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Famous people from Prague

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Famous people from Prague

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En, See also: Cz, De, Nl, Bs

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The arts

  • H. G. Adler (1910–1988) — German-language writer; born and lived in Prague
  • Filiip Albrecht (born 1977) — lyricist, film producer, writer; lives in Prague
  • Jana Andrsová (born 1939) — actress and ballerina; born and lives in Prague
  • Lída Baarová (1914–2000) — actress; lived and died in Prague
  • Max Brod (1884–1968) — German-language writer; born and lived in Prague
  • Karel Čapek (1890–1938) — writer; lived and died in Prague
  • Gene Deitch (born 1924) — American-born animator; lives in Prague
  • Emmy Destinn (1878–1930) — operatic soprano; born in Prague
  • Antonín Dvořák (1841–1904) — composer; lived most of his life in Prague
  • Miloš Forman (1932–2018) — film director, won twice Academy Award for Best Director; studied and lived in Prague
  • Karel Gott (born 1939) — singer; lives in Prague
  • Jaroslav Hašek (1883–1923) — writer, humorist and satirist; lived in Prague for most of his life, described the city in many stories
  • Václav Havel (1936–2011) — dramatist, writer and politician; President of Czechoslovakia and Czech republic (its first; 1993–2003); born and lived in Prague
  • Vladimír Holan (1905–1980) — poet; born, lived and died in Prague
  • Bohumil Hrabal (1914–1997) — writer; lived and died in Prague
  • Leoš Janáček (1854–1928) — composer; studied in Prague
  • Fanny Janauschek (1830–1904) — actress; migrated to the United States in 1867
  • Franz Kafka (1883–1924) — German-language fiction writer; born and lived in Prague
  • Tomas Kalnoky (born 1980) — guitarist, singer; born in Prague
  • Egon Erwin Kisch (1885–1948) – German-language journalist and writer; born, lived, and died in Prague
  • Stefan Kisyov (born 1963) — novelist; lives in Prague
  • Paul Kornfeld (1889–1942) — German-language playwright and novelist; born and lived in Prague
  • Ivan Kral (born 1948) — guitarist, singer, record producer and film director; born in Prague
  • Milan Kundera (born 1929) — writer; studied, lectured at the Academy of Performing Arts in Prague
  • Jiří Menzel (born 1938) — film director (his first feature film, Closely Watched Trains (1966) won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film); born in Prague
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756–1791) — composer; some of his best opera successes were during his time in Prague
  • Alfons Mucha (1860–1939) — Art Nouveau painter and decorative artist; spent last decades of his life in Prague
  • Josef Václav Myslbek (1848–1922) — sculptor; born in Prague and creator of the Wenceslas Monument in Prague's Wenceslas Square
  • Zuzana Navarová (1959–2004) — singer; lived and died in Prague
  • Jože Plečnik (1872–1957) — Slovene architect; built several churches and parts of the Prague Castle
  • Rainer Maria Rilke (1875–1926) — German-language poet; born and studied in Prague
  • Karel Roden (born 1962) — actor; lives in Prague
  • Jan Saudek (born 1935) — art photographer; born and lives in Prague
  • Jaroslav Seifert (1901–1986) — poet and recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature (1984); lived in Prague
  • Bedřich Smetana (1824–1884) — composer; lived and died in Prague
  • Jiří Suchý (born 1931) — actor, singer, playwright, writer; born and lives in Prague
  • Bertha von Suttner (1843–1914) — novelist, pacifist activist and writer, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (1905)
  • Johannes Urzidil (1896–1970) — German-language writer; born and lived in Prague, described the city in many stories (The Lost Beloved, 1956, Prague Triptych, 1960)
  • Marja Vallila (born 1950) — sculptor
  • Robert Vano (born 1948) — art photographer; lives in Prague
  • Sonja Vectomov (born 1979) — composer, musician; lives in Prague
  • Konrad Wallerstein (1879–1944?) — musician (singer), educator, composer; born and lived in Prague
  • Lothar Wallerstein (1882–1949) — opera director; born and studied in Prague
  • Felix Weltsch (1884–1964) — German-language writer; born and lived in Prague
  • Robert Weltsch (1891–1982) — German-language journalist; born and lived in Prague
  • Franz Werfel (1890–1945) — German-language writer; born and lived in Prague
  • Jan Werich (1905–1980) — actor, singer, playwright, writer; born, lived and died in Prague
  • David Woodard (born 1964) — American-born writer and businessman; lives in Prague

