|Also Known As:||"Zoar"|
|Birthplace:||Duxbury, (Present Plymouth County), Plymouth Colony (Present Massachusetts)|
|Death:||Died in Tiverton, Newport County, Rhode Island, United States|
|Cause of death:||Slain by 6 Indians - one named Manasses - during King Phillips' War|
|Place of Burial:||unknown|
Son of Henry Howland, Jr. of Duxbury and Mary "Sarah" Howland
|Managed by:||Private User|
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About Zoeth Howland
FORUM ARTICLES SEARCH Home > User Trees > Cheryl-A-Howland Howland's of Connecticut:Information about Zoeth Howland Zoeth Howland (b. 1636, d. Bet. 21 Jan 1675 - 1676) Zoeth Howland (son of Henry Howland and Mary Newland)34 was born 1636 in Duxbury, Plymouth, MA34, and died Bet. 21 Jan 1675 - 1676 in Tiverton, newport, RI34.
He married Abigail ? on Oct 1656 in Newport, Newport, RI.
More About Zoeth Howland and Abigail ?:
Marriage: Oct 1656, Newport, Newport, RI.
Children of Zoeth Howland and Abigail ? are:
+Nicholas Howland, b. 13 Jul 1670, Newport, Newport, RI35, d. 01 Apr 1722, Possibly Dartmouth, Bristol, MA36.
Benjamin Howland, b. Bet. 08 Mar 1656 - 1657, Duxbury, Plymouth, MA.36, d. Bet. 12 Feb 1725 - 172636.
Nathaniel Howland, b. 05 Aug 1657, Duxbury, Plymouth, MA36, d. Bet. 03 Mar 1722 - 1723, Dartmouth, Bristol, MA36. Daniel Howland, b. May 1661, Duxbury, Plymouth, MA36, d. WFT Est. 1662-175136.
Lydia Howland, b. 23 Sep 1663, d. WFT Est. 1664-1757 . Mary Howland, b. 23 Dec 1665, d. WFT Est. 1666-1759.
Sarah Howland Howland, b. Bet. Feb 1667 - 1668, d. WFT Est. 1669-1762.
Henry Howland Howland, b. 30 Jun 1672, d. WFT Est. 1722-1764.
Abigail Howland, b. 30 Jun 1672, d. WFT Est. 1673-1766.
'Son of Henry, was born probably in Duxbury about 1636. In the tenth month, 1656, he was married to his wife Abigail, as appears by the Friends' records at Newport, R. I. In 1657 he took the oath of "Fidelitie" at Duxbury, but because of his Quaker proclivities held the clergy of the established church in little esteem. Witness a deposition of one Samuel Hunt about this time:
"About a fortnight before the date heerof, being att the house of Zoeth Howland, hee said hee would not goe to meeting to hear lyes, and that the diuill [devil] could teach as good a sermon as the minnisters; and that a 2cond time being att the house of the said Zoeth Howland, and his brother, John Hunt, and Tho Delano being with him, hee questioned with the said Zoeth Howland whether hee would not goe to the meeting, because the minnesters taught lyes, and that the diuill could teach as good a sermon as the minnesters, and hee said hee denied it not. Also, Tho Delano questioned him whether the minnesters taught lyes, and hee said yes, and lett him looke in the Scriptures and hee should find it soe." For this audacious utterance Zoeth was arraigned at the term of Court in March, 1657-58, "for speaking opprobriously of the minnesters of Gods Word," and was sentenced to sit in the stocks. He and his wife were also fined for not attending the ordained meetings. It is therefore not surprising that he departed from Plymouth, and made his home in Dartmouth, on a portion of his father's holdings, where he could breath a freer air. At his death his estate, as reported to the Court at Plymouth June 7, 1677, included a quarter share of land valued at fifteen pounds, a yoke of oxen, three cows, one mare, and miscellaneous farming and household utensils. There is no record of a will.
Zoeth Howland was slain by the Indians at Puncatest, in Tiverton, R. I.,
near the ferry, on March 28, 1676.
The ferry was subsequently kept by Zoeth's son Daniel, and known for many years as "Howland's Ferry."
It is probable that Zoeth was going to or from the Friends' meeting at Newport when he met death. John Cook of Portsmouth, R. I., at a court-martial held on some Indians at Newport in August, 1676, testified that being at Puncatest in the middle of July he asked several Indians
"Who killed Zoeth Howland?" and they said "there were six in the company and that Manasses was the Indian that fetched him out of the water."
Zoeth and Abigail Howland had nine children, the births of the first eight being established by the Newport Friends' records. The sons were Nathaniel, Benjamin, Daniel, Henry
and the daughters Lydia, Mary, Sarah and Abigail. The mother applied to the Court for an order in her favor to assist in rearing her large family, and on July 3, 1678, was granted her husband's entire estate, "lands, goods and chattels."
On Dec. 2, 1678, she married Richard Kirby, Jr.
