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Profiles

  • Arthur Frederick Wright (1913 - 1976)
  • Mary Oliver Wright (1917 - 1970)
  • Jonathan D. Spence (1936 - 2021)
  • Westel Woodbury Willoughby (1867 - 1945)
    Woodbury Willoughby (20 July 1867 – 25 March 1945), was an American academic.He and his twin brother to William F. Willoughby were the sons of Westel Willoughby and Jennie Rebecca (Woodbury) Willoughby...
  • Ying-shih Yü 余英時 (1930 - 2021)
    Ying-shih Yü 余英時 (born January 22, 1930) is a Chinese American historian and Sinologist known for his mastery of sources for Chinese history and philosophy, his ability to synthesize them on a wide ran...

Sinology is the academic study of China primarily through Chinese language, literature, and history, and often refers to Western scholarship.

List of sinologists

Australia

Austria

Belgium

Bulgaria

Canada

China, Taiwan, Hong Kong

  • Huang Xianfan (simplified Chinese: 黄现璠; traditional Chinese: 黃現璠; pinyin: Huáng Xiànfān)
  • Rao Zongyi (simplified Chinese: 饶宗颐; traditional Chinese: 饒宗頤; pinyin: Ráo Zōngyí)
  • Wang Li (Chinese: 王力; pinyin: Wáng Lì)
  • Kwang-chih Chang
  • Qian Mu (simplified Chinese: 钱穆; traditional Chinese: 錢穆; pinyin: Qián Mù)
  • C. T. Hsia (Chinese: 夏志清; pinyin: Xià Zhìqīng)
  • Yuen Ren Chao
  • D. C. Lau

Czech Republic

  • Gustav Haloun (1898–1951)
  • Jaroslav Průšek (1906–1980)

Estonia

  • Linnart Mäll

France

  • Jean-Baptiste Du Halde (1674–1743)
  • Arcade Huang (1679–1717)
  • Étienne Fourmont (1683–1745)
  • Jean Denis Attiret (1702–1768)
  • Jean Joseph Marie Amiot (1718–1793)
  • Jean-Pierre Abel-Rémusat (1788–1832) – studied languages of the Far East and produced the Essai sur la langue et la littérature chinoises, and the Chinese novel Iu-kiao-li, ou les deux cousines, roman chinois.
  • Stanislas Julien (1797–1873)
  • Séraphin Couvreur (1835–1919)
  • Léopold de Saussure (1886-1925)
  • Léon Wieger (1956–1933)
  • Édouard Chavannes (1865–1918) – best known for his 1) translations from Sima Qian's Shiji, sections of the Hou Hanshu, and the Weilüe 2) studies of Han dynasty stone carvings and Chinese religion, including the groundbreaking study of the worship of Mount Tai in ancient China. His students included Henri Maspero, Paul Pelliot and Marcel Granet.
  • Paul Pelliot (1878–1945)
  • Victor Segalen (1878–1919) – scholar of ancient Chinese sculpture.
  • Henri Maspero (1883–1945)
  • Paul Demiéville – studied the Franco-Belgian school of Buddhology. His 1947 work 'Mirror of the Mind' was widely read in the U.S. and inaugurated a series by him on subitism and gradualism.
  • Marcel Granet (1884–1940) – one of the first to use sociological methods.
  • Jean Escarra (1885–1955)
  • René Grousset (1885–1952)
  • Étienne Balázs (1905–1963)
  • Jacques Gernet (born 1921)
  • François Jullien (born 1951)
  • David Gosset (born 1970)

Germany

  • Hans Georg Conon von der Gabelentz (1807–1874) – linguist; author of comprehensive Chinesische Grammatik.
  • Herbert Franke (1914–2011) – historian of Liao, Jin, and Yuan dynasties.
  • Wolfgang Kubin (born 1945)
  • Walter Liebenthal (1886–1982)
  • Erling von Mende (born 1940)
  • Christian Schwarz-Schilling (born 1930)
  • Rudolf G. Wagner (born 1941)
  • Richard Wilhelm (1873–1930) – his translations of the I Ching and other philosophical works popularized classical Chinese thought throughout the Western World.

