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Marie-Xainte Dupont

French: Marie-Sainte Giroux (Dupont)
Also Known As: "Sainte", "Xainte"
Birthdate: (84)
Birthplace: Paroisse Saint-Jean, Mortagne, Perche, France
Death: July 13, 1680 (84)
Château-Richer, Québec, Canada
Place of Burial: Château-Richer, Québec, Canada
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Paul-Michel Dupont and Perrine Cloutier (or Rousseau)
Wife of Michel Lermusier and Zacharie Cloutier
Mother of Zacharie Cloutier; Jean Cloutier; Marie-Xainte Cloutier; Anne Cloutier; Charles Cloutier and 1 other
Sister of Renée Dupont and Guillaume Dupont

Occupation: Immigrant, Immigrant.
Managed by: Gisèle J.M. Fiola
Last Updated:

About Xainte Dupont

Notes

SEE OTHER ENTRY.


  • Xainte and Zacharie were married on 18 July 1616 in St-Jean Baptiste de Mortagne, Mortagne, Perche, France.
  • Xainte and her husband Zacharie arrived in Québec on 4 June 1634 aboard the ship Saint-Jehan (as did numerous other colonists from Mortagne, Perche, France).

Source: "The Most Distinguished Surname Dupont", House of Names,

"Origins

The French name Dupont first arose during the Medieval period in the Languedoc region. It

is derived from when the family lived in Languedoc. The name Dupont is derived from the Old French word pont, which means bridge, and translates as of the bridge, indicating that the original bearer lived near a prominent bridge.

Ancient History

The family name Dupont is believed to have originated in Languedoc, a region in the south

of France. Formerly a much larger territory than today, Languedoc once comprised Toulouse and part of the Central Massif. In ancient times, the Romans occupied the region, controlling it for centuries, beginning around the year 120 B.C. In the 5th century AD, as the Roman empire waned, southern Gaul (France) was invaded by the Vandals, the Sueves and the Visigoths. Later in the 5th century, the Franks overran Languedoc. The capital, Toulouse, became the capital of the ancient kingdom of Aquitaine, which was ruled from this seat. Around this time, Languedoc became allied to the Duchy of Toulouse on its northern borders. The family name Dupont was first found in Languedoc where the family held a family seat from ancient times.

Spelling Variations

Over the years, most surnames have experienced changes in their spelling. In the Middle Ages

when surnames first began to be used in this region, most people were illiterate by today's standards. Names were generally only written down by scribes or priests, who created a spelling based on local pronunciation. In later years spelling variation was both deliberate and by error: often a son would choose not to spell his name the same way that his father did. Prefixes or suffixes were added and removed; sometimes to differentiate a family branch, in other cases to signify a political or religious adherence. Hence, there are many spelling variations of the name Dupont. Among them, Dupont, du Pont, Duppont, Duppon, Dupon, Dupons, Duppons, Duppond, Dupond, DuPon, DuPont, Dupen, Du Pen, du Pen, du Pons, du Pond and du Pon, to mention but a few.

Early History

Languedoc, in the 10th century, was ravaged by the Muslim incursions by the Moors. It came

under the influence of the Carolingians, but was not part of their empire. From the 11th and 12th century it passed through the hegemony of the Lords of Toulouse, and came to be the homeland of the Albigenses, a religious sect. Pope Innocent III preached a crusade against them, and the country of Toulouse was ravaged by a northern French army, lead by Simon IV de Montfort, in 1209. The French province of Languedoc was formed in 1271, when this whole region came under the French crown of King Louis IX. Languedoc suffered again during the Hundred Years War (1337-1453). In the 16th century the region became a Center of French Protestantism, and people suffered greatly in religious conflicts. Following the French Revolution (1789-1799), Languedoc was divided up into "departments." In the 19th century,

Languedoc became known as one of the bastions of radicalism.

Bearers of the name Dupont were found in Languedoc where the family held a family seat with lands and manor. This ancient family is recorded in the old archives as early as the 12th century. N. Dupont, born in 1490, is recorded as the father of Thomas and Robert Dupont. Their descendants held the positions of Royal Notary to the Marquisate and Magistrate of Fiennes for a century. Nicolas Dupont was the King's steward and in 1640, he received his letters patent confirming his nobility. Members of this noble family took part in the wars of their times where they fought courageously for their King and country. As a reward for their services, many members were titled Knights of Malta and Captains. This family were actively involved in the events of the French Revolution and the resultant political and cultural changes. Jean Charles Dupon joined Bonaparte and was named a Councillor at the Appeals Tribunal of Eure. Later he was made a Knight of the Legion of Honour, Knight of the Empire in 1810, and he became a Councillor at the Imperial Court of Rouen followed by being appointed President of the Chamber of that Court in 1812. He continued to participate actively in politics until 1830 when his Republican leanings forced him to resign his post but he returned as a Deputy and member of the Opposition in 1831. An important member of the family at this time as well, Pierre Dupont, Count of Létang, entered the military as an Under-Lieutenant and by 1791 he was promoted to Captain. He rose quickly in the military ranks and after contributing to the victory at Marengo he established a provisionary government in Toscane and was made a member of the Legion of Honour. He contributed to many more victorious battles and in 1808 he was made a Count of the Empire. He suffered a disastrous loss in Spain, however, where 17,000 French soldiers surrendered to the Spanish General Castanos, and when word reached the Emperor he ordered Pierre Dupont's arrest. Pierre was accused of treason in February 1812, and he had his military rank and decorations revoked. He remained in prison until the fall of the Empire when he was freed and named a commissioner by the provisionary government. Louis XVIII returned him to the military where he received the Cross of the Commander of Saint-Louis.

