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British Army - Coldstream Guards

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Image above Trooping the Colour 2014 Scots Guards and Coldstream Guards by David Holt flickr 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0)
Badge right Courtesy of - Military Badge Collection -Niels Pedersen (adapted)

Coldstream Guards
British Army - Guards Division Including
(Reflecting historic name changes)

2nd Regiment of Foot Guards

Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards

Duke of Albermarle's Regiment

Duke of Albermarle's Regiment of Foot Guards

Duke of Albermarle's Regiment of Foot (Lord General's Regiment)

George Monck's Regiment

Please link profiles of those who served in the Coldstream Guards (including those in the "included" list above), to this project regardless of rank, conflict or nationality. People of note can be individually listed in Alphabetical Order below.
See

Regiments and Corps of the British Army


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Coldstream Guards

Active - 1650 - present

The grouping of buttons on the tunic is a common way to distinguish between the regiments of Foot Guards. Coldstream buttons are arranged in pairs, and a Star of the Garter is marked on their brassware.

Motto - "Nulli Secundus" (Latin) "Second to None"

Uniform -
Blue peaked cap has a white band and welt (since the 1860s); Scarlet plume on the right side of the bearskin cap. Badge - - the Star of the Order of the Garter, bestowed on the regiment by William III in 1696. The officers "cap star" is in the old elongated form with the cross of St. George in red.

Corps March -

  • Quick – Milanollo
  • Slow – Figaro ("Non più andrai" from The Marriage of Figaro)

Nick-name - The Lilywhites

Colonel in Chief HM The Queen

Colonel of the Regiment - Lieutenant General Sir James Bucknall, KCB, CBE

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Today

The Coldstream Guards (COLDM GDS) is a part of the Guards Division, Foot Guards regiments of the British Army. It is the oldest regiment in the Regular Army in continuous active service, originating in Coldstream, Scotland in 1650 when General George Monck founded the regiment. It is one of two regiments of the Household Division that can trace its lineage to the New Model Army, the other being the Blues and Royals (Royal Horse Guards and 1st Dragoons).

Timeline

1650 - formed as Monck's Regiment of Foot by Colonel George Monck. Monck took men from the regiments of George Fenwick and Sir Arthur Haselrig. Less than two weeks later this force took part in the Battle of Dunbar, at which the Roundheads defeated the forces of Charles Stuart.

1660 - Re-designated the Duke of Albermarle's Regiment of Foot

1661 - Adopted into the King's service as The Lord General's Regiment of Foot Guards, a part of the Household Troops

1670 - Monck died in 1670 and the William Craven, 1st Earl of Craven took command of the regiment adopting a new name, the Coldstream Regiment of Foot Guards.

1685 - saw active service in Flanders and in the Monmouth Rebellion, including the decisive Battle of Sedgemoor

1760 - the 2nd Battalion was sent to Germany to campaign under Prince Ferdinand of Brunswick and fought in the Battle of Wilhelmstal and at the Castle of Amöneburg. Three Guards companies of 307 men under Coldstream commander [Major General Edward Mathew Colonel Edward Mathew] fought in the American Revolutionary War.

1782 - Re-designated 2nd Regiment of Foot Guards

1855 Re-designated Coldstream Guards

Battle honours

The Coldstream Guards have earned 117 battle honours:

  • Tangier 1680, Namur 1695, Gibraltar 1704–1705, Oudenarde, Malplaquet, Dettingen, Lincelles, Egypt, Talavera, Barrosa, Fuentes d'Onor, Salamanca, Nive, Peninsula, Waterloo, Alma, Inkerman, Sevastopol, Tel-el-Kebir, Egypt 1882, Suakin 1885, Modder River, South Africa 1899–1902
  • The Great War (5 battalions): Mons, Retreat from Mons, Marne 1914, Aisne 1914, Ypres 1914 '17, Langemarck 1914, Gheluvelt, Nonne Bosschen, Givenchy 1914, Neuve Chapelle, Aubers, Festubert 1915, Loos, Mount Sorrel, Somme 1916 '18, Flers-Courcelette, Morval, Pilckem, Menin Road, Poelcappelle, Passchendaele, Cambrai 1917 '18, St. Quentin, Bapaume 1918, Arras 1918, Lys, Hazebrouck, Albert 1918, Scarpe 1918, Drocourt-Quéant, Hindenburg Line, Havrincourt, Canal du Nord, Selle, Sambre, France and Flanders 1914–1918
  • The Second World War: Dyle, Defence of Escaut, Dunkirk 1940, Cagny, Mont Pincon, Quarry Hill, Estry, Heppen, Nederrijn, Venraij, Meijel, Roer, Rhineland, Reichswald, Cleve, Goch, Moyland, Hochwald, Rhine, Lingen, Uelzen, North-West Europe 1940 '44–45, Egyptian Frontier 1940, Sidi Barrani, Halfaya 1941, Tobruk 1941-42, Msus, Knightsbridge, Defence of Alamein Line, Medenine, Mareth, Longstop Hill 1942, Sbiba, Steamroller Farm, Tunis, Hammam Lif, North Africa 1940–1943, Salerno, Battipaglia, Cappezano, Volturno Crossing, Monte Camino, Calabritto, Garigliano Crossing, Monte Ornito, Monte Piccolo, Capture of Perugia, Arezzo, Advance to Florence, Monte Domini, Catarelto Ridge, Argenta Gap, Italy 1943–1945
  • Gulf 1991

Regimental Colonels

Notable Personnel

Names with Bold links are to Geni profiles. Other links take you to external biographical web pages.

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W

Sources, References and Further Reading

  • Brereton, J M A Guide to the regiments and Corps of the British Army on the Regular Establishment (Bodley Head) 1985
  • Griffin, P D Encyclopedia of Modern British Army Regiments (Sutton Publishers) 2006
  • Lumley, Goff Amalgamations in the British Army 1660-2008 (Partizan Press 2009)
  • WIKI Coldstream Guards

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