Isaac Allerton, Jr.

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Isaac Allerton, Jr.

Also Known As: "Ollerton"
Birthplace: Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts
Death: after October 25, 1702
Narrows Plantation, Cople Parish, Westmoreland, Virginia
Immediate Family:

Son of Isaac Allerton, "Mayflower" Passenger and Fear Allerton
Husband of Elizabeth Allerton and Elizabeth Allerton
Father of Elizabeth Ayers; Isaac Allerton, III; Matilda Bennett; Daughter A. Allerton; Willoughby Allerton and 4 others
Brother of Sarah Allerton
Half brother of Bartholomew Allerton, “ Mayflower” Passenger; Mary Cushman, "Mayflower" Passenger; Infant "male" Allerton; Remember Maverick; Unknown 2 Allerton and 1 other

Occupation: Justice of North Cumberland County, Planter-Merchant, Merchant; planter, Colonial entrepeneur, graduated from harvard university in 1650
Managed by: Daniel Robert May
Last Updated:

About Isaac Allerton, Jr.

Isaac Allerton,Jr.

  • Birth: May 22 1627 - Plymouth, Plymouth Co, MA
  • Death: Oct 25 1702 - Cople Parish, Westmoreland Co, VA
  • Married: Elizabeth, Elizabeth widow Colclough
  • Parents: Isaac Allerton, Fear Brewster

Isaac Allerton, Jr. (ca. 1627 – December 30, 1702) was a colonel, merchant, and trader in colonial America. He was first in business with his father in New England, and after his father's death, in Virginia. He was a burgess for Northumberland County and a councilor of Virginia,_Jr.

First Plymouth student to attend Harvard and later migrated to Virginia.

Isaac Allenton Jr. born Plymouth abt. 1630 When his father removed to New Amsterdam in 1638 he remained at Plymouth with his grandfather Elder Wm. Brewster., by whom he was being educated, and graduated from Harvard College in 1650. His will was dated October 25, 1702 and recorded in Westmoreland County, Virginia, Book 3, page 115. Proved Dec. 30,1702 He marrie first Elizabeth______; married second in Virgina about 1663 twice-widowed Elizabeth (Willoughby ) (Overzee) Colclough, dau. of Capt, Thomas Willoughby

graduated from Harvard College in 1650, Being in the seventh class that graduated from that institution.

Isaac Allerton Jr (c. 1627 - December 30, 1702), the son of Mayflower Pilgrim Isaac Allerton and Fear Brewster, was a merchant in Colonial America. Allerton Jr was born between (c. 1627 and 1630) in Plymouth Colony. In 1650, he graduated from Harvard College, and became a merchant, first in business with his father in New England, and after his father's death, in Virginia. He was a Burgess for Northumberland County and a Councillor of Virginia. Allerton Jr died 30 December 1702 in Northumberland County, Virginia.

Allerton Jr. was born in Plymouth, Massachusetts, the son of Mayflower Pilgrim Isaac Allerton and his wife Fear Brewster. His mother died either in 1633 or 1644. He was the maternal grandson of Mayflower pilgrim Elder William Brewster and Mary Brewster.

His daughter Elizabeth, born September 27, 1653 in New Haven, Connecticut, married Benjamin Starr, who was born in Yarmouth, Massachusetts, the grandson of Dr. Comfort Starr, an early English founder of Cambridge who is buried in the King's Chapel burial ground in Boston. Following Starr's early death, Elizabeth Allerton married Simon Eyre of New Haven.

His son Isaac (the third of the name) was born at New Haven on June 11, 1655. He accompanied his father to Virginia when a child, but returned to New Haven about 1683 and lived there most of the remainder of his life.

Isaac's first wife died about 1660, and in 1663, in Virginia, he married Elizabeth Willoughby (daughter of Captain Thomas Willoughby and widow of Simon Overzee and Major George Colclough).

By his second wife, Isaac had a son, Willoughby Allerton, and three daughters: Mary, Frances, and Sarah Allerton.

Mary Allerton married John Newton. (disputed)

Frances Allerton married Captain Samuel Travers.

Sarah Allerton (1670-1731) married Hancock Lee. Sarah Allerton and Hancock Lee are the great-grandparents of President Zachary Taylor, through their daughter Elizabeth Lee and grandson Richard Taylor.