Hungary

  • Étienne Balázs (1905–1963)
  • Imre Galambos (born 1967)
  • Imre Hamar (born 1968)
  • Lajos Magyar (1891–1940)

India

  • Tan Chung
  • Yukteshwar Kumar
  • B R Deepak

Ireland

  • Sean Hurley

Italy

  • Martino Martini (1614–1661)
  • Matteo Ricci (1552–1610)Jesuit priest and one of the founding figures of the Jesuit China Mission.
  • Michele Ruggieri (1543–1607)Jesuit priest; one of the founding figures of the Jesuit Jesuit China Mission, co-author of the first Portuguese-Chinese dictionary, and can be described as the first European sinologist.
  • Giuseppe Tucci (1894–1984)

Japan

  • Masaru Aoki 靑木正兒 (1887–1964)
  • Tetsuji Morohashi 諸橋轍次 (1883–1982)
  • A. Charles Muller
  • D. T. Suzuki 鈴木大拙 (1870–1966)
  • Takakusu Junjirō 高楠順次郎 (1866–1945)
  • Kōjirō Yoshikawa 吉川幸次郎; 18 March 1904 – 8 April 1980)
  • Yoshimi Takeuchi 竹內好 (1910–1977)
  • Naitō Torajirō 內藤虎次郎 (1866–1934)

Kazakhstan

  • Yury Zuev (1932–2006)

Moldova

  • Nicolae Milescu – Moldavian writer, traveler, geographer, and diplomat who was named ambassador of the Russian Empire to Beijing in 1675. He submitted to the Foreign Ministry three volumes of notes of his travels through Siberia and China and later Travels through Siberia to the Chinese borders.

Netherlands

  • J.J.L. Duyvendak (1889–1954)
  • Jan Jakob Maria de Groot (1854–11921), scholar of Chinese folk religion
  • Robert van Gulik (1910–1967)
  • Piet van der Loon (1920–2002)
  • Hans van de Ven

New Zealand

  • Rewi Alley

Norway

  • Henry Henne (1918–2002)

Poland

  • Michał Boym

Portugal

  • Gaspar da Cruz (c.1520–1570), the author of the first book on China in Western Europe

Philippines

  • Alfredo Co

Russia

  • Andrey Davydov (1953)
  • Nikita Yakovlevich Bichurin (1775–1853)
  • Pyotr Ivanovich Kafarov (1817–1878)
  • Evgenij Ivanovich Kychanov (1932–2013)
  • Peter A. Boodberg (1903–1972)
  • Julian Shchutsky (1897–1938)
  • Vasiliy Mikhaylovich Alekseyev (1881–1951)
  • Nikolai Iosifovich Konrad (1891–1970)
  • Nikolai Fedorenko (1912-2000)
  • Vyacheslav Rybakov (1954)

Singapore

  • Wang Gungwu

Slovenia

  • Jana S. Rošker
  • Mitja Saje

Spain

  • Miguel de Benavides (c. 1552–1605)
  • Juan Cobo (Chinese: 高母羨; pinyin: Gāo Mǔxiàn) (c. 1546–1592).
  • Carmelo Elorduy (1901–1989)
  • Juan González de Mendoza (c. 1540–1617), compiler of one of the first European books about China

Sweden

  • Göran Malmqvist (simplified Chinese: 马悅然; traditional Chinese: 馬悅然; pinyin: Mǎ Yuèrán)
  • Johan Gunnar Andersson
  • Bernhard Karlgren (simplified Chinese: 高本汉; traditional Chinese: 高本漢; pinyin: Gāo Běnhàn) (1889–1978)

Switzerland

  • Léopold de Saussure (1866–1925)

Turkey

  • 'Ali Akbar Khata'i, the author of an early book of China (completed in Istanbul in 1516)

United Kingdom

  • Edmund Backhouse (1873–1944)
  • Frederick W. Baller
  • Derek Bryan (1910–2003)
  • Craig Clunas
  • Mark Elvin
  • Bernhard Fuehrer
  • Herbert Giles (1845–1935)
  • Lionel Giles (1875–1958)
  • A.C. Graham (1919–1991)
  • David Hawkes (1923–2009)
  • Michel Hockx
  • Reginald Johnston (1874–1938)
  • James Legge (1815–1897), a missionary, the first professor of Chinese language at Oxford University, and with Max Müller prepared the 50 volume Sacred Books of the East.
  • Michael Loewe
  • Roderick MacFarquhar
  • Joseph Needham (1900–1995)
  • Jessica Rawson (born 1943)
  • William Edward Soothill (1861–1935)
  • Michael Sullivan (born 1916)
  • Paul Thompson (1931–2007)
  • Denis C. Twitchett (1925–2006)
  • Thomas Francis Wade (1818–1895)
  • Andrew West (born 1960)
  • Arthur Waley (1889–1966)
  • Susan Whitfield
  • Endymion Wilkinson (born 1941)
  • Frances Wood

U.S.

