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Renaissance and Reformation (c1400-1600)

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  • Gabriel Didymus Zwilling (1487 - 1558)
    (longer story in German) Gabriel Zwilling also Gabriel Didymus (c. 1487 – 1 May 1558) was a German Lutheran and Protestant Reformer born near Annaberg, Electorate of Saxony. He was educated in Witten...
  • Georg Spalatin, Reformer & Humanist (1484 - 1545)
    Georg(e) Spalatin (German: [%CB%88%CA%83pa%CB%90lati%CB%90n]%29 was the pseudonym taken by Georg Burkhardt (German: [%CB%88%C9%A1e%CB%90%C9%94%CA%81k ˈbʊʁkhaʁt]; 17 January 1484 – 16 January 1545), a G...
  • Dr. utr. iuris. Johannes Johannes Pirckheimer (c.1440 - 1501)
    Pirckheimer (* um 1440; † 3. Mai 1501) war ein deutscher Humanist, Nürnberger Ratsherr und römisch-katholischer Franziskaner und Priester. Pirckheimer wurde als Sohn von Hans Pirckheimer geboren und ...
  • Barbara Pirckheimer (1447 - 1496)
  • Crescentia Pirckheimer (1475 - 1504)

Transitional period cultural, religious and political luminaries (c1400 - 1600).

Project Profiles:

As medieval intuitions crumble, radical changes begin to take place in European society. The economy, politics, culture, and religion all undergo a kind of transformation that shapes the development of Western Civilization as it enters the “modern” era. Interestingly, the birth of modern society begins with a rebirth of classicism and ancient cultural traditions.

Human capability, ingenuity, and personality became the focus of the individual. The importance of social structure and hierarchy also became increasingly fluid. Society, though still stratified, was becoming less rigidly fixed as a hierarchy. Christian humility and sacrifice were also largely abandoned. Da Vinci, Michelangelo, Raphael, and other great artists of the day took pride in their talents and works of art. The idea of Humanism emerged as well. Humanist pursuits were esteemed, and the potential of the individual was stressed. Humanism permeated literature, philosophy, art, and even politics. The secularization and rationalization of politics altered the political landscape of Europe. . . . Continued