it could sail closer to the wind with a smaller crew than a full-rigged ship.

This is also the place to find Maritime Pilots. A pilot is a mariner who guides ships through dangerous or congested waters, such as harbors or river mouths. Pilots are expert ship handlers who possess detailed knowledge of local waterways.

And let's not forget about the brave captains who served their countries:

Notable Captains

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