  • William Alford
  • Robert Ashmore
  • Wm. Theodore de Bary
  • Timothy Brook
  • Derk Bodde (1909–2003)
  • James Cahill, art historian
  • Wing-tsit Chan (1901–1994)
  • Jerome Cohen
  • Herlee G. Creel (1905–1994)
  • Pamela Kyle Crossley
  • John DeFrancis (1911–2009)
  • Prasenjit Duara
  • Homer H. Dubs
  • Mark Elliott
  • Mark Elvin
  • Joseph Esherick
  • John K. Fairbank (simplified Chinese: 费正清; traditional Chinese: 費正清; pinyin: Fèi Zhèngqīng) (1907–1991)
  • Courtenay Hughes Fenn
  • Henry Courtenay Fenn
  • Hans Frankel
  • Carrington Goodrich
  • Gail Hershatter
  • David Hinton
  • Dale Hoiberg
  • Immanuel C.Y. Hsu (simplified Chinese: 徐中约; traditional Chinese: 徐中約; pinyin: Xú Zhōngyuē) (1923–2005)
  • Ray Huang (simplified Chinese: 黄仁宇; traditional Chinese: 黃仁宇; pinyin: Huáng Rényǔ) (1918–2000)
  • Charles Hucker
  • David Keightley
  • George A. Kennedy
  • David R. Knechtges
  • David M. Lampton
  • Owen Lattimore
  • Mark Edward Lewis
  • Paul Linebarger
  • E. Perry Link
  • Victor Mair
  • Susan Mann
  • Emily Martin
  • Thomas Metzger
  • Frederick W. Mote
  • Jerry Norman (1936–2012)
  • David Nivison
  • Michel Oksenberg
  • Peter C. Perdue
  • Elizabeth J. Perry
  • Andrew H. Plaks
  • Kenneth Pomeranz
  • Edward H. Schafer
  • Orville Schell
  • Stuart R. Schram (1924–2012)
  • Judith Shapiro
  • Sidney Shapiro
  • Edward L. Shaughnessy
  • Nathan Sivin
  • Jonathan Spence (simplified Chinese: 史景迁; traditional Chinese: 史景遷; pinyin: Shǐ Jǐngqiān)
  • Richard B. Stamps (Chinese: 尹因印; pinyin: Yǐn Yīnyìn)
  • Hugh Stimson (1931–2011)
  • Laurence Thompson
  • Tu Wei-ming
  • Frederic Wakeman (Chinese: 魏斐德; pinyin: Wèi Fēidé) (1937–2006)
  • Joanna Waley-Cohen
  • Burton Watson
  • Stephen H. West
  • C. Martin Wilbur
  • Karl August Wittfogel (1896–1988)
  • R. Bin Wong
  • Timothy C. Wong
  • Arthur F. Wright (1913–1976)
  • Mary C. Wright (1917–1970)
  • Yu Ying-shih (simplified Chinese: 余英时; traditional Chinese: 余英時; pinyin: Yú Yīngshí) (born 1930)

----------------------------------
==References==

  • Kistner, Otto (1869). "Full title of Essai sur la langue et la littérature chinoises". Buddha and his doctrines: a bibliographical essay. London: Tübner & Co. p. 27.
  • See Chan/Zen Studies in English: The State Of The Field by Bernard Faure

Source

Sinology is the academic study of China primarily through Chinese language, literature, and history, and often refers to Western scholarship.

List of sinologists

Australia

Austria

Belgium

Bulgaria

Canada

China, Taiwan, Hong Kong

  • Huang Xianfan (simplified Chinese: 黄现璠; traditional Chinese: 黃現璠; pinyin: Huáng Xiànfān)
  • 饒宗頤 (選堂) (Chinese: 饒宗頤; pinyin: Ráo Zōngyí)
  • Wang Li (Chinese: 王力; pinyin: Wáng Lì)
  • Kwang-chih Chang
  • Qian Mu (simplified Chinese: 钱穆; traditional Chinese: 錢穆; pinyin: Qián Mù)
  • C. T. Hsia (Chinese: 夏志清; pinyin: Xià Zhìqīng)
  • 趙元任 (宜仲)
  • D. C. Lau

Czech Republic

  • Gustav Haloun (1898–1951)
  • Jaroslav Průšek (1906–1980)