Monarchs

  • Charles IV (1316–1378) — Holy Roman Emperor; under his rule the Charles University in Prague was established and the Charles Bridge was built; made the city his main seat of government
  • Rudolf II (1552–1612) — Holy Roman Emperor; made the city the capital of the Habsburg Empire; attracted both scientists and charlatans to Prague

The sciences

  • Bernard Bolzano (1781–1848) — mathematician, logician, philosopher, Catholic theologian
  • Tycho Brahe (1546–1601) — astronomer; spent end of life near Prague
  • Carl Ferdinand Cori (1896–1984) — biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1947)
  • Gerty Cori (1896–1957) — biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1947)
  • Karl Deutsch (1912–1992) — social scientist, political scientist
  • Albert Einstein (1879–1955) — physicist, served as professor at the German part of the Charles University in Prague (1911–1912)
  • Jaroslav Heyrovský (1890–1967) — chemist; inventor of the polarographic method and recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1959); born, lived most of his life and died in Prague
  • Antonín Holý (1936–2012) — chemist, pharmacologist
  • Jan Janský (1873–1921) — serologist, neurologist, psychiatrist
  • Johannes Kepler (1571–1630) — astronomer; in 1601, he succeeded Tycho Brahe as imperial mathematician and the next eleven years lectured for several years in Prague and published his paper on Doppler effect there

In sports

  • Jitka Harazimova (born 1975) — professional bodybuilder; born and live in Prague
  • Martina Navratilova (born 1956) — tennis player; 18 times Grand Slam champion (9 time Wimbledon champion), born in Prague
  • Pavel Nedvěd (born 1972) — football midfielder; European football player of the year 2003, played for Sparta Prague and Dukla Prague
  • Felix Pipes (born 1887) - Olympic medalist tennis player
  • František Plánička (1904–1996) — football goalkeeper, captain of the Czechoslovakia national football team
  • Tomáš Rosický (born 1980) — football midfielder; born in Prague
  • Jan Soukup (born 1979) — karateka and kickboxer; born in Prague
  • Emil Zátopek (1922–2000) — athlete; lived and died in Prague
  • Tomáš Hertl (born in 1993) — ice hockey player, plays in the National Hockey League for the San Jose Sharks; Plays for the Czech Republic men's national ice hockey team; born and raised in Prague

Other fields

  • Michael Bacharach, 18th century Rabbinic judge or Dayan
  • Karel Baxa (1863–1938) — politician; mayor of Prague for almost two decades
  • Adolph Aloys von Braun (1818-1904) - diplomat and statesman
  • Charles Fried (1935) — United States Solicitor General, 1985–89
  • Reinhard Heydrich (1904–1942) — Nazi general and protector; assassinated in Prague during Operation Anthropoid while serving as governor of the occupied country
  • Jan Hus (1369–1415) — priest, philosopher, reformer; most-important preaching done in Prague
  • Jerome of Prague (1379–1416) – Czech scholastic philosopher, theologian, reformer, and professor.
  • Pyotra Krecheuski (1879–1928) – Belarusian statesman and president of the Rada of the Belarusian Democratic Republic in exile; died in Prague
  • František Křižík (1847–1941) — inventor, electrical engineer and entrepreneur – the main-belt asteroid 5719 Křižík was named in his honor, set up his company in Prague
  • Judah Loew ben Bezalel (1525–1609) — Talmudic scholar, Jewish mystic and philosopher; lived most of his life in Prague
  • Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk (1850–1937) — philosopher, politician; lived in Prague for a substantial part of his life
  • Jan Patočka (1907–1977) — philosopher; born, lived and died in Prague
  • Vasil Zacharka (1877–1943) – Belarusian statesman and the second president of the Belarusian Democratic Republic in exile; died in Prague
  • Jan Žižka (circa 1360–1424) — general and Hussite leader; participated in start of the rebellion in Prague, later defended the city against Crusaders in the first anti-Hussite crusade of the Hussite Wars