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Orfeo ed Euridice (opera by Gluck)

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  • Jorma Uotinen
    Jorma Leo Kalevi Uotinen is a Finnish dancer, singer and choreographer. As a dancer and choreographer, Uotinen has worked both in many dance groups, both in and outside of Finland, since 1970. He has r...
  • Maria Callas (1923 - 1977)
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  • Elisabeth Olin (1740 - 1828)
  • Betty Olin d.y. (1761 - 1816)
  • Carl Stenborg (1752 - 1813)



Project collects

  • Performers of the premieres
  • All performers and collaborators
  • Persons are sorted by roles and birth years (often estimated)




Christoph Willibald Gluck: Orfeo ed Euridice

  • Opera in three acrs, in Italian
  • Music by Christoph Willibald Gluck
  • Libretto by Ranieri de' Calzabigi, is based on the Greek myth of Orpheus.
  • Title: Orpheus and Eurydice (eng), Orpheus und Eurydike (german), Orphée et Euridice (french)
  • Time and place: Timeless mythical level. The myth of Orpheus originally took place in Thrace, but the librettist Calzabigi relocated it to Lake Avernus, which in ancient Rome was regarded as the entrance to the underworld.

. and Eurydice fall in love, by Nicolas Poussin, ca. 1650-53, The Louvre.

  • Premieres and different editions
    • Austria: World Premiere of the ORIGINAL EDITION on 5 October 1762, conducted by Gluck at the Burgtheater, Vienna, in the presence of Empress Maria Theresa
    • Italy: Premiere of the revised Italian version on 24 August 1769 in Parma, conducted by Gluck
    • UK: Premier on April 7, 1770 at the King's Theatre in London, with alterations by, and conducted by Johann Chirstian Bach
    • Sweden: Premier on 25 November 1773 at Stora Bollhuset, Stockholm, Carl Stenborg as Orpheus, Elisabeth Olin as Euridice, and Betty Olin as Amore, conducted by Francesco Antonio Baldassare Uttini.
    • France: Premiere of the SECOND EDITION, the revised French version on 2 August 1774 at the Palais des Tuileries of the Royal Academy of Music, Paris. French librettist was Pierre Louis Moline.
    • Hungary: Premiere in 1776 at Eszterháza in Fertőd, conducted by Joseph Haydn
    • Spain: Premiere on 4 Nov 1780 at the Teatro de la Santa Cruz of Barcelona, sung in Italian
    • France: 1859. The BERLIOZ EDITION (Hector Berlioz with collaboration by Giacomo Meyerbeer, Léon Carvalho, and Camille Saint-Saëns) was first presented at the Théâtre Lyrique, Paris, on 18 November 1859 with Pauline Viardot as Orphée, Marie Sasse as Eurydice, Marie Ernestine Marimon as L'Amour, Mlle Moreau as L'Ombre, and Adolphe Deloffre as the conductor. The sets were designed by Charles-Antoine Cambon and Joseph Thierry, and the choreography was by Lucien Petipa. (The seventeen-year-old Jules Massenet was the orchestra's timpanist. During the rehearsals Berlioz had complimented the young player on the accuracy of his tuning.) The production was a popular and critical success, filling the house every night, and was given a total of 138 times by the company.
    • USA: Premiere on May 25, 1863 in New York at the first building of the Winter Garden Theatre, starring Váli, Rotter, and Geary.
    • The RICORDI EDITION for contralto, published in 1889 by Ricordi (Giulio Ricordi), became the most popular. Orpheo's part has sometimes been transposed for tenor voice, and even for a baritone. Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau and Hermann Prey are two notable baritones who have performed the role in Germany. Fischer-Dieskau recorded the opera several times.

., Eurydice and Aristaeus by Jacopo del Sellaio, oil on panel, c 1475.
. and Eurydice, Peter Paul Rubens, 1636-38, Prado Museum.

. leading Eurydice from the Underworld, Jean Baptiste Camille Corot, 1861, The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, via Google Arts and Culture.