Estonia

  • Linnart Mäll

France

  • Jean-Baptiste Du Halde (1674–1743)
  • Arcade Huang (1679–1717)
  • Étienne Fourmont (1683–1745)
  • Jean Denis Attiret (1702–1768)
  • Jean Joseph Marie Amiot (1718–1793)
  • Jean-Pierre Abel-Rémusat (1788–1832) – studied languages of the Far East and produced the Essai sur la langue et la littérature chinoises, and the Chinese novel Iu-kiao-li, ou les deux cousines, roman chinois.
  • Stanislas Julien (1797–1873)
  • Séraphin Couvreur (1835–1919)
  • Léopold de Saussure (1886-1925)
  • Léon Wieger (1956–1933)
  • Édouard Chavannes (1865–1918) – best known for his 1) translations from Sima Qian's Shiji, sections of the Hou Hanshu, and the Weilüe 2) studies of Han dynasty stone carvings and Chinese religion, including the groundbreaking study of the worship of Mount Tai in ancient China. His students included Henri Maspero, Paul Pelliot and Marcel Granet.
  • Paul Pelliot (1878–1945)
  • Victor Segalen (1878–1919) – scholar of ancient Chinese sculpture.
  • Henri Maspero (1883–1945)
  • Paul Demiéville – studied the Franco-Belgian school of Buddhology. His 1947 work 'Mirror of the Mind' was widely read in the U.S. and inaugurated a series by him on subitism and gradualism.
  • Marcel Granet (1884–1940) – one of the first to use sociological methods.
  • Jean Escarra (1885–1955)
  • René Grousset (1885–1952)
  • Étienne Balázs (1905–1963)
  • Jacques Gernet (born 1921)
  • François Jullien (born 1951)
  • David Gosset (born 1970)

Germany

  • Hans Georg Conon von der Gabelentz (1807–1874) – linguist; author of comprehensive Chinesische Grammatik.
  • Herbert Franke (1914–2011) – historian of Liao, Jin, and Yuan dynasties.
  • Wolfgang Kubin (born 1945)
  • Walter Liebenthal (1886–1982)
  • Erling von Mende (born 1940)
  • Christian Schwarz-Schilling (born 1930)
  • Rudolf G. Wagner (born 1941)
  • Richard Wilhelm (1873–1930) – his translations of the I Ching and other philosophical works popularized classical Chinese thought throughout the Western World.

Hungary

  • Étienne Balázs (1905–1963)
  • Imre Galambos (born 1967)
  • Imre Hamar (born 1968)
  • Lajos Magyar (1891–1940)

India

  • Tan Chung
  • Yukteshwar Kumar
  • B R Deepak

Ireland

  • Sean Hurley

Italy

  • Martino Martini (1614–1661)
  • Matteo Ricci (1552–1610)Jesuit priest and one of the founding figures of the Jesuit China Mission.
  • Michele Ruggieri (1543–1607)Jesuit priest; one of the founding figures of the Jesuit Jesuit China Mission, co-author of the first Portuguese-Chinese dictionary, and can be described as the first European sinologist.
  • Giuseppe Tucci (1894–1984)

Japan

  • Masaru Aoki 靑木正兒 (1887–1964)
  • Tetsuji Morohashi 諸橋轍次 (1883–1982)
  • A. Charles Muller
  • D. T. Suzuki 鈴木大拙 (1870–1966)
  • Takakusu Junjirō 高楠順次郎 (1866–1945)
  • Kōjirō Yoshikawa 吉川幸次郎; 18 March 1904 – 8 April 1980)
  • Yoshimi Takeuchi 竹內好 (1910–1977)
  • Naitō Torajirō 內藤虎次郎 (1866–1934)

Kazakhstan

  • Yury Zuev (1932–2006)

Moldova

  • Nicolae Milescu – Moldavian writer, traveler, geographer, and diplomat who was named ambassador of the Russian Empire to Beijing in 1675. He submitted to the Foreign Ministry three volumes of notes of his travels through Siberia and China and later Travels through Siberia to the Chinese borders.

