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Early and Notable Families of Charlestown, Massachusetts 1629-1818

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  • Capt. Edward Johnson, of Woburn (1598 - 1672)
    From an unknown source; "Captain Edward Johnson was born in 1599, and before emigrating to New England, resided at Herne Hill, near Canterbury, County of Kent, England. His Will indicates that he was...
  • Ezekiel Richardson, of Woburn (bef.1606 - 1647)
    Descendants of Ezekiel Richardson of Woburn There were other Richardsons in the First Generation of New England people, besides those who settled in Woburn. We find John Richardson, a proprietor in W...
  • Edward Winn (c.1604 - 1682)
    Edward Winn Birth: 1599 Ipswich, Suffolk, England Death: Sep. 5, 1682 Woburn, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, USA Edward Winn (1599-1682) was born in Ipswich, ENGLAND, the son of Edward Wynne ...
  • Dea. John Mousall (1596 - 1665)
    He was the founder and much honored citizen of Woburn. He was the erector of one of the first houses. See documentation concerning John in "The New England historical and genealogical register, Volum...
  • Samuel Richardson, of Woburn (bef.1604 - 1658)
    Samuel Richardson Birth: Dec 22 1604 / ca 1601 in Westmill, Hertfordshire, England, Death: Mar 23 1658 - Woburn, Middlesex, Massachusetts Parents: Thomas Richardson, Katherine Duxford Married...

Early History of Charlestown

Thomas Walford and his wife Jane Walford (Guy) were the original English settlers of Mishawaum (later Charlestown); they settled there in 1624. They were given a grant by Sir Robert Gorges, with whom they had settled at Wessagusset (Weymouth) in September 1623. John Endicott, first governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony, had sent William, Richard and Ralph Sprague to Mishawaum to lay out a settlement. Thomas Walford, acting as an interpreter with the Massachusetts Indians, negotiated with the local sachem Wonohaquaham for Endicott and his people to settle there. Although Walford had a virtual monopoly on the region's available furs, he welcomed the newcomers and helped them in any way he could, unaware that his Episcopalian religious beliefs would cause him to be banished from Massachusetts to Portsmouth, New Hampshire within three years. Originally a Puritan English city during the Colonial era (a time to which many of the neighborhood's structures date), Charlestown was founded in 1628, and settled July 4, 1629, by Thomas Graves, Increase Nowell, Simon Hoyt, Rev. Francis Bright, Ralph, Richard and William Sprague and about 100 others who preceded the Great Migration. John Winthrop's company stopped here for some time in 1630, before deciding to settle across the Charles River at Boston.

The territory of Charlestown originally included what is now Melrose and Malden (both until 1649), Stoneham (until 1725), Somerville (until 1842), Medford, Everett, Woburn, Burlington, and parts of Arlington and Cambridge. On June 17, 1775 the Charlestown Peninsula was the site of the Battle of Bunker Hill. Much of the battle took place on Breed's Hill, which overlooked the harbor and the town and was only about 400 yards from the southern end of the peninsula; Bunker Hill is near the northwest end of the peninsula, close to Charlestown Neck and about a mile from the Charles River. The town, including its wharves and dockyards, was destroyed by fire during the battle.


First Covenanters of Charlestown

Notable persons of Charlestown