Isaac Allerton was a member of the House of Burgesses (1667; 1668–1674; 1680–1682; 1684; 1696) and a member of the governor's Council (1687–1691). Born in Massachusetts, he settled in Virginia about 1660. He quickly amassed large landholdings and embarked upon public service. He rose quickly and steadily through the military and civil ranks; Allerton sat in the House of Burgesses for more than a decade. During Bacon's Rebellion (1676–1677), he remained a staunch supporter of Governor Sir William Berkeley. Allerton was appointment to the Council in 1687, but he gave up his seat in 1691 after he refused to take an oath of allegiance to the new monarchs William and Mary. Allerton's career was little affected; he represented Westmoreland County in the House of Burgesses in 1696 and was appointed by the governor's Council as the naval officer and receiver of duties in Westmoreland County in 1699. He died in 1702.

Early Years

Allterton was born in Plymouth, Massachusetts, sometime around 1630, the only son and younger of two children of Isaac Allerton, a tailor, and the second of his three wives, Fear Brewster Allerton. Allerton's mother died in the mid-1630s, after which he lived and received his early education in the household of his maternal grandfather, William Brewster, who had immigrated to Massachusetts in the Mayflower along with Allerton's father and his father's first wife. Brewster was a learned and religious man who had been one of the leaders of the separatists long before the Pilgrims had left England and the Netherlands for North America.

Following Brewster's death in 1644, Isaac Allerton moved to New Haven to join his father, who had remarried and become a merchant engaged in extensive commerce with several colonies, including New Netherland, the West Indies, and Virginia. Allerton graduated from Harvard College in 1650 and then returned to New Haven to work in his father's business. He married a woman named Elizabeth, surname unknown, and they had one daughter and one son. Allerton's wife and son died about 1655, and his father died early in 1659.


In about 1660 Allerton left his young daughter in New England and moved to Virginia, where he owned land that his father had acquired. Unlike many immigrants for whom marriage into an influential Virginia family was a vehicle to prosperity and power, Allerton was already a man of substance and culture before he married twice-widowed Elizabeth Willoughby Overzee Colclough in about 1662. They had at least three daughters and one son. Over the next twenty years Allerton acquired more than 5,000 additional acres of land along the Rappahannock River. In August 1662 he was commissioned a justice of the peace in Westmoreland County, and not long thereafter he became an officer in the county militia. Although he had been brought up by New England separatists, he easily embraced Virginia's Anglican establishment. The loss of the parish records makes it impossible to know whether he served on his local vestry, but in his will he left £10 to ornament the Cople Parish Church.

Allerton steadily ascended the military and civil ranks. Although surviving records reveal periods when he was an absentee officeholder, he was often exceptionally active in public life. If consistency of effort is a reliable measure, he was most committed to his work in the General Assembly. He represented Westmoreland County in the House of Burgesses in 1667, from 1680 to 1682, and in 1684, and sat for Northumberland County from 1668 to 1674 and 1676 to 1677. He was a leading man of business from the beginning and usually served on or chaired the main standing and ad hoc committees. He often conferred with the governor and Council, and he reported to the House on a range of critical issues, including the revenue bill of 1680, apportionment of the levy, the appellate jurisdiction of the burgesses, Indian affairs, the creation of towns, and the records of the House. Allerton was nominated for Speaker in 1680 but was not elected. Instead, he became chairman of the powerful Committee of Propositions and Grievances.

In August 1675 Governor Sir William Berkeley and the Council appointed Allerton, then a militia major, second in command to Colonel John Washington in a contingent cooperating with Maryland militiamen to protect the northern frontier from Indian attacks. Soon after the Virginians joined the Marylanders, five Susquehannock Indian leaders came out of their stronghold to confer and were killed at the direction of the Maryland commander. The complicity of the Virginia commanders was at worst passive. An eyewitness later testified that Allerton had objected to the executions, and in June 1677 a formal inquiry exonerated him.