Netherlands

  • J.J.L. Duyvendak (1889–1954)
  • Jan Jakob Maria de Groot (1854–11921), scholar of Chinese folk religion
  • Robert van Gulik (1910–1967)
  • Piet van der Loon (1920–2002)
  • Hans van de Ven

New Zealand

  • Rewi Alley

Norway

  • Henry Henne (1918–2002)

Poland

  • Michał Boym

Portugal

  • Gaspar da Cruz (c.1520–1570), the author of the first book on China in Western Europe

Philippines

  • Alfredo Co

Russia

  • Andrey Davydov (1953)
  • Nikita Yakovlevich Bichurin (1775–1853)
  • Pyotr Ivanovich Kafarov (1817–1878)
  • Evgenij Ivanovich Kychanov (1932–2013)
  • Peter A. Boodberg (1903–1972)
  • Julian Shchutsky (1897–1938)
  • Vasiliy Mikhaylovich Alekseyev (1881–1951)
  • Nikolai Iosifovich Konrad (1891–1970)
  • Nikolai Fedorenko (1912-2000)
  • Vyacheslav Rybakov (1954)

Singapore

  • Wang Gungwu

Slovenia

  • Jana S. Rošker
  • Mitja Saje

Spain

  • Miguel de Benavides (c. 1552–1605)
  • Juan Cobo (Chinese: 高母羨; pinyin: Gāo Mǔxiàn) (c. 1546–1592).
  • Carmelo Elorduy (1901–1989)
  • Juan González de Mendoza (c. 1540–1617), compiler of one of the first European books about China

Sweden

  • Göran Malmqvist (simplified Chinese: 马悅然; traditional Chinese: 馬悅然; pinyin: Mǎ Yuèrán)
  • Johan Gunnar Andersson
  • Bernhard Karlgren (simplified Chinese: 高本汉; traditional Chinese: 高本漢; pinyin: Gāo Běnhàn) (1889–1978)

Switzerland

  • Léopold de Saussure (1866–1925)

Turkey

  • 'Ali Akbar Khata'i, the author of an early book of China (completed in Istanbul in 1516)

United Kingdom

  • Edmund Backhouse (1873–1944)
  • Frederick W. Baller
  • Derek Bryan (1910–2003)
  • Craig Clunas
  • Mark Elvin
  • Bernhard Fuehrer
  • Herbert Giles (1845–1935)
  • Lionel Giles (1875–1958)
  • A.C. Graham (1919–1991)
  • David Hawkes (1923–2009)
  • Michel Hockx
  • Reginald Johnston (1874–1938)
  • James Legge (1815–1897), a missionary, the first professor of Chinese language at Oxford University, and with Max Müller prepared the 50 volume Sacred Books of the East.
  • Michael Loewe
  • Roderick MacFarquhar
  • Joseph Needham (1900–1995)
  • Jessica Rawson (born 1943)
  • William Edward Soothill (1861–1935)
  • Michael Sullivan (born 1916)
  • Paul Thompson (1931–2007)
  • Denis C. Twitchett (1925–2006)
  • Thomas Francis Wade (1818–1895)
  • Andrew West (born 1960)
  • Arthur Waley (1889–1966)
  • Susan Whitfield
  • Endymion Wilkinson (born 1941)
  • Frances Wood

U.S.

  • William Alford
  • Robert Ashmore
  • Wm. Theodore de Bary
  • Timothy Brook
  • Derk Bodde (1909–2003)
  • James Cahill, art historian
  • Wing-tsit Chan (1901–1994)
  • Jerome Cohen
  • Herlee G. Creel (1905–1994)
  • Pamela Kyle Crossley
  • John DeFrancis (1911–2009)
  • Prasenjit Duara
  • Homer H. Dubs
  • Mark Elliott
  • Mark Elvin
  • Joseph Esherick
  • John K. Fairbank (simplified Chinese: 费正清; traditional Chinese: 費正清; pinyin: Fèi Zhèngqīng) (1907–1991)
  • Courtenay Hughes Fenn
  • Henry Courtenay Fenn
  • Hans Frankel
  • Carrington Goodrich
  • Gail Hershatter
  • David Hinton
  • Dale Hoiberg
  • Immanuel C.Y. Hsu (simplified Chinese: 徐中约; traditional Chinese: 徐中約; pinyin: Xú Zhōngyuē) (1923–2005)
  • Ray Huang (simplified Chinese: 黄仁宇; traditional Chinese: 黃仁宇; pinyin: Huáng Rényǔ) (1918–2000)
  • Charles Hucker
  • David Keightley
  • George A. Kennedy
  • David R. Knechtges
  • David M. Lampton
  • Owen Lattimore
  • Mark Edward Lewis
  • Paul Linebarger
  • E. Perry Link
  • Victor Mair
  • Susan Mann
  • Emily Martin
  • Thomas Metzger
  • Frederick W. Mote
  • Jerry Norman (1936–2012)
  • David Nivison
  • Michel Oksenberg
  • Peter C. Perdue
  • Elizabeth J. Perry
  • Andrew H. Plaks
  • Kenneth Pomeranz
  • Edward H. Schafer
  • Orville Schell
  • Stuart R. Schram (1924–2012)
  • Judith Shapiro
  • Sidney Shapiro
  • Edward L. Shaughnessy
  • Nathan Sivin
  • Jonathan Spence (simplified Chinese: 史景迁; traditional Chinese: 史景遷; pinyin: Shǐ Jǐngqiān)
  • Richard B. Stamps (Chinese: 尹因印; pinyin: Yǐn Yīnyìn)
  • Hugh Stimson (1931–2011)
  • Laurence Thompson
  • Tu Wei-ming
  • Frederic Wakeman (Chinese: 魏斐德; pinyin: Wèi Fēidé) (1937–2006)
  • Joanna Waley-Cohen
  • Burton Watson
  • Stephen H. West
  • C. Martin Wilbur
  • Karl August Wittfogel (1896–1988)
  • R. Bin Wong
  • Timothy C. Wong
  • Arthur F. Wright (1913–1976)
  • Mary C. Wright (1917–1970)
  • Yu Ying-shih (simplified Chinese: 余英时; traditional Chinese: 余英時; pinyin: Yú Yīngshí) (born 1930)

