Jehosaphat, 4th King of Judah

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Jehosaphat .

Hebrew: יהושפט ., מלך יהודה, Spanish: Jehoshaphat ., Estonian: Joosafat ., Polish: Jozafat .
Also Known As: "Jehosaphat", "/ Josaphat / Yehoshafat / Yahusafat"
Birthdate: (59)
Birthplace: Jerusalem, Israel
Death: -849 (55-63)
Jerusalem, Israel
Place of Burial: City of David, Israel
Immediate Family:

Son of Asa ., 3rd King of Judah and Azuba .
Husband of NN ., Wife of Jehosaphat, 4th King of Judah; Maacah . and Zibiah .
Father of Jehoram, 5th King of Judah; Azariah ., #2; Jehiel ., #3; Zechariahu ., #4; Azariahu ., #5 and 2 others

Occupation: Roy de Judée, koning van Juda
Managed by: Esther ROWE Irish
Last Updated:

About Jehosaphat, 4th King of Judah

Wikipedia: Jehoshaphat and יהושפט.

He reigned for 25 years. He was a good king sending priests throughout the land to teach people the Law of God. He made one serious mistake in making an alliance with the kings of Israel who were wicked rulers. He had 7 sons.

source: Jehosaphat, 4th King of Judah

   2 Chronicles 17:1
   2 Chronicles 20:31

Wikipedia: Jehoshaphat and יהושפט]

He reigned for 25 years. He was a good king sending priests throughout the land to teach people the Law of God. He made one serious mistake in making an alliance with the kings of Israel who were wicked rulers. He had 7 sons. -------------------- Jehoshafat ,

occupation: Melech Jehuda,

son of Asa and Azubah to: nn

1) Jehoram , occupation: Melech Jehuda to: Athaliah , daughter of Omri and nn

JehoshaphatFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search For the high priest of Israel, see Jehoshaphat (high priest). For other uses, see Josaphat (disambiguation). Kings of Judah Saul • David • Solomon • Rehoboam • Abijah • Asa • Jehoshaphat • Jehoram • Ahaziah • Athaliah • J(eh)oash • Amaziah • Uzziah/Azariah • Jotham • Ahaz • Hezekiah • Manasseh • Amon • Josiah • Jehoahaz • Jehoiakim • Jeconiah/Jehoiachin • Zedekiah


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Statues of Josaphat and Ezechias on the Monastery of El Escorial.Jehoshaphat (pronounced /dʒəˈhɒʃəˌfæt/, alternately spelled Jehosaphat, Josaphat, or Yehoshafat; Hebrew: יְהוֹשָׁפָט, Modern Yehoshafat Tiberian Yəhôšāp̄āṭ ; " Jehovah has judged"; Greek: Ιωσαφατ; Latin: Josaphat) was the fourth king of the The Kingdom of Judah, and successor of his father Asa.[1] His children included Jehoram, who succeeded him as king. His mother was Azubah[2] Historically, his name has sometimes been connected with the Valley of Jehosaphat,[3] where, according to Joel 3:2, the God of Israel will gather all nations for judgment.

Contents [hide] 1 Reign 2 Alliances 3 Victory over Moabite alliance 4 Chronological notes 5 Popular culture 6 References 7 External links

[edit] ReignJehoshaphat took the throne at the age of thirty-five and reigned for twenty-five years.[2] William F. Albright has dated the reign of Jehoshaphat to 873 – 849 BC. E. R. Thiele held that he became coregent with his father Asa in Asa's thirty-ninth year, 872/871 BC, the year Asa was afflicted with a severe disease in his feet, and then became sole regent when Asa died of the disease in 870/869 BC, his own death occurring in 848/847 BC.[4] Thiele's chronology for the first kings of Judah contained an internal inconsistency that later scholars corrected by dating these kings one year earlier, so that Jehoshaphat's dates are taken as one year earlier in the present article: coregency beginning in 873/871, sole reign commencing in 871/870, and death in 849/848 BC.

Jehoshaphat spent the first years of his reign fortifying his kingdom against Israel (2 Chronicles 17:1-2). The Bible lauds the king for overcoming sexual corruption (1 Kings 22:47), and for destroying the cult images or "idols" of Baal in the land.[citation needed] In the third year of his reign Jehoshaphat sent out priests and Levites over the land to instruct the people in the Law (2 Chronicles 17:7-9), an activity that was commanded for a Sabbatical year in Deuteronomy 31:10-13. The author of 2 Chronicles generally praises his reign, stating that the kingdom enjoyed a great measure of peace and prosperity, the blessing of God resting on the people "in their basket and their store."

[edit] Alliances Michelangelo's Asa-Jehoshaphat-Joram. The man on the left is generally considered to be Jehoshaphat.[citation needed]Jehoshaphat also pursued alliances with his contemporaries ruling the northern kingdom, the first being with Ahab, which was based on marriage: Jehoshaphat married his son Jehoram to Athaliah, daughter of Ahab (2 Kings 8:18). This alliance led to much disgrace, and brought disaster on his kingdom (1 Kings 22:1-33) with the Battle of Ramoth-Gilead. While Jehoshaphat safely returned from this battle, he was confronted by the prophet Jehu, son of Hanani, (2 Chronicles 19:1-3) about this alliance. We are told that Jehoshaphat repented, and returned to his former course of opposition to all idolatry, and promoting the worship of God and in the government of his people (2 Chronicles 19:4-11).