The incident inflamed a crisis that in turn fueled Bacon's Rebellion. Allerton served in the dramatic June 1676 session of the General Assembly before which Bacon's men appeared in arms. Allerton remained loyal to Berkeley during the rebellion and was one of twenty men whom Nathaniel Bacon (1647–1676) denounced by name for sustaining Berkeley. After the rebellion Allerton moved from loyalty to Berkeley to support for the new regime of Governor Thomas Culpeper, second baron Culpeper of Thoresway. Not everyone made that transition, but Allerton's contemporaries evidently did not fault him for continuing to support the government of the colony. He was one of the men who attempted to settle the complicated estate claim of the widow of a leading member of the rebellion, Giles Bland. Culpeper promoted Allerton to lieutenant colonel in 1680 and named him escheator of one or more of the counties in the Rappahannock River valley.

Culpeper also recommended Allerton for appointment to the Council. Charles II and James II both approved, but the Council had no vacancy until early in 1687. Allerton was sworn in as a councillor on April 21, 1687. Surviving records confirm his attendance at only eight of twenty-five sessions held during his tenure of exactly four years. On April 26, 1689, the governor and Council proclaimed William and Mary the monarchs of England and ordered a day of celebration. Allerton was present when the Council issued the order, but in April 1691, after Parliament required that the members of the Council take new oaths of allegiance, he and two other members relinquished their seats when they refused "thro Scruple of Conscience," believing that their oaths to James II still bound them.

Later Years

Allerton served one more term in the House of Burgesses. He represented Westmoreland County in the session of September 1696 and again served as chairman of the Committee of Propositions and Grievances. In October 1697 he wrote the burgesses that illness prevented him from attending the session of the assembly that had just begun, and with this notification he concluded a twenty-five-year career in the colony's government. In the summer of 1699 the Council appointed him naval officer and receiver of Virginia duties in Westmoreland County, but he probably hired a deputy to perform most of the work.

Allerton wrote his will and dated it on October 25, 1702. He provided for his children and grandchildren in Virginia as well as the children of his first daughter, who had remained in New England. Allerton died between then and December 30, 1702, when his will was proved in the Westmoreland County Court.

Time Line

ca. 1630 - Isaac Allerton is born in Plymouth, Massachusetts, the son of Isaac Allerton, a tailor, and the second of his three wives, Fear Brewster Allerton.

1644 - Upon the death of his grandfather, William Brewster, Isaac Allerton moves from Plymouth to New Haven, in Massachusetts, where he joins his merchant father.

1650 - Isaac Allerton graduates from Harvard College and returns to New Haven, Massachusetts, to work in his father's business.

ca. 1655 - Isaac Allerton's wife, Elizabeth, and son die.

1659 - Isaac Allerton the elder, a tailor, dies early in the year.

ca. 1660 - Leaving his young daughter in New England, Isaac Allerton moves to Virginia, where he owns land inherited from his father.

ca. 1662 - Isaac Allerton marries the twice-widowed Elizabeth Willoughby Overzee Colclough. They will have at least three daughters and a son.

August 1662 - Isaac Allerton is commissioned a justice of the peace in Westmoreland County and soon after becomes an officer in the county militia.

1667 - Isaac Allerton represents Westmoreland County in the House of Burgesses.

1668–1674 - Isaac Allerton represents Northumberland County in the House of Burgesses.

August 1675 - Governor Sir William Berkeley and the governor's Council appoint Isaac Allerton second in command to Colonel John Washington in a contingent cooperating with Maryland militiamen to protect the northern frontier from Indian attacks.

1676–1677 - Isaac Allerton represents Northumberland County in the House of Burgesses.

June 1677 - A formal inquiry exonerates Isaac Allerton for complicity in the killing of five Susquehannock Indian leaders.

1680–1682 - Isaac Allerton represents Westmoreland County in the House of Burgesses.

1680 - Isaac Allerton is nominated Speaker of the House of Burgesses but is not elected.

1684 - Isaac Allerton represents Westmoreland County in the House of Burgesses.

April 21, 1687 - Isaac Allerton is sworn in as a member of the governor's Council. He will attend only eight of twenty-five sessions during his four-year tenure.

April 1691 - Isaac Allerton and two other members of the governor's Council refuse to take new oaths of allegiance to William and Mary and relinquish their seats.

September 1696 - Isaac Allerton represents Westmoreland County in the House of Burgesses.

October 1697 - Isaac Allerton writes the burgesses that illness prevents him from attending the session of the assembly that has just begun, and with this notification he concludes a twenty-five-year career in the colony's government.