"In the following spring, a pious Quaker from Dartmouth, one Zoeth Howland, was passing through Pocasset, as he was wont to travel, for the purpose of attending the meetings of his sect at Newport. On the way through Tiverton he was waylaid by six savages, one of whom went by the name Manasses. Without any provocation, the peaceful Friend was slain in cold blood and the assassins satisfied their passion by mutilating the dead body. Then they carried the mangled corpse in the stream which flows into Nannaquaket Pond at the foot of Highland Road and threw it in the water. His horrified friends, when they discovered the outrage, called the brook "Sinning Flesh River," the name by which it has been known to the present day." Albion C. Cook, "The Early Years of Tiverton;" Rhode Island Sinning Flesh River: HomeFacts & Folklore Sin and Flesh Brook, looking upstream from its outlet at Nannaquaket Pond. Quahog.org Sin and Flesh Brook River of death! Old Main Road, Tiverton On March 28, 1676, a pious fellow named Zoeth Howland was riding from Dartmouth to Newport to attend a Quaker meeting. It was quite a distance to travel in those days, and all the more so because of the dangers en route. Howland had to be careful of wolves and rattlesnakes, and, because of the ongoing King Philip's War, ticked-off Indians. Having come about fifteen miles from Dartmouth, and with a like distance still to go, Howland was following a small stream through a forest in Tiverton when he was ambushed by six Native Americans. They killed the dedicated church-goer, mutilated his body and threw the mangled corpse into the stream. According to an article by Elon Cook on the Sakonnet Historical website, court records reveal that one man was brought to justice for Zoeth's murder
His name was Manasses (or Molasses), and his punishment was to be sold into slavery.
After the discovery of Howland's body, the brook became known as "Sinning Flesh River." Over the years the name has been colloquialized to Sin and Flesh Brook. Since no mention is made in the story of any sin that Howland may have committed, we're not sure of the exact connection, but it's a cool name, anyway. The easiest access point to the brook is at its outlet into Nannaquaket Pond. For those who are more intrepid, Fort Barton Woods is only a short drive up Highland Road. A military redoubt used during the Revolutionary War, Fort Barton commands a splendid view of the Sakonnet River and the Portsmouth shore. Behind the fort are several miles of wooded trails that offer a pleasant spot for an afternoon walk. Although it's not marked, some of the trails pass over Sin and Flesh Brook, perhaps close to the spot where Zoeth Howland lost his life. The brook appears unencumbered by human improvements now, but that wasn't always the case. In the early 1800s it was dammed in a number of places to supply water power for various types of mills. Mill ponds also were a source of ice in winter. If you're going to go poking around in Fort Barton Woods, you'd best take a nature trail map. This flier on cultural history and natural communities might be of interest, as well. Both PDFs appear courtesy of the Town of Tiverton Open Space Commission. And if you see Zoeth, well, tell him we said "howdy!" Finding it: from Route 95 take exit 20 for Route 195 east to exit 8 in Fall River; follow Route 24 to Route 77 south (Main Road); turn left onto Bridgeport Road just at the north end of Nannaquaket Pond; Old Main Road passes over Sin and Flesh Brook where it empties into the pond. If you continue up Highland Road from there, you will soon come to Fort Barton Woods on the right. Map data ©2016 Google This article last edited May 4, 2015 © 1999–2016 Quahog.org (with the exception of elements provided by contributors, as noted).
1657, December- Fined for having meetings of Quakers at his house. He had recently converted from Puritan faith to Quaker.
1657/8- Arraigned for speaking opprobiously of the ministers of Gods Words and sentenced "to sitt in the stockes for the space of one houre, or during the pleasure of the Court, which accordingly was pformed and soe released." The offensive utterance was he would not go to the Puritain meeting to hear lyes, and that the deuill (devil) could teach as good a sermon as the ministers. He repeated this to at least two witinesses and when questioned again about whether he thought the ministers taught lyes, he responded, "let him looke in the Scriptures and hee should find it so.
It would appear that Zoeth was over a hundred years ahead of his time as the right to freedom of speech and religion had not yet been granted to every citizen. 1662- Moved to Dartmouth, MA. Killed by the Indians at Pocaset, RI during King Philip's War. Siblings: Joseph, John, Samuel, Sarah, Elizabeth, Mary, Abigail.
Zoeth Howland's Timeline
Duxbury, (Present Plymouth County), Plymouth Colony (Present Massachusetts)
August 5, 1657
Duxbury, Plymouth, Massachusetts, USA
March 8, 1659
Duxbury, Plymouth, Massachusetts, United States
Duxbury, Plymouth Colony
November 23, 1663
Dartmouth, Bristol, Massachusetts
December 23, 1665
Duxbury, Plymouth Colony
Dartmouth, Bristol, Massachusetts
July 13, 1670
Duxbury, Plymouth, Massachusett
June 30, 1672
Duxbury, Plymouth, Massachusetts