----------------------------------
==References==

  • Kistner, Otto (1869). "Full title of Essai sur la langue et la littérature chinoises". Buddha and his doctrines: a bibliographical essay. London: Tübner & Co. p. 27.
  • See Chan/Zen Studies in English: The State Of The Field by Bernard Faure

Source

Sinology is the academic study of China primarily through Chinese language, literature, and history, and often refers to Western scholarship.

List of sinologists

Australia

Austria

Belgium

Bulgaria

Canada

China, Taiwan, Hong Kong

  • Huang Xianfan (simplified Chinese: 黄现璠; traditional Chinese: 黃現璠; pinyin: Huáng Xiànfān)
  • Rao Zongyi (simplified Chinese: 饶宗颐; traditional Chinese: 饒宗頤; pinyin: Ráo Zōngyí)
  • Wang Li (Chinese: 王力; pinyin: Wáng Lì)
  • Kwang-chih Chang
  • Qian Mu (simplified Chinese: 钱穆; traditional Chinese: 錢穆; pinyin: Qián Mù)
  • C. T. Hsia (Chinese: 夏志清; pinyin: Xià Zhìqīng)
  • Yuen Ren Chao
  • D. C. Lau

Czech Republic

  • Gustav Haloun (1898–1951)
  • Jaroslav Průšek (1906–1980)

Estonia

  • Linnart Mäll

France

  • Jean-Baptiste Du Halde (1674–1743)
  • Arcade Huang (1679–1717)
  • Étienne Fourmont (1683–1745)
  • Jean Denis Attiret (1702–1768)
  • Jean Joseph Marie Amiot (1718–1793)
  • Jean-Pierre Abel-Rémusat (1788–1832) – studied languages of the Far East and produced the Essai sur la langue et la littérature chinoises, and the Chinese novel Iu-kiao-li, ou les deux cousines, roman chinois.
  • Stanislas Julien (1797–1873)
  • Séraphin Couvreur (1835–1919)
  • Léopold de Saussure (1886-1925)
  • Léon Wieger (1956–1933)
  • Édouard Chavannes (1865–1918) – best known for his 1) translations from Sima Qian's Shiji, sections of the Hou Hanshu, and the Weilüe 2) studies of Han dynasty stone carvings and Chinese religion, including the groundbreaking study of the worship of Mount Tai in ancient China. His students included Henri Maspero, Paul Pelliot and Marcel Granet.
  • Paul Pelliot (1878–1945)
  • Victor Segalen (1878–1919) – scholar of ancient Chinese sculpture.
  • Henri Maspero (1883–1945)
  • Paul Demiéville – studied the Franco-Belgian school of Buddhology. His 1947 work 'Mirror of the Mind' was widely read in the U.S. and inaugurated a series by him on subitism and gradualism.
  • Marcel Granet (1884–1940) – one of the first to use sociological methods.
  • Jean Escarra (1885–1955)
  • René Grousset (1885–1952)
  • Étienne Balázs (1905–1963)
  • Jacques Gernet (born 1921)
  • François Jullien (born 1951)
  • David Gosset (born 1970)

Germany

  • Hans Georg Conon von der Gabelentz (1807–1874) – linguist; author of comprehensive Chinesische Grammatik.
  • Herbert Franke (1914–2011) – historian of Liao, Jin, and Yuan dynasties.
  • Wolfgang Kubin (born 1945)
  • Walter Liebenthal (1886–1982)
  • Erling von Mende (born 1940)
  • Christian Schwarz-Schilling (born 1930)
  • Rudolf G. Wagner (born 1941)
  • Richard Wilhelm (1873–1930) – his translations of the I Ching and other philosophical works popularized classical Chinese thought throughout the Western World.

Hungary

  • Étienne Balázs (1905–1963)
  • Imre Galambos (born 1967)
  • Imre Hamar (born 1968)
  • Lajos Magyar (1891–1940)

India

  • Tan Chung
  • Yukteshwar Kumar
  • B R Deepak

Ireland

  • Sean Hurley

Italy

  • Martino Martini (1614–1661)
  • Matteo Ricci (1552–1610)Jesuit priest and one of the founding figures of the Jesuit China Mission.
  • Michele Ruggieri (1543–1607)Jesuit priest; one of the founding figures of the Jesuit Jesuit China Mission, co-author of the first Portuguese-Chinese dictionary, and can be described as the first European sinologist.
  • Giuseppe Tucci (1894–1984)

Japan

  • Masaru Aoki 靑木正兒 (1887–1964)
  • Tetsuji Morohashi 諸橋轍次 (1883–1982)
  • A. Charles Muller
  • D. T. Suzuki 鈴木大拙 (1870–1966)
  • Takakusu Junjirō 高楠順次郎 (1866–1945)
  • Kōjirō Yoshikawa 吉川幸次郎; 18 March 1904 – 8 April 1980)
  • Yoshimi Takeuchi 竹內好 (1910–1977)
  • Naitō Torajirō 內藤虎次郎 (1866–1934)

Kazakhstan

  • Yury Zuev (1932–2006)

Moldova

  • Nicolae Milescu – Moldavian writer, traveler, geographer, and diplomat who was named ambassador of the Russian Empire to Beijing in 1675. He submitted to the Foreign Ministry three volumes of notes of his travels through Siberia and China and later Travels through Siberia to the Chinese borders.

Netherlands

  • J.J.L. Duyvendak (1889–1954)
  • Jan Jakob Maria de Groot (1854–11921), scholar of Chinese folk religion
  • Robert van Gulik (1910–1967)
  • Piet van der Loon (1920–2002)
  • Hans van de Ven

New Zealand

  • Rewi Alley

Norway

  • Henry Henne (1918–2002)

Poland

  • Michał Boym

Portugal

  • Gaspar da Cruz (c.1520–1570), the author of the first book on China in Western Europe

Philippines

  • Alfredo Co

Russia

  • Andrey Davydov (1953)
  • Nikita Yakovlevich Bichurin (1775–1853)
  • Pyotr Ivanovich Kafarov (1817–1878)
  • Evgenij Ivanovich Kychanov (1932–2013)
  • Peter A. Boodberg (1903–1972)
  • Julian Shchutsky (1897–1938)
  • Vasiliy Mikhaylovich Alekseyev (1881–1951)
  • Nikolai Iosifovich Konrad (1891–1970)
  • Nikolai Fedorenko (1912-2000)
  • Vyacheslav Rybakov (1954)

Singapore

  • Wang Gungwu

Slovenia

  • Jana S. Rošker
  • Mitja Saje

Spain

  • Miguel de Benavides (c. 1552–1605)
  • Juan Cobo (Chinese: 高母羨; pinyin: Gāo Mǔxiàn) (c. 1546–1592).
  • Carmelo Elorduy (1901–1989)
  • Juan González de Mendoza (c. 1540–1617), compiler of one of the first European books about China

Sweden

  • Göran Malmqvist (simplified Chinese: 马悅然; traditional Chinese: 馬悅然; pinyin: Mǎ Yuèrán)
  • Johan Gunnar Andersson
  • Bernhard Karlgren (simplified Chinese: 高本汉; traditional Chinese: 高本漢; pinyin: Gāo Běnhàn) (1889–1978)

Switzerland

  • Léopold de Saussure (1866–1925)

Turkey

  • 'Ali Akbar Khata'i, the author of an early book of China (completed in Istanbul in 1516)

United Kingdom

  • Edmund Backhouse (1873–1944)
  • Frederick W. Baller
  • Derek Bryan (1910–2003)
  • Craig Clunas
  • Mark Elvin
  • Bernhard Fuehrer
  • Herbert Giles (1845–1935)
  • Lionel Giles (1875–1958)
  • A.C. Graham (1919–1991)
  • David Hawkes (1923–2009)
  • Michel Hockx
  • Reginald Johnston (1874–1938)
  • James Legge (1815–1897), a missionary, the first professor of Chinese language at Oxford University, and with Max Müller prepared the 50 volume Sacred Books of the East.
  • Michael Loewe
  • Roderick MacFarquhar
  • Joseph Needham (1900–1995)
  • Jessica Rawson (born 1943)
  • William Edward Soothill (1861–1935)
  • Michael Sullivan (born 1916)
  • Paul Thompson (1931–2007)
  • Denis C. Twitchett (1925–2006)
  • Thomas Francis Wade (1818–1895)
  • Andrew West (born 1960)
  • Arthur Waley (1889–1966)
  • Susan Whitfield
  • Endymion Wilkinson (born 1941)
  • Frances Wood

U.S.

  • William Alford
  • Robert Ashmore
  • Wm. Theodore de Bary
  • Timothy Brook
  • Derk Bodde (1909–2003)
  • James Cahill, art historian
  • Wing-tsit Chan (1901–1994)
  • Jerome Cohen
  • Herlee G. Creel (1905–1994)
  • Pamela Kyle Crossley
  • John DeFrancis (1911–2009)
  • Prasenjit Duara
  • Homer H. Dubs
  • Mark Elliott
  • Mark Elvin
  • Joseph Esherick
  • John K. Fairbank (simplified Chinese: 费正清; traditional Chinese: 費正清; pinyin: Fèi Zhèngqīng) (1907–1991)
  • Courtenay Hughes Fenn
  • Henry Courtenay Fenn
  • Hans Frankel
  • Carrington Goodrich
  • Gail Hershatter
  • David Hinton
  • Dale Hoiberg
  • Immanuel C.Y. Hsu (simplified Chinese: 徐中约; traditional Chinese: 徐中約; pinyin: Xú Zhōngyuē) (1923–2005)
  • Ray Huang (simplified Chinese: 黄仁宇; traditional Chinese: 黃仁宇; pinyin: Huáng Rényǔ) (1918–2000)
  • Charles Hucker
  • David Keightley
  • George A. Kennedy
  • David R. Knechtges
  • David M. Lampton
  • Owen Lattimore
  • Mark Edward Lewis
  • Paul Linebarger
  • E. Perry Link
  • Victor Mair
  • Susan Mann
  • Emily Martin
  • Thomas Metzger
  • Frederick W. Mote
  • Jerry Norman (1936–2012)
  • David Nivison
  • Michel Oksenberg
  • Peter C. Perdue
  • Elizabeth J. Perry
  • Andrew H. Plaks
  • Kenneth Pomeranz
  • Edward H. Schafer
  • Orville Schell
  • Stuart R. Schram (1924–2012)
  • Judith Shapiro
  • Sidney Shapiro
  • Edward L. Shaughnessy
  • Nathan Sivin
  • Jonathan Spence (simplified Chinese: 史景迁; traditional Chinese: 史景遷; pinyin: Shǐ Jǐngqiān)
  • Richard B. Stamps (Chinese: 尹因印; pinyin: Yǐn Yīnyìn)
  • Hugh Stimson (1931–2011)
  • Laurence Thompson
  • Tu Wei-ming
  • Frederic Wakeman (Chinese: 魏斐德; pinyin: Wèi Fēidé) (1937–2006)
  • Joanna Waley-Cohen
  • Burton Watson
  • Stephen H. West
  • C. Martin Wilbur
  • Karl August Wittfogel (1896–1988)
  • R. Bin Wong
  • Timothy C. Wong
  • Arthur F. Wright (1913–1976)
  • Mary C. Wright (1917–1970)
  • Yu Ying-shih (simplified Chinese: 余英时; traditional Chinese: 余英時; pinyin: Yú Yīngshí) (born 1930)

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==References==

  • Kistner, Otto (1869). "Full title of Essai sur la langue et la littérature chinoises". Buddha and his doctrines: a bibliographical essay. London: Tübner & Co. p. 27.
  • See Chan/Zen Studies in English: The State Of The Field by Bernard Faure

Source