Summer 1699 - The governor's Council appoints Isaac Allerton naval officer and receiver of Virginia duties in Westmoreland County. He likely hires a deputy to perform most of the work.

October 25, 1702 - Isaac Allerton writes and dates his will.

December 30, 1702 - Isaac Allerton's will is proved in Westmoreland County Court.




Proceedings of the County Courts of Charles County 1666-1674 Volume 60, Preface 41 Introduction. xli

Twelve leases, some of considerable interest, are recorded. Three, feudal in terms and phrase, are for manor lands (pp. 29, 51-52, 265).

On February 23, 1668/9, Edmund Lindsay, planter, innkeeper, and gentleman, as he was variously called, assigned to Benjamin Rozer a lease of 1,000 acres of manor land lying in Charles County, which Cecilius Calvert, the second Lord Proprietary, had first leased in January, 1663/4, for twenty-one years to "Isaac Allerton Gent and Dame Elizabeth his Wife relict and Admintrix of Simon Overzee late of St John in the County of St Maries”, in consideration of Dame Elizabeth relinquishing certain of her dower rights in other Overzee lands. The annual rent, payable semi-annually at the Annunciation of the Virgin and at the feast of St. Michael the Archangel, was to be one pound sterling or its equivalent, in addition to Allerton's planting orchards of a specified number of apple and pear trees, and building and keeping in repair certain houses, barns, and stables (pp. 265-6). Allerton, now described as of Northumberland County, Virginia, three years later on March 18, 1666/7, assigned his lease to Edmund Lindsay on condition that the latter carry out all the terms of the lease (pp. 266-7).


Born: 1630, Plymouth, Plymouth, MA 711

Marriage: Elizabeth Willoughby about 1652 853

Died: Bef 30 Dec 1702, Westmoreland Co., VA 64,711

 General Notes: 

Isaac2 Allerton, b. in Plymouth, 1630; Harv. Coll. 1650; settled in Virginia. His plantation in Westm. Co. is laid down on Herrman's Map of Virginia and Maryland, engraved by Faithorne, 1670, in March of which year, he, with his neighbors John Lee, Henry Corbin[A] and Thomas Gerrard, surgeon, entered into a compact for building a banquetting-house at or near their respective lands. Gerrard, professedly a Roman Catholic, lived many years in Maryland, was of the Council, and then removed to a plantation on Masthotick (or Machotick) Creek, the southern boundary of Westm. Co., Va.; by his will of 5 February, 1672, he appoints Major Isaac Allerton, John Lee and John Cooper to settle his estate. Called a Papist, Allerton is said to have been appointed by James II to supply the place of Col. Philip Ludwell, about 1687, as Collector of Customs for York River, and, at a Council, held at James City, 18 October, 1688, he and others were present with the Governor, Lord Howard of Effingham. As early as 1652 he had a wife Elizabeth, and Hutchinson, in Hist. of Mass., ii. 461 (pub. 1767), speaks as though there were male offspring in Maryland at that time, but whether he married a second time does not appear; if not, he certainly formed so close a friendship with Mr. Thomas Willoughby, of Elizabeth City, as to name a son for him, viz.: Willoughby Allerton. Mr. Willoughby, born in Virginia on Christmas, 1632, and educated in Merchant Taylors' School, London, styles himself, in deeds of 1688-9, Thomas Willoughby of Elizabeth River, in county of Lower Norfolk, Virginia, gentleman, sole son and heir of the Hon. Lt. Col. Thomas Willoughby of same parish and county. He married Margaret Herbert, had one son Thomas,[B] a daughter who married the Rev. Moses Robertson of St. Stephen's parish, co. Westm., and a daughter Sarah, who dying single in 1740, mentions in her will of January 19, 1738, her brother, Thomas Willoughby, and her cousins (nephews) Thomas, Samuel, William and Allerton Willoughby, also her cousin John Willoughby Robertson.

Neill, in his "Virginia Carolorum," states that in an expedition against the Indians (the Marylanders being under Major Thomas Trueman and the Virginians under Col. John Washington), Col. George Mason and Major Isaac Allerton united their forces about Sept. 27, 1675. Finding no enemy, they laid siege for six weeks to a neighboring fort of friendly Susquehannas, who, finally stealing away by night, soon bitterly retaliated upon the whites. In 1679 it was enacted that a garrison or store-house should be erected at the heads of the four principal rivers, and Maj. Isaac Allerton with Col. St. Leger Codd and Col. George Mason were appointed to superintend building a house, 60×22, and a magazine 10 feet square, at Neapaico, near Occaquan, on the Potomac River.