Early Notables

Notable amongst the family name at this time was Pierre Dupont, Captain and Count of the

Empire.

The Great Migration

During the 16th century, France came to see itself as one of the leaders of Europe, with

exploration of the new world being one of its challenges. Following the explorers, came the early settlements. Jacques Cartier made the first of his three voyages to New France in 1534; then came Champlain in 1608, and the early Jesuit missionaries. In general, the plans for developing Quebec fell far short of the objectives of the "Company of New France." Champlain made over twenty voyages from France in order to encourage immigration to New France. The first true migrant, Louis Hebert, a Parisian apothecary, and his family, arrived in 1617. In 1643, 109 years after the first landings by Cartier, there were still only around 300 French immigrants in New France, by 1663 there were 500, a further 2,000 migrants arrived during the next decade. • Francois Dupont, who arrived in Canada in 1700 • Pierre Dupont, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1757 • Jean Claude Dupont, who landed in Mobile, Ala in 1764 [1] • George Dupont, who settled in Philadelphia in 1768 • Georg Dupont, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1768 [1] • George DuPont, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1768 [1] • Pierre Samuel DuPont, who arrived in Newport, Rhode Island in 1800 [1] • Joseph Dupont, who arrived in Charleston, South Carolina in 1804 [1] • Bernardo Dupont, who arrived in Puerto Rico in 1816 [1] • Luis Dupont, who landed in Puerto Rico in 1816 [1] • Edmund Dupont, aged 20, settled in New Orleans in 1820

Current Notables

The greatest influx of immigrants to the United States occurred between the 1840s and the

1920s. Between these years, around 37 million immigrants arrived in the United States. Many of these later settlers followed opportunities westward. • Henry duPont, American Executive, President and Owner, Sci-Tek Computer Co. Inc., Greenville, Delaware Pierre Antoine Dupont -Chaumont, French Divisional General during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars from 1789 to 1815 [2] • Pierre Dupont de l'Étang, French Divisional General during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars from 1789 to 1815 [2] • Louis-François-Bertrand du Pont d'Aubevoye de Lauberdière, French Divisional General during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars from 1789 to 1815 [3] • A. Jerome Dupont, American Democrat politician, Candidate in primary for U.S. Representative from Michigan 2nd District, 1968 [4] • Adelard Dupont, American politician, Delegate to New Hampshire State Constitutional Convention from Nashua 7th Ward, 1948 [4] • Albert M. Dupont, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Louisiana, 1908 [4] • Alvin P. DuPont, American politician, Mayor of Tuscaloosa, Alabama, 2005 [4] • Antonio Dupont, American Democrat politician, Member of New Hampshire State House of Representatives from Pembroke; Elected 1938 [4] • C. Ory Dupont, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Louisiana, 1948 [4] • Charles H. DuPont, American politician, Justice of Florida State Supreme Court, 1854-68 [4] As well as 25 more in the Appendix.

Source: "The Most Distinguished Surname Dupont", Certificate No.372739201814, purchased 2018 January 04 by Marie Ouellet, Geni Basic Member, Copyright 1998-2018 Swyrich Corporation. All Rights Reserved, www.houseofnames.com 888-468-7686

Source: "Château de Quéribus", Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chateau_de_Queribus, submitted by Marie Ouellet, Geni basic member

The Château de Quéribus

The keep of the Château de Quéribus The Château de Quéribus (in Occitan Castèl de Queribús) is a ruined castle in the commune of Cucugnan in the Aude département of France. It has been listed as a monument historique by the French Ministry of Culture since 1907.

Queribus is one of the "Five Sons of Carcassonne", along with Aguilar, Peyrepertuse, Termes and Puilaurens: five castles strategically placed to defend the French border against the Spanish, until the border was moved in 1659.

It is sometimes regarded as the last Cathar stronghold. After the fall of Montségur in 1244 surviving Cathars gathered together in another mountain-top stronghold on the border of Aragon (the present border between the Aude and the Pyrénées-Orientales).

In 1255, a French army was dispatched to deal with these remaining Cathars, but they slipped away without a fight, probably to Aragon or Piedmont - both regions where Cathar beliefs were still common, and where the Occitan language was spoken.

Quéribus is high and isolated. It stands on top of the highest peak for miles around. In 1951 restoration work on the turret began, and between 1998-2002 a complete restoration of the castle was undertaken: the castle is now accessible to visitors.

It is at coordinates 42°50′11″N 2°37′16″ECoordinates: 42°50′11″N 2°37′16″E and an altitude of 728 m. The nearest village is Maury, Pyrénées-Orientales (population 1000).

See also in Wikipedia, www.Wikipedia.org Cathar castles List of castles in France

Further reading: (in French) Langlois, Gauthier. Olivier de Termes, le cathare et le croisé (vers 1200-1274), Toulouse : Éditions Privat, 2001, 288 p. (Collection Domaine cathare). (in French) Poudou, Francis and Langlois (Gauthier), (dir.) - Canton de Tuchan et communauté de communes des Hautes Corbières, Narbonne : Fédération audoise Léo Lagrangre, 2003.

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Xainte Dupont's Timeline

1596
January 1, 1596
Mortagne, Perche, France
1617
August 16, 1617
Age 21
Mortagne, Perche, France
1620
May 13, 1620
Age 24
Mortagne, Perche, France
1622
November 1, 1622
Age 26
St Jean Mortagne-au-Perche Orne France,,,,,
1626
January 19, 1626
Age 30
Mortagne, Perche, France
1629
1629
Age 33
Mortagne, Perche, France
1632
March 16, 1632
Age 36
Mortagne, Perche, France