Again he entered into an alliance with Ahaziah, the king of Israel, for the purpose of carrying on maritime commerce with Ophir. But the fleet that was then equipped at Ezion-Gever was immediately wrecked. A new fleet was fitted out without the cooperation of the king of Israel, and although it was successful, the trade was not prosecuted (2 Chronicles 20:35-37; 1 Kings 22:48-49).

He subsequently joined Jehoram, king of Israel, in a war against the Moabites, who were under tribute to Israel. This war was successful. The Moabites were subdued, but seeing Mesha's act of offering his own son in a human sacrifice on the walls of Kir-haresheth filled Jehoshaphat with horror, and he withdrew and returned to his own land (Kings%203:4-27&verse=HE&src=! 2 Kings 3:4-27 HE).

[edit] Victory over Moabite alliance Triumph of Jehosaphat over Adad of Syria. Illustration by Jean Fouquet (1470s) for Flavius Josephus's Jewish Antiquities.The last notable event of his reign occurred when the Moabites formed a great and powerful confederacy with the surrounding nations, and marched against Jehoshaphat (2 Chr. 20). The allied forces were encamped at Ein Gedi. The king and his people were filled with alarm, and betook themselves to God in prayer. The king prayed in the court of the temple, "O our God, will you not judge them? For we have no power to face this vast army that is attacking us. We do not know what to do; but our eyes are upon you." Amid the silence that followed, the voice of Jahaziel the Levite was heard announcing that the next day all this great host would be overthrown. So it was, for they quarreled among themselves, and slew one another, leaving to the people of Judah only to gather the rich spoils of the slain. This was recognized as a great deliverance wrought for them by God. Soon after this victory Jehoshaphat died after a reign of twenty-five years at the age of sixty (1 Kings 22:50). According to some sources (such as the Jewish commentator Rashi) he actually died two years later, but gave up his throne earlier for unknown reasons.

[edit] Chronological notesThe calendars for reckoning the years of kings in Judah and Israel were offset by six months, that of Judah starting in Tishri (in the fall) and that of Israel in Nisan (in the spring). Cross-synchronizations between the two kingdoms therefore often allow narrowing of the beginning and/or ending dates of a king to within a six-month range. For Jehoshaphat, the Scriptural data allow the narrowing of the beginning of his sole reign to some time between Tishri 1 of 871 BC and the day before Nisan 1 of the 870 BC. For calculation purposes, this should be taken as the Judean year beginning in Tishri of 871/870 BC, or more simply 871 BC. His death occurred at some time between Nisan 1 of 848 BC and Tishri 1 of that same BC year, i.e. in the Judean regnal year 849/848 BC, which for calculation purposes can be taken as 849 BC. These dates are one year earlier than those given in the third edition of Thiele's Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings, thereby correcting an internal consistency that Thiele never resolved, as explained in the Rehoboam article.

[edit] Popular cultureThe king's name in the oath jumping Jehosaphat was likely popularized by the name's utility as a euphemism for Jesus and Jehovah. The phrase is first recorded in the 1866 novel The Headless Horseman by Thomas Mayne Reid.[5] The longer version "By the shaking, jumping ghost of Jehosaphat" is seen in the 1865 novel Paul Peabody by Percy Bolingbroke St. John.[6]

Another theory is that the reference is to Joel 3:11-12, where the prophet Joel says, speaking of the judgment of the dead:

11Assemble yourselves, and come, all ye heathen, and gather yourselves together round about: thither cause thy mighty ones to come down, O LORD. 12Let the heathen be wakened, and come up to the valley of Jehoshaphat: for there will I sit to judge all the heathen round about Jehosaphat is one of the "mighty ones" who has come down to judge the wakened heathens (or he is one of the wakened himself, thus, a "ghost".)

In the Looney Tunes cartoon short, Yankee Dood It, uttering "Jehoshaphat" turns elves into mice, while uttering "Rumpelstiltskin" restores them.

Jehoshaphat House of David Cadet branch of the Tribe of Judah Contemporary Kings of Israel:Ahab, Ahaziah, Jehoram Regnal titles Preceded by Asa King of Judah Coregent with Asa: 873–871 BC Sole reign: 871–849 BC Succeeded by Jehoram

Reclaimed the Egyptian gold from the Ammonites: Pesachim 119a

Was known as one who honored those who fear Gd, for he would stand up and call out, "My master! My master! My teacher! My teacher!" when a Torah scholar would pass, and he would rise and hug and kiss the scholar: Makkot 24a

Whether the prohibition against a Tevul Yom's entry to Har haBayit is biblical or a rabbinic institution by King Yehoshafat: Zevachim 32b

Sometimes Yehoshafat is referred to as the son of Nimshi but this may be a reference to Namuseti or Moses.

Yehoshafat also pursued alliances with his contemporaries ruling the northern kingdom, the first being with Ahab, which was based on marriage: Jehoshaphat married his son Jehoram to Athaliah, daughter of Ahab.

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Jehosaphat, 4th King of Judah's Timeline

Jerusalem, Israel
Age 26
Jerusalem, Israel
Age 58
Jerusalem, Israel
Age 59
City of David, Israel
Age 59
BC, King of, Judah
Age 59
BC, King of, Judah
Age 59
BC, King of, Judah