The will of the Hon. Isaac Allerton, of Westm. Co., Va., dated 25 October, 1702, witnessed by Humphrey Morriss, John Gerrard and Daniel Occany, was proved 30 December following. He describes himself as sick of body, and, after a pious prelude, disposes of his estate as follows: To Church of Cople parish, £10 sterling; to daughter Sarah Lee, and grandson Allerton Newton, two tracts of land in Stafford County; "to my dear daughter Elizabeth Starr, all Heirs who live in New England, 600 acres of land, part of a dividend of 2,150 acres on south side of Rappahannock River to her the said Elizabeth and such of her children as she shall dispose of the same to, but in case the said Elizabeth be dead before the date of this my will, I will & devise the said 600 acres of land to her eldest son and to his heirs forever"; he also gives to her heirs the sum of 2,000 lbs. of tobacco, to be paid upon demand, and 5,000 lbs. to daughter Sarah Lee; and as daughter Traverse "has had a sufficient part or proportion of my estate given her in consideration of marriage, I do therefore for memorial sake give unto her three daughters, Elizabeth, Rebecca and Winifred Traverse, the sum of 1,000 lbs. of tobacco apiece" when 17 years of age or upon marriage; to grandson, Allerton Newton, 1,000 lbs. of tobacco when 21 years of age; "all the remaining part of my lands & tenements not above bequeathed, how or wheresoever situate and being to my well beloved son Willoughby Allerton and to his heirs forever"; he also bequeaths his son all his personal estate, goods and chattels, real and personal, of what kind, sort or quality soever the same be, and appoints him executor.

[A] Henry Corbin, born 1629, merchant of London, came out in 1654, and settled in Stratton Major parish, King and Queen's Co., Va.; his eldest daughter Laetitia died 6 October, 1706, æ. 49, wife of Richard Lee, Esq. (son of Richard Lee), who died 12 March, 1714, æ. 68, and was buried in the Burnt-house fields, Mt. Pleasant, Cople parish, co. Westm. The eldest son, Thomas, ob. s.p.; the second, Gawin, was president of the Council of Virginia, married daughter of William Bassett, and had 3 sons and 4 daughters: Gawin, of the Council, whose d. and h. Martha married George Turberville; Richard, of Laneville, whose influence procured and sent George Washington a commission in 1754; John, settled in Maryland: Jenny, married --- Bushrod; Joanna, married Maj. Robert Tucker; Alice, married an Allerton. -(See Meade's "Ch. and Fam. of Va.")

[B] Thomas Willoughby the third, died in summer of 1753, and was succeeded by his eldest son, John Willoughby, Sr., who by will of August, 1776, leaves his son of the same name, the manor which he had taken up for himself and patented, called Sandy Point (afterwards Willoughby Point), and "a seal gold ring." This ring is again mentioned in the son's (John Willoughby, Jr.) will of February, 1786, proved September, 1791, as "one seal gold ring with the picture with my Court of Armes on it," and is left to son Thomas of the sixth generation. [Allertons of New England and Virginia by Isaac J. Greenwood, NEHGR 44, 1890]

Isaac, b. ab. 1630; grad. H. C. 1650, in the 7th class grad. at that institution; lived at New Haven, and was engaged with his father in the coasting business "to the Dutch at New Netherlands;" m. --- ab. 1652. [Memoir of Isaac Allerton by Hon. Henry W. Cushman, NEHGR, vol. 8, 1854]

Isaac married Elizabeth Willoughby about 1652.853 (Elizabeth Willoughby was born about 1635 in Lower Norfolk Co., VA 660 and died after Apr 1672 660.)

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Isaac Allerton, Jr.'s Timeline

May 22, 1627
Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts
Age 4
Plymouth, Plymouth, Massachusetts, USA
Age 22
Age 22
Age 22
Massachusetts, USA
September 27, 1653
New Haven, New Haven, Conn
England (United Kingdom)
June 11, 1655
New Haven, New Haven County, Connecticut