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  • Daoguang Emperor of Qing Dynasty 清道光帝 (1782 - 1850)
    Min-ning 旻寧 (original ming Mien-ning 綿寧, Sept. 16, 1782-1850, Feb. 25, was the sixth emperor of the Ch'ing dynasty, who ruled for thirty years under the reign-title, Tao-kuang 道光 (1821-51). He was the ...
  • Shunzhi Emperor of Qing Dynasty 清順治帝 (1638 - 1661)
    Fu-lin 福臨 (Buddhist name 行癡, H. 癡道人, 太和主人, 體元齋主人, Mar. 15,1638-1661, Feb. 5, first Manchu emperor of China, whose reign-period, Shun-chih 順治, covered the years 1644 to 1661, was the ninth son of Abahai...
  • Yongzheng Emperor of Qing Dynasty 清雍正帝 (1678 - 1735)
    Yin-chên 胤禎 (H. 破塵居士, Dec. 13, 1678-1735, Oct. 8, third Emperor of the Ch'ing dynasty, ruled in the years 1723-36, under the reign-title Yung-chêng 雍正. He was the fourth son of Emperor Shêng-tsu. His m...
  • Qianlong Emperor of Qing Dynasty 清乾隆帝 (1711 - 1799)
    Hung-li 弘曆 (H. 長春居士, 信天主人, 古稀天子, 十全老人), Sept. 25, 1711-1799, Feb. 7, 3: the fourth emperor of the Ch'ing dynasty, who ruled under the reign-title Ch'ien-lung 乾隆 (1736-1796). As the fourth son of Empero...
  • Jiaqing Emperor of Qing Dynasty 清嘉慶帝 (1760 - 1820)
    Yung-yen 顒琰, Nov. 13, 1760-1820, Sept. 2, the fifth Emperor of the Ch'ing Dynasty, who ruled from 1796 until his death, under the reign title, Chia-ch'ing 嘉慶, was the fifth son of Emperor Kao-tsung (se...

The House of Aisin Gioro 愛新覺羅 (or 愛辛覺羅), the reigning family of All Under Heaven (modern China + Mongolia, with Korean, Ryukyu, etc. among its tributary states) from 1644 to 1911 (清 Qing Dynasty), has one of the most extended Genealogy Records (perhaps second only to Confucius' family) that fill up 8 large volumes in its 1936 edition. Collaboration is crucial, and coordination is needed.

Chinese names should be provided, in traditional characters, as well as the (romanized) Manchu/Mongolian names if known. It's open to discussion what display names should be. A tentative scheme is given below.

Reigning as a far minority over a vast empire, the Manchu imperial clan sought to consolidate their power through intermarriage with other powerful Manchu families. As a result, almost all important figures of the Qing period (registered under the Banner system) are related to the Aisin Gioro clan, often by more than one path.

A broader project would include all men under the Banner system (八旗), which consists of eight Manchu Banners, eight Chinese Banners, and eight Mongolian Banners. The division was not strictly ethnic, and there were even some, albeit very few, Koreans and Russians.

Dates of birth and death are only given in terms of the corresponding Western year, with precise Chinese dates in the Timeline descriptions, until Geni is able to handle calendar conversions.

Reference

  • 《愛新覺羅宗譜》, last update in 1936
  • Hummel, ed., Eminent Chinese of the Ch'ing Period 清代名人傳略, 1943

世袭罔替

The Manchus modeled their hereditary system on that of the Chinese, the Ming in particular, in which princedoms were bestowed to almost all sons of Emperors, and inherited indefinitely. Given that all Emperors (and their sons) had multiple concubines in addition to the Empress, the number of royalties with titles would grow exponentially, causing serious problems later in the dynasty. Recognizing that, the Manchus adopted a different system: the titles of princedom should degrade by one rank when passed down to (one member of) the next generation, until it reached the 5th or 6th rank.

  1. 和碩親王 hošoi cinwang
  2. 多羅郡王 doroi junwang
  3. 多羅貝勒 doroi beile
  4. 固山貝子 gusai beise
  5. 奉恩鎮國公
  6. 奉恩輔國公

The exceptions were granted to eight princes who had distinguished themselves in the founding of the Manchu Empire; their hereditary titles would pass down without degrade, known as 世袭罔替, and their lineages remained prominent until throughout the dynasty.

One more princedom "in perpetuity" was granted in mid-Qing, and three more in late Qing. These 12 princedoms are listed below, to help navigate through the vast web of the Aision Gioro clan.

  • (full) title: First Holder ---> Last Holder (as of 1911)
  1. 和碩禮親王: 禮烈親王 Daišan Aisin Gioro ---> 禮恪親王 世鐸
  2. 和碩睿親王: 睿忠親王 Dorgon Aisin Gioro ---> 斌 Aisin Gioro
  3. 和碩豫親王: 豫通親王 Dodo Aisin Gioro ---> 豫亲王 懋林
  4. 和碩肅親王: 肅武親王 Haoge Aisin Gioro ---> 肅忠親王 耆 Aisin Gioro
  5. 和碩鄭親王: 鄭獻親王 Jirgalang Aisin Gioro ---> 鄭親王 照煦
  6. 和碩莊親王: 承澤裕親王 碩塞 ---> 莊恭親王 載功
  7. 多羅順承郡王: 順承恭惠郡王 Lekedehun Aisin Gioro ---> 訥勒赫 Aisin Gioro
  8. 多羅克勤郡王: 克勤郡王 岳托 ---> 克勤